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Sequences of symmetric functions of binomial type  [PDF]
Daniel E. Loeb
Mathematics , 1995,
Abstract: We take advantage of the combinatorial interpretations of many sequences of polynomials of binomial type to define a sequence of symmetric functions corresponding to each sequence of polynomials of binomial type. We derive many of the results of Umbral Calculus in this context including a Taylor's expansion and a binomial identity for symmetric functions. Surprisingly, the delta operators for all the sequences of binomial type correspond to the same operator on symmetric functions. On s'appuie ici sur les interpr\'etations combinatoires de nombreuses suites de polyn\^omes de type binomial pour d\'efinir une suite de fonctions sym\'etriques associ\'ee \`a chque suite de polyn\^omes de type binomial. On retrouve dans ce cadre, de nombreaux r\'esultats du calcul ombral, en particulier une version de la formule de Taylor et la formule d'identit\'e du bin\^ome pour les fonctions sym\'etriques. On s'aper\oit que les op\'erateurs differentiels de degr\'e un pour toutes les suite de polyn\^omes de type a binomial correspondent \`a un op\'erateur unique sur les fonction sym\'etriques.
Polynomial Sequences of Binomial Type and Path Integrals  [PDF]
Vladimir V. Kisil
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: Polynomial sequences $p_n(x)$ of binomial type are a principal tool in the umbral calculus of enumerative combinatorics. We express $p_n(x)$ as a \emph{path integral} in the ``phase space'' $\Space{N}{} \times {[-\pi,\pi]}$. The Hamiltonian is $h(\phi)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty p_n'(0)/n! e^{in\phi}$ and it produces a Schr\"odinger type equation for $p_n(x)$. This establishes a bridge between enumerative combinatorics and quantum field theory. It also provides an algorithm for parallel quantum computations. Keywords: Feynman path integral, umbral calculus, polynomial sequence of binomial type, token, Schr\"odinger equation, propagator, wave function, cumulants, quantum computation.
The role of binomial type sequences in determination identities for Bell polynomials  [PDF]
Miloud Mihoubi
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: Our paper deals about identities involving Bell polynomials. Some identities on Bell polynomials derived using generating function and successive derivatives of binomial type sequences. We give some relations between Bell polynomials and binomial type sequences in first part, and, we generalize the results obtained in [4] in second part.
Schur type functions associated with polynomial sequences of binomial type  [PDF]
Minoru Itoh
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: We introduce a class of Schur type functions associated with polynomial sequences of binomial type. This can be regarded as a generalization of the ordinary Schur functions and the factorial Schur functions. This generalization satisfies some interesting expansion formulas, in which there is a curious duality. Moreover this class includes examples which are useful to describe the eigenvalues of Capelli type central elements of the universal enveloping algebras of classical Lie algebras.
Polynomial sequences of binomial-type arising in graph theory  [PDF]
Jon Schneider
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, we show that the solution to a large class of "tiling" problems is given by a polynomial sequence of binomial type. More specifically, we show that the number of ways to place a fixed set of polyominos on an $n\times n$ toroidal chessboard such that no two polyominos overlap is eventually a polynomial in $n$, and that certain sets of these polynomials satisfy binomial-type recurrences. We exhibit generalizations of this theorem to higher dimensions and other lattices. Finally, we apply the techniques developed in this paper to resolve an open question about the structure of coefficients of chromatic polynomials of certain grid graphs (namely that they also satisfy a binomial-type recurrence).
A Fuss-type family of positive definite sequences  [PDF]
Wojciech M?otkowski,Karol A. Penson
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We study a two-parameter family $a_{n}(p,t)$ of deformations of the Fuss numbers. We show a sufficient condition for positive definiteness of $a_n(p,t)$ and prove that some of the corresponding probability measures are infinitely divisible with respect to the additive free convolution.
Ascent sequences and the binomial convolution of Catalan numbers  [PDF]
Lara K. Pudwell
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: In this paper, we consider two sets of pattern-avoiding ascent sequences: those avoiding both 201 and 210 and those avoiding 0021. In each case we show that the number of such ascent sequences is given by the binomial convolution of the Catalan numbers. The result for $\{201, 210\}$-avoiders completes a family of results given by Baxter and the current author in a previous paper. The result for 0021-avoiders, together with previous work of Duncan, Steingr\'{i}msson, Mansour, and Shattuck, completes the Wilf classification of single patterns of length 4 for ascent sequences.
A Digital Binomial Theorem for Sheffer Sequences  [PDF]
Toufik Mansour,Hieu D. Nguyen
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We extend the digital binomial theorem to Sheffer polynomial sequences by demonstrating that their corresponding Sierpi\'nski matrices satisfy a multiplication property that is equivalent to the convolution identity for Sheffer sequences.
Polynomials of Binomial Type and Lucas' Theorem  [PDF]
David Goss
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We present various constructions of sequences of polynomials satisfying the Binomial Theorem in finite characteristic based on the theory of additive polynomials. Various actions on these constructions are also presented. It is an open question whether we then have accounted for all sequences in finite characteristic which satisfy the Binomial Theorem.
Ray trajectories, binomial of a new type, and the binary system; on binomial distribution of the second (nonlinear) type for big binomial power  [PDF]
Alexander V. Yurkin
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: The paper describes a new algorithm of construction of the nonlinear arithmetic triangle on the basis of numerical simulation and the binary system. It demonstrates that the numbers that fill the nonlinear arithmetic triangle may be binomial coefficients of a new type. An analogy has been drawn with the binomial coefficients calculated with the use of the Pascal triangle. The paper provides a geometrical interpretation of binomials of different types in considering the branching systems of rays. Results of numerical calculations of binomial distribution of the second (nonlinear) type for big power of a binomial are given. Difference of geometrical properties of linear and nonlinear arithmetic triangles and envelopes of binomial distributions of the first and second types is drawn. The empirical formula for half-sums of binomial coefficients of the second (nonlinear) type is offered. Comparison of envelopes of binomial coefficients sums is carried out. It is shown that at big degrees of a binomial a form of envelops of these sums are close.
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