Abstract:
We consider the focusing nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations $i\partial_t u+\Delta u +u|u|^{p-1}=0$ in dimension $1\leq N\leq 5$ and for slightly $L^2$ supercritical nonlinearities $p_c

Abstract:
The generalized Korteweg-de Vries equations are a class of Hamiltonian systems in infinite dimension derived from the KdV equation where the quadratic term is replaced by a higher order power term. These equations have two conservation laws in the energy space H^1(L^2 norm and energy). We consider in this paper the {\it critical} generalized KdV equation, which corresponds to the smallest power of the nonlinearity such that the two conservation laws do not imply a bound in H^1 uniform in time for all H^1 solutions (and thus global existence). From [15], there do exist for this equation solutions u(t) such that |u(t)|_{H^1} \to +\infty as T\uparrow T, where T\le +\infty (we call them blow-up solutions). The question is to describe, in a qualitative way, how blow up occurs. For solutions with L^2 mass close to the minimal mass allowing blow up and with decay in L^2 at the right, we prove after rescaling and translation which leave invariant the L^2 norm that the solution converges to a {\it universal} profile locally in space at the blow-up time T. From the nature of this profile, we improve the standard lower bound on the blow-up rate for finite time blow-up solutions.

Abstract:
For the initial value problem (IVP) associated the generalized Korteweg-de Vries (gKdV) equation with supercritical nonlinearity, u_{t}+\partial_x^3u+\partial_x(u^{k+1}) =0,\qquad k\geq 5, numerical evidence \cite{BDKM1, BSS1} shows that there are initial data $\phi\in H^1(\mathbb{R})$ such that the corresponding solution may blow-up in finite time. Also, with the evidence from numerical simulation \cite{ACKM, KP}, the physicists claim that a periodic time dependent term in factor of the nonlinearity would disturb the blow-up solution, either accelerating or delaying it. In this work, we investigate the IVP associated to the gKdV equation u_{t}+\partial_x^3u+g(\omega t)\partial_x(u^{k+1}) =0, where $g$ is a periodic function and $k\geq 5$ is an integer. We prove that, for given initial data $\phi \in H^1(\R)$, as $|\omega|\to \infty$, the solution $u_{\omega}$ converges to the solution $U$ of the initial value problem associated to U_{t}+\partial_x^3U+m(g)\partial_x(U^{k+1}) =0, with the same initial data, where $m(g)$ is the average of the periodic function $g$. Moreover, if the solution $U$ is global and satisfies $\|U\|_{L_x^5L_t^{10}}<\infty$, then we prove that the solution $u_{\omega}$ is also global provided $|\omega|$ is sufficiently large.

Abstract:
The paper is devoted to the study of slightly supercritical active scalars with nonlocal diffusion. We prove global regularity for the surface quasi-geostrophic (SQG) and Burgers equations, when the diffusion term is supercritical by a symbol with roughly logarithmic behavior at infinity. We show that the result is sharp for the Burgers equation. We also prove global regularity for a slightly supercritical two-dimensional Euler equation. Our main tool is a nonlocal maximum principle which controls a certain modulus of continuity of the solutions.

Abstract:
We prove global existence of smooth solutions for a slightly supercritical hyperdissipative Navier--Stokes under the optimal condition on the correction to the dissipation. This proves a conjecture formulated by Tao [Tao2009].

Abstract:
We describe a finite-dimensional reduction method to find solutions for a class of slightly supercritical elliptic problems. A suitable truncation argument allows us to work in the usual Sobolev space even in the presence of supercritical nonlinearities: we modify the supercritical term in such a way to have subcritical approximating problems; for these problems, the finite-dimensional reduction can be obtained applying the methods already developed in the subcritical case; finally, we show that, if the truncation is realized at a sufficiently large level, then the solutions of the approximating problems, given by these methods, also solve the supercritical problems when the parameter is small enough.

Abstract:
We prove that weak solutions of a slightly supercritical quasi-geostrophic equation become smooth for large time. We prove it using a De Giorgi type argument using ideas from a recent paper by Caffarelli and Vasseur.

Abstract:
We produce a new proof of Tao's result on the slightly supercritical Navier Stokes equations. Our proof has the advantage that it works in the plane while Tao's proof works only in dimensions three and higher. We accomplish this by studying the problem as a system of differential inequalities on the $L^2$ norms of the Littlewood Paley decomposition, along the lines of Pavlovic's proof of the Beale-Kato-Majda theorem.

Abstract:
We investiage the (slightly) super-critical 2-D Euler equations. The paper consists of two parts. In the first part we prove well-posedness in $C^s$ spaces for all $s>0.$ We also give growth estimates for the $C^s$ norms of the vorticity for $0< s \leq 1.$ In the second part we prove global regularity for the vortex patch problem in the super-critical regime.This paper extends the results of Chae, Constantin, and Wu where they prove well-posedness for the so-called LogLog-Euler equation. We also extend the classical results of Chemin and Bertozzi-Constantin on the vortex patch problem to the slightly supercritical case. The supercritical vortex patch problem introduces several extra difficulties which are overcome via delicate estimates which take advantage of the extra tangential regularity of the vortex patches. Both problems we study are done in the setting of the whole space.