Abstract:
A group is called metahamiltonian if all non-abelian subgroups of it are normal. This concept is a natural generation of Hamiltonian groups. In this paper, a complete classification of finite metahamiltonian $p$-groups is given.

Abstract:
A group is called metahamiltonian if all its non-abelian subgroups are normal. This aim of this paper is to provide an updated survey of researches concerning certain classes of generalized metahamiltonian groups, in various contexts, and to prove some new results. Some open problems are listed.

Abstract:
According to Li, Nicholson and Zan, a group $G$ is said to be morphic if, for every pair $N_{1}, N_{2}$ of normal subgroups, each of the conditions $G/N_{1} \cong N_{2}$ and $G/N_{2} \cong N_{1}$ implies the other. Finite, homocyclic $p$-groups are morphic, and so is the nonabelian group of order $p^{3}$ and exponent $p$, for $p$ an odd prime. It follows from results of An, Ding and Zhan on self dual groups that these are the only examples of finite, morphic $p$-groups. In this paper we obtain the same result under a weaker hypotesis.

Abstract:
This survey on the automorphism groups of finite p-groups focuses on three major topics: explicit computations for familiar finite p-groups, such as the extraspecial p-groups and Sylow p-subgroups of Chevalley groups; constructing p-groups with specified automorphism groups; and the discovery of finite p-groups whose automorphism groups are or are not p-groups themselves. The material is presented with varying levels of detail, with some of the examples given in complete detail.

Abstract:
In this paper we prove characterizations of $p$-nilpotency for fusion systems and $p$-local finite groups that are inspired by results in the literature for finite groups. In particular, we generalize criteria by Atiyah, Brunetti, Frobenius, Quillen, Stammbach and Tate.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be a finite $p$-group such that $x\Z(G) \subseteq x^G$ for all $x \in G- \Z(G)$, where $x^G$ denotes the conjugacy class of $x$ in $G$. Then $|G|$ divides $|\Aut(G)|$, where $\Aut(G)$ is the group of all automorphisms of $G$.

Abstract:
We give a sufficient condition on a finite $p$-group $G$ of nilpotency class 2 so that $\Aut_c(G) = \Inn(G)$, where $\Aut_c(G)$ and $\Inn(G)$ denote the group of all class preserving automorphisms and inner automorphisms of $G$ respectively. Next we prove that if $G$ and $H$ are two isoclinic finite groups (in the sense of P. Hall), then $\Aut_c(G) \cong \Aut_c(H)$. Finally we study class preserving automorphisms of groups of order $p^5$ and prove that $\Aut_c(G) = \Inn(G)$ for all the groups of order $p^5$ except two isoclinism families.

Abstract:
The ElGamal cryptosystem is the most widely used public key cryptosystem. It uses the discrete logarithm problem as the cryptographic primitive. The MOR cryptosystem is a similar cryptosystem. It uses the discrete logarithm problem in the automorphism group as the cryptographic primitive. In this paper, we study the MOR cryptosystem for finite $p$-groups. The study is complete for $p^\prime$-automorphisms. For $p$-automorphisms there are some interesting open problems.

Abstract:
A conjecture of Berkovich asserts that every non-simple finite p-group has a non-inner automorphism of order p. This conjecture is far from being proved despite the great effort devoted to it. In this paper we prove it for p-groups of coclass 2, provided that p is odd. Some related results are also proved, and may be considered as interesting independently.

Abstract:
We construct two classes of Gray maps, called type-I Gray map and type-II Gray map, for a finite $p$-group $G$. Type-I Gray maps are constructed based on the existence of a Gray map for a maximal subgroup $H$ of $G$. When $G$ is a semidirect product of two finite $p$-groups $H$ and $K$, both $H$ and $K$ admit Gray maps and the corresponding homomorphism $psi:Hlongrightarrow {rm Aut}(K)$ is compatible with the Gray map of $K$ in a sense which we will explain, we construct type-II Gray maps for $G$. Finally, we consider group codes over the dihedral group $D_8$ of order 8 given by the set of their generators, and derive a representation and an encoding procedure for such codes.