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Dynamical stability and Lyapunov exponents for holomorphic endomorphisms of CP(k)  [PDF]
Fran?ois Berteloot,Fabrizio Bianchi,Christophe Dupont
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We introduce a notion of stability for equilibrium measures in holomorphic families of endomorphisms of CP(k) and prove that it is equivalent to the stability of repelling cycles and equivalent to the existence of a measurable holomorphic motion of Julia sets. We characterize the corresponding bifurcations by the strict subharmonicity of the sum of Lyapunov exponents or the instability of critical dynamics and analyze how repelling cycles may bifurcate. Our methods deeply exploit the properties of Lyapunov exponents and are based on ergodic theory and on pluripotential theory.
Mono-atomic disintegration and Lyapunov exponents for derived from Anosov diffeomorphisms  [PDF]
Gabriel Ponce,Régis Var?o,Ali Tahzibi
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper we mainly address the problem of disintegration of Lebesgue measure and measure of maximal entropy along the central foliation of (conservative) Derived from Anosov (DA) diffeomorphisms. We prove that for accessible DA diffeomorphisms of $\mathbb{T}^3$, atomic disintegration has the peculiarity of being mono-atomic (one atom per leaf). We further provide open and non-empty condition for the existence of atomic disintegration. Finally, we prove some new relations between Lyapunov exponents of DA diffeomorphisms and their linearization.
An analytical relation between entropy production and quantum Lyapunov exponents for Gaussian bipartite systems  [PDF]
K. M. Fonseca Romero,J. E. Parreira,L. A. M. Souza,M. C. Nemes,W. F. Wreszinski
Mathematics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/41/11/115303
Abstract: We study and compare the information loss of a large class of Gaussian bipartite systems. It includes the usual Caldeira-Leggett type model as well as Anosov models (parametric oscillators, the inverted oscillator environment, etc), which exhibit instability, one of the most important characteristics of chaotic systems. We establish a rigorous connection between the quantum Lyapunov exponents and coherence loss, and show that in the case of unstable environments coherence loss is completely determined by the upper quantum Lyapunov exponent, a behavior which is more universal than that of the Caldeira-Leggett type model.
Genericity of zero Lyapunov exponents  [PDF]
Jairo Bochi
Mathematics , 2002, DOI: 10.1017/S0143385702001165
Abstract: We show that, for any compact surface, there is a residual (dense $G_\delta$) set of $C^1$ area preserving diffeomorphisms which either are Anosov or have zero Lyapunov exponents a.e. This result was announced by R. Mane, but no proof was available. We also show that for any fixed ergodic dynamical system over a compact space, there is a residual set of continuous $SL(2,R)$-cocycles which either are uniformly hyperbolic or have zero exponents a.e.
Upper quantum Lyapunov Exponent and Anosov relations for quantum systems driven by a classical flow  [PDF]
O. Sapin,H. R. Jauslin,S. Weigert
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: We generalize the definition of quantum Anosov properties and the related Lyapunov exponents to the case of quantum systems driven by a classical flow, i.e. skew-product systems. We show that the skew Anosov properties can be interpreted as regular Anosov properties in an enlarged Hilbert space, in the framework of a generalized Floquet theory. This extension allows us to describe the hyperbolicity properties of almost-periodic quantum parametric oscillators and we show that their upper Lyapunov exponents are positive and equal to the Lyapunov exponent of the corresponding classical parametric oscillators. As second example, we show that the configurational quantum cat system satisfies quantum Anosov properties.
On quantum Lyapunov exponents  [PDF]
Wladyslaw A. Majewski,Marcin Marciniak
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: It was shown that quantum analysis constitutes the proper analytic basis for quantization of Lyapunov exponents in the Heisenberg picture. Differences among various quantizations of Lyapunov exponents are clarified.
Lyapunov Exponents of Hybrid Stochastic Heat Equations  [PDF]
Jianhai Bao,Xuerong Mao,Chenggui Yuan
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate a class of hybrid stochastic heat equations. By explicit formulae of solutions, we not only reveal the sample Lyapunov exponents but also discuss the $p$th moment Lyapnov exponents. Moreover, several examples are established to demonstrate that unstable (deterministic or stochastic) dynamical systems can be stabilized by Markovian switching.
From synchronization to Lyapunov exponents and back  [PDF]
Antonio Politi,Francesco Ginelli,Serhiy Yanchuk,Yuri Maistrenko
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1016/j.physd.2006.09.032
Abstract: The goal of this paper is twofold. In the first part we discuss a general approach to determine Lyapunov exponents from ensemble- rather than time-averages. The approach passes through the identification of locally stable and unstable manifolds (the Lyapunov vectors), thereby revealing an analogy with generalized synchronization. The method is then applied to a periodically forced chaotic oscillator to show that the modulus of the Lyapunov exponent associated to the phase dynamics increases quadratically with the coupling strength and it is therefore different from zero already below the onset of phase-synchronization. The analytical calculations are carried out for a model, the generalized special flow, that we construct as a simplified version of the periodically forced Rossler oscillator.
Rigidity of equality of Lyapunov exponents for geodesic flows  [PDF]
Clark Butler
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We study the relationship between the Lyapunov exponents of the geodesic flow of a closed negatively curved manifold and the geometry of the manifold. We show that if each periodic orbit of the geodesic flow has exactly one Lyapunov exponent on the unstable bundle then the manifold has constant negative curvature. We also show under a curvature pinching condition that equality of all Lyapunov exponents with respect to volume on the unstable bundle also implies that the manifold has constant negative curvature. We then study the degree to which one can emulate these rigidity theorems for the hyperbolic spaces of nonconstant negative curvature when the Lyapunov exponents with respect to volume match those of the appropriate symmetric space and obtain rigidity results under additional technical assumptions. The proofs use new results from hyperbolic dynamics including the nonlinear invariance principle of Avila and Viana and the approximation of Lyapunov exponents of invariant measures by Lyapunov exponents associated to periodic orbits which was developed by Kalinin in his proof of the Livsic theorem for matrix cocycles. We also employ rigidity results of Capogna and Pansu on quasiconformal mappings of certain nilpotent Lie groups.
The Lyapunov exponents of generic volume preserving and symplectic systems  [PDF]
Jairo Bochi,Marcelo Viana
Mathematics , 2002,
Abstract: We show that the integrated Lyapunov exponents of $C^1$ volume preserving diffeomorphisms are simultaneously continuous at a given diffeomorphism only if the corresponding Oseledets splitting is trivial (all Lyapunov exponents equal to zero) or else dominated (uniform hyperbolicity in the projective bundle) almost everywhere. We deduce a sharp dichotomy for generic volume preserving diffeomorphisms on any compact manifold: almost every orbit either is projectively hyperbolic or has all Lyapunov exponents equal to zero. Similarly, for a residual subset of all $C^1$ symplectic diffeomorphisms on any compact manifold, either the diffeomorphism is Anosov or almost every point has zero as a Lyapunov exponent, with multiplicity at least 2. Finally, given any closed group $G \subset GL(d,\mathrm{R})$ that acts transitively on the projective space, for a residual subset of all continuous $G$-valued cocycles over any measure preserving homeomorphism of a compact space, the Oseledets splitting is either dominated or trivial.
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