Abstract:
The aim of this paper is to construct an explicit potential for the Dirac operator that has purely singular continuous spectrum. The characteristic trait of this potential is that it consists of bumps whose distance is growing rapidly. This allows the particle to depart from the origin arbitrarily far. But the overall effect of the bumps will always lead the particle back to the origin.

Abstract:
We show that non-occurrence of the Lavrentiev phenomenon does not imply that the singular set is small. Precisely, given a compact Lebesgue null subset of the line $E$ and an arbitrary superlinearity, there exists a smooth, strictly convex Lagrangian with this superlinear growth, such that all minimizers of the associated variational problem have singular set exactly $E$, but still admit approximation in energy by smooth functions.

Abstract:
We investigate the effects of spin-flip scattering on the Hall transport and spectral properties of gapped Dirac fermions. We find that in the weak scattering regime, the Berry curvature distribution is dramatically compressed in the electronic energy spectrum, becoming singular at band edges. As a result the Hall conductivity has a sudden jump (or drop) of $e^2/2h$ when the Fermi energy sweeps across the band edges, and otherwise is a constant quantized in units of $e^2/2h$. In parallel, spectral properties such as the density of states and spin polarization are also greatly enhanced at band edges. Possible experimental methods to detect these effects are discussed.

Abstract:
The regular reduction of a Dirac manifold acted upon freely and properly by a Lie group is generalized to a nonfree action. For this, several facts about $G$-invariant vector fields and one-forms are shown.

Abstract:
It has recently been conjectured that the eigenvalues $\lambda$ of the Dirac operator on a closed Riemannian spin manifold $M$ of dimension $n\ge 3$ can be estimated from below by the total scalar curvature: $$ \lambda^2 \ge \frac{n}{4(n-1)} \cdot \frac{\int_M S}{vol(M)}. $$ We show by example that such an estimate is impossible.

Abstract:
Bumps are omnipresent from human skin to the geological structures on planets, which offer distinct advantages in numerous phenomena including structural color, drag reduction, and extreme wettability. Although the topographical parameters of bumps such as radius of curvature of convex regions significantly influence various phenomena including anti-reflective structures and contact time of impacting droplets, the effect of the detailed bump topography on growth and transport of condensates have not been clearly understood. Inspired by the millimetric bumps of the Namib Desert beetle, here we report the identified role of radius of curvature and width of bumps with homogeneous surface wettability in growth rate, coalescence and transport of water droplets. Further rational design of asymmetric convex topography and synergetic combination with slippery coating simultaneously enable self-transport, leading to unseen five-fold higher growth rate and an order of magnitude faster shedding time of droplets compared to superhydrophobic surfaces. We envision that our fundamental understanding and innovative design of bumps can be applied to lead enhanced performance in various phase change applications including water harvesting.

Abstract:
We propose a new vector potential for the Abelian magnetic monopole. The potential is non-singular in the entire region around the monopole. We argue how the Dirac quantization condition can be derived for any choice of potential.

Abstract:
At nonzero density the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator move into the complex plane, while its singular values remain real and nonnegative. In QCD-like theories, the singular-value spectrum carries information on the diquark (or pionic) condensate. We have constructed low-energy effective theories in different density regimes and derived a number of exact results for the Dirac singular values, including Banks-Casher-type relations for the diquark (or pionic) condensate, Smilga-Stern-type relations for the slope of the singular-value density, and Leutwyler-Smilga-type sum rules for the inverse singular values. We also present a rigorous index theorem for non-Hermitian Dirac operators.

Abstract:
Given a singular Riemannian foliation on a compact Riemannian manifold, we study the mean curvature flow equation with a regular leaf as initial datum. We prove that if the leaves are compact and the mean curvature vector field is basic, then any finite time singularity is a singular leaf, and the singularity is of type I. These results generalize previous results of Liu and Terng, Pacini and Koike. In particular our results can be applied to partitions of Riemannian manifolds into orbits of actions of compact groups of isometries.

Abstract:
Analyzing the constraint structure of electrodynamics, massive vector bosons, Dirac fermions and electrodynamics coupled to fermions, we show that Dirac quantization method leads to appropriate creation-annihilation algebra among the Forier coefficients of the fields.