Abstract:
We study finiteness conditions on essential extensions of simple modules over the quantum plane, the quantized Weyl algebra and Noetherian down-up algebras. The results achieved improve the ones obtained in [arXiv:0906.2930] for down-up algebras.

Abstract:
FI-modules were introduced by the first three authors in [CEF] to encode sequences of representations of symmetric groups. Over a field of characteristic 0, finite generation of an FI-module implies representation stability for the corresponding sequence of S_n-representations. In this paper we prove the Noetherian property for FI-modules over arbitrary Noetherian rings: any sub-FI-module of a finitely generated FI-module is finitely generated. This lets us extend many of the results of [CEF] to representations in positive characteristic, and even to integral coefficients. We focus on three major applications of the main theorem: on the integral and mod p cohomology of configuration spaces; on diagonal coinvariant algebras in positive characteristic; and on an integral version of Putman's central stability for homology of congruence subgroups.

Abstract:
We prove that for a noetherian semilocal ring $R$ with exactly $k$ isomorphism classes of simple right modules the monoid $V^*(R)$ of isomorphism classes of countably generated projective right (left) modules, viewed as a submonoid of $V^*(R/J(R))$, is isomorphic to the monoid of solutions in $(\No \cup\{\infty\})^k$ of a system consisting of congruences and diophantine linear equations. The converse also holds, that is, if $M$ is a submonoid of $(\No \cup\{\infty\})^k$ containing an order unit $(n_1,..., n_k)$ of $\No^k$ which is the set of solutions of a system of congruences and linear diophantine equations then it can be realized as $V^*(R)$ for a noetherian semilocal ring such that $R/J(R)\cong M_{n_1}(D_1)\times ... \times M_{n_k}(D_k)$ for suitable division rings $D_1,..., D_k$.

Abstract:
Recently, tilting and cotilting classes over commutative noetherian rings have been classified in arXiv:1203.0907. We proceed and, for each n-cotilting class C, construct an n-cotilting module inducing C by an iteration of injective precovers. A further refinement of the construction yields the unique minimal n-cotilting module inducing C. Finally, we consider localization: a cotilting module is called ample, if all of its localizations are cotilting. We prove that for each 1-cotilting class, there exists an ample cotilting module inducing it, but give an example of a 2-cotilting class which fails this property.

Abstract:
Let R be a (not necessarily local) Noetherian ring and M a finitely generated R-module of finite dimension d. Let \fa be an ideal of R and \fM denote the intersection of all prime ideals \fp in Supp_RH^d_{\fa}(M). It is shown that H^d_{\fa}(M)\simeq H^d_{\fM}(M)/\displaystyle{\sum_{n\in \mathbb{N}}}<\fM>(0:_{H^d_{\fM}(M)}\fa^n), where for an Artinian R-module A we put <\fM>A=\cap_{n\in \mathbb{N}} \fM^nA. As a consequence, it is proved that for all ideals \fa of R, there are only finitely many non-isomorphic top local cohomology modules H^d_{\fa}(M) having the same support. In addition, we establish an analogue of the Lichtenbaum-Hartshorne Vanishing Theorem over rings that need not be local.

Abstract:
Let A be a noetherian commutative ring, and let I be an ideal in A. We study questions of flatness and I-adic completeness for infinitely generated A-modules. This is done using the notions of decaying function and I-adically free A-module.

Abstract:
This paper deals with the notion of grade of ideals with respect to torsion theories defined via some homological tools such as Ext-modules, Koszul cohomology modules, \v{C}ech and local cohomology modules over commutative rings which are not necessarily Noetherian. We also compare these approaches of grade.

Abstract:
Let $R$ be a commutative ring of dimension $d$, $S = R[X]$ or $R[X, 1/X]$ and $P$ a finitely generated projective $S$ module of rank $r$. Then $P$ is cancellative if $P$ has a unimodular element and $r \geq d + 1$. Moreover if $r \geq \dim (S)$ then $P$ has a unimodular element and therefore $P$ is cancellative. As an application we have proved that if $R$ is a ring of dimension $d$ of finite type over a Pr\"{u}fer domain and $P$ is a projective $R[X]$ or $R[X, 1/X]$ module of rank at least $d + 1$, then $P$ has a unimodular element and is cancellative.

Abstract:
Let \fa be an ideal of a local ring (R,\fm) and M a finitely generated R-module. This paper concerns the notion \fgrade(\fa,M), the formal grade of M with respect to \fa (i.e. the least integer i such that {\vpl}_nH^i_{\fm}(M/\fa^n M)\neq 0). We show that \fgrade(\fa,M)\geq \depth M-\cd_{\fa}(M), and as a result, we establish a new characterization of Cohen-Macaulay modules. As an application of this characterization, we show that if M is Cohen-Macaulay and L a pure submodule of M with the same support as M, then \fgrade(\fa,L)=\fgrade(\fa,M). Also, we give a generalization of the Hochster-Eagon result on Cohen-Macaulayness of invariant rings.

Abstract:
We study Gorenstein dimension and grade of a module $M$ over a filtered ring whose assosiated graded ring is a commutative Noetherian ring. An equality or an inequality between these invariants of a filtered module and its associated graded module is the most valuable property for an investigation of filtered rings. We prove an inequality G-dim$M\leq{G-dim gr}M$ and an equality ${\rm grade}M={\rm grade gr}M$, whenever Gorenstein dimension of ${\rm gr}M$ is finite (Theorems 2.3 and 2.8). We would say that the use of G-dimension adds a new viewpoint for studying filtered rings and modules. We apply these results to a filtered ring with a Cohen-Macaulay or Gorenstein associated graded ring and study a Cohen-Macaulay, perfect or holonomic module.