Abstract:
This paper brings the construction of free medial quandles as well as free $n$-symmetric medial quandles and free $m$-reductive medial quandles.

Abstract:
Isomorphism classes of Alexander quandles of order 16 are determined, and classes of connected quandles are identified. This paper extends the list of known distinct connected finite Alexander quandles.

Abstract:
Let $(X,x)$ be an isolated complete intersection singularity and let $f : (X,x) \to (\CC,0)$ be the germ of an analytic function with an isolated singularity at $x$. An important topological invariant in this situation is the Picard-Lefschetz monodromy operator associated to $f$. We give a survey on what is known about this operator. In particular, we review methods of computation of the monodromy and its eigenvalues (zeta function), results on the Jordan normal form of it, definition and properties of the spectrum, and the relation between the monodromy and the topology of the singularity.

Abstract:
We study the structure of symplectic quandles, quandles which are also R-modules equipped with an antisymmetric bilinear form. We show that every finite dimensional symplectic quandle over a finite field F or arbitrary field F of characteristic other than 2 is a disjoint union of a trivial quandle and a connected quandle. We use the module structure of a symplectic quandle over a finite ring to refine and strengthen the quandle counting invariant.

Abstract:
If $A$ is an abelian quandle and $Q$ is a quandle, the hom set $\mathrm{Hom}(Q,A)$ of quandle homomorphisms from $Q$ to $A$ has a natural quandle structure. We exploit this fact to enhance the quandle counting invariant, providing an example of links with the same counting invariant values but distinguished by the hom quandle structure. We generalize the result to the case of biquandles, collect observations and results about abelian quandles and the hom quandle, and show that the category of abelian quandles is symmetric monoidal closed.

Abstract:
Two finite Alexander quandles with the same number of elements are isomorphic iff their Z[t,t^-1]-submodules Im(1-t) are isomorphic as modules. This yields specific conditions on when Alexander quandles of the form Z_n[t,t^-1]/(t-a) where gcd(n,a)=1 (called linear quandles) are isomorphic, as well as specific conditions on when two linear quandles are dual and which linear quandles are connected. We apply this result to obtain a procedure for classifying Alexander quandles of any finite order and as an application we list the numbers of distinct and connected Alexander quandles with up to fifteen elements.

Abstract:
Quandles can be regarded as generalizations of symmetric spaces. In the study of symmetric spaces, the notion of flatness plays an important role. In this paper, we define the notion of flat quandles, by referring to the theory of Riemannian symmetric spaces, and classify flat connected finite quandles.

Abstract:
Using the classification of transitive groups we classify indecomposable quandles of size <36. This classification is available in Rig, a GAP package for computations related to racks and quandles. As an application, the list of all indecomposable quandles of size <36 not of type D is computed.

Abstract:
We classify subdirectly irreducible medial quandles. We show that in the finite case they are either connected (and therefore affine) or reductive. Moreover, we give an explicit description of all subdirectly irreducible reductive medial quandles.

Abstract:
Medial quandles are represented using a heterogeneous affine structure. As a consequence, we obtain numerous structural properties, including enumeration of isomorphism classes of medial quandles up to 13 elements.