Abstract:
The quantum deformation of the Jordanian twist F_qJ for the standard quantum Borel algebra U_q(B) is constructed. It gives the family U_qJ(B) of quantum algebras depending on parameters x and h. In a generic point these algebras represent the hybrid (standard-nonstandard) quantization. The quantum Jordanian twist can be applied to the standard quantization of any Kac-Moody algebra. The corresponding classical r-matrix is a linear combination of the Drinfeld- Jimbo and the Jordanian ones. The obtained two-parametric families of Hopf algebras are smooth and for the limit values of the parameters the standard and nonstandard quantizations are recovered. The twisting element F_qJ also has the correlated limits, in particular when q tends to unity it acquires the canonical form of the Jordanian twist. To illustrate the properties of the quantum Jordanian twist we construct the hybrid quantizations for U(sl(2)) and for the corresponding affine algebra U(hat(sl(2))). The universal quantum R-matrix and its defining representation are presented.

Abstract:
We discuss quantum deformations of Jordanian type for Lie superalgebras. These deformations are described by twisting functions with support from Borel subalgebras and they are multiparameter in the general case. The total twists are presented in explicit form for the Lie superalgebras sl(m|n) and osp(1|2n). We show also that the classical $r$-matrix for a light-cone deformation of D=4 super-Poincare algebra is of Jordanian type and a corresponding twist is given in explicit form.

Abstract:
It is known that the inhomogeneous quantum group IGL_{q,r}(2) can be constructed as a quotient of the multiparameter q-deformation of GL(3). We show that a similar result holds for the inhomogeneous Jordanian deformation and exhibit its Hopf structure.

Abstract:
We study covariant differential calculus on the quantum spheres S_q^2N-1. Two classification results for covariant first order differential calculi are proved. As an important step towards a description of the noncommutative geometry of the quantum spheres, a framework of covariant differential calculus is established, including a particular first order calculus obtained by factorization, higher order calculi and a symmetry concept.

Abstract:
This paper suveys some recent algebraic developments in two parameter Quantum deformations and their Nonstandard (or Jordanian) counterparts. In particular, we discuss the contraction procedure and the quantum group homomorphisms associated to these deformations. The scheme is then set in the wider context of the coloured extensions of these deformations, namely, the so-called Coloured Quantum Groups.

Abstract:
We introduce and study two new examples of noncommutative spheres: the half-liberated sphere, and the free sphere. Together with the usual sphere, these two spheres have the property that the corresponding quantum isometry group is "easy", in the representation theory sense. We present as well some general comments on the axiomatization problem, and on the "untwisted" and "non-easy" case.

Abstract:
Photon spheres, surfaces where massless particles are confined in closed orbits, are expected to be common astrophysical structures surrounding ultracompact objects. In this paper a semiclassical treatment of a photon sphere is proposed. We consider the quantum Maxwell field and derive its energy spectra. A thermodynamic approach for the quantum photon sphere is developed and explored. Within this treatment, an expression for the spectral energy density of the emitted radiation is presented. Our results suggest that photon spheres, when thermalized with their environment, have nonusual thermodynamic properties, which could lead to distinct observational signatures.

Abstract:
We show that the noncommutative spheres of Connes and Landi are quantum homogeneous spaces for certain compact quantum groups. We give a general construction of homogeneous spaces which support noncommutative spin geometries.