Abstract:
We prove the existence of a minimal diffeomorphism isotopic to the identity between two hyperbolic cone surfaces $(\Sigma,g_1)$ and $(\Sigma,g_2)$ when the cone angles of $g_1$ and $g_2$ are different and smaller than $\pi$. When the cone angles of $g_1$ are strictly smaller than the ones of $g_2$, this minimal diffeomorphism is unique.

Abstract:
We generalize McShane's identity for the length series of simple closed geodesics on a cusped hyperbolic surface to hyperbolic cone-surfaces (with all cone angles $\le \pi$), possibly with cusps and/or geodesic boundary. In particular, by applying the generalized identity to the orbifolds obtained from taking the quotient of the one-holed torus by its elliptic involution, and the closed genus two surface by its hyper-elliptic involution, we obtain generalizations of the Weierstrass identities for the one-holed torus, and identities for the genus two surface, also obtained by McShane using different methods. We also give an interpretation of the identity in terms of complex lengths, gaps, and the direct visual measure of the boundary.

Abstract:
We prove that the isoperimetric inequalities in the euclidean and hyperbolic plane hold for all euclidean, respectively hyperbolic, cone-metrics on a disk with singularities of negative curvature. This is a discrete analog of the theorems of Weil and Bol that deal with Riemannian metrics of curvature bounded from above by 0, respectively by -1. A stronger discrete version was proved by A.D.Alexandrov, with a subsequent extension by approximation to metrics of bounded integral curvature. Our proof uses "discrete conformal deformations" of the metric that eliminate the singularities and increase the area. Therefore it resembles Weil's argument, which uses the uniformization theorem and the harmonic minorant of a subharmonic function.

Abstract:
We construct a new family, indexed by the odd integers $N\geq 1$, of $(2+1)$-dimensional quantum field theories called {\it quantum hyperbolic field theories} (QHFT), and we study its main structural properties. The QHFT are defined for (marked) $(2+1)$-bordisms supported by compact oriented 3-manifolds $Y$ with a properly embedded framed tangle $L_\Ff$ and an {\it arbitrary} $PSL(2,\C)$-character $\rho$ of $Y \setminus L_\Ff$ (covering, for example, the case of hyperbolic cone manifolds). The marking of QHFT bordisms includes a specific set of parameters for the space of pleated hyperbolic structures on punctured surfaces. Each QHFT associates in a constructive way to any triple $(Y,L_\Ff,\rho)$ with marked boundary components a tensor built on the matrix dilogarithms, which is holomorphic in the boundary parameters. We establish {\it surgery formulas} for QHFT partitions functions and describe their relations with the {\it quantum hyperbolic invariants} of \cite{BB1,BB2} (either defined for unframed links in closed manifolds and characters trivial at the link meridians, or hyperbolic {\it cusped} 3-manifolds). For every $PSL(2,\mc)$-character of a punctured surface, we produce new families of conjugacy classes of "moderately projective" representations of the mapping class groups.

Abstract:
In this paper, we obtain analogues of Jorgensen's inequality for non-elementary groups of isometries of quaternionic hyperbolic $n$-space generated by two elements, one of which is loxodromic. Our result gives some improvement over earlier results of Kim [10] and Markham [15]}. These results also apply to complex hyperbolic space and give improvements on results of Jiang, Kamiya and Parker [7] As applications, we use the quaternionic version of J{\o}rgensen's inequalities to construct embedded collars about short, simple, closed geodesics in quaternionic hyperbolic manifolds. We show that these canonical collars are disjoint from each other. Our results give some improvement over earlier results of Markham and Parker and answer an open question posed in [16].

Abstract:
We consider the relationship between hyperbolic cone-manifold structures on surfaces, and algebraic representations of the fundamental group into a group of isometries. A hyperbolic cone-manifold structure on a surface, with all interior cone angles being integer multiples of $2\pi$, determines a holonomy representation of the fundamental group. We ask, conversely, when a representation of the fundamental group is the holonomy of a hyperbolic cone-manifold structure. In this paper we build upon previous work with punctured tori to prove results for higher genus surfaces. Our techniques construct fundamental domains for hyperbolic cone-manifold structures, from the geometry of a representation. Central to these techniques are the Euler class of a representation, the group $\widetilde{PSL_2\R}$, the twist of hyperbolic isometries, and character varieties. We consider the action of the outer automorphism and related groups on the character variety, which is measure-preserving with respect to a natural measure derived from its symplectic structure, and ergodic in certain regions. Under various hypotheses, we almost surely or surely obtain a hyperbolic cone-manifold structure with prescribed holonomy.

Abstract:
We consider the relationship between hyperbolic cone-manifold structures on surfaces, and algebraic representations of the fundamental group into a group of isometries. A hyperbolic cone-manifold structure on a surface, with all interior cone angles being integer multiples of $2\pi$, determines a holonomy representation of the fundamental group. We ask, conversely, when a representation of the fundamental group is the holonomy of a hyperbolic cone-manifold structure. In this paper we prove results for the punctured torus; in the sequel, for higher genus surfaces. We show that a representation of the fundamental group of a punctured torus is a holonomy representation of a hyperbolic cone-manifold structure with no interior cone points and a single corner point if and only if it is not virtually abelian. We construct a pentagonal fundamental domain for hyperbolic structures, from the geometry of a representation. Our techniques involve the universal covering group of the group of orientation-preserving isometries of the hyperbolic plane, and Markoff moves arising from the action of the mapping class group on the character variety.

Abstract:
In this paper we review some author's results about Weingarten surfaces in Euclidean space $\r^3$ and hyperbolic space $\h^3$. We stress here in the search of examples of linear Weingarten surfaces that satisfy a certain geometric property. First, we consider Weingarten surfaces in $\r^3$ that are foliated by circles, proving that the surface is rotational, a Riemann example or a generalized cone. Next we classify rotational surfaces in $\r^3$ of hyperbolic type showing that there exist surfaces that are complete. Finally, we study linear Weingarten surfaces in $\h^3$ that are invariant by a group of parabolic isometries, obtaining its classification.

Abstract:
Let $\Sigma$ be a hyperbolic link with $m$ components in a 3-dimensional manifold $X$. In this paper, we will show that the moduli space of marked hyperbolic cone structures on the pair $(X, \Sigma)$ with all cone angle less than $2\pi /3$ is an $m$-dimensional open cube, parameterized naturally by the $m$ cone angles. As a corollary, we will give a proof of a special case of Thurston's geometrization theorem for orbifolds.

Abstract:
A generic geodesic on a finite area, hyperbolic 2-orbifold exhibits an infinite sequence of penetrations into a neighborhood of a cone singularity, so that the sequence of depths of maximal penetration has a limiting distribution. The distribution function is the same for all such surfaces and is described by a fairly simple formula.