Abstract:
In any quasi-metric space of homogeneous type, Auscher and Hyt\"onen recently gave a construction of orthonormal wavelets with H\"older-continuity exponent $\eta>0$. However, even in a metric space, their exponent is in general quite small. In this paper, we show that the H\"older-exponent can be taken arbitrarily close to 1 in a metric space. We do so by revisiting and improving the underlying construction of random dyadic cubes, which also has other applications.

Abstract:
We give study the Lipschitz continuity of M\"obius transformations of a punctured disk onto another punctured disk with respect to the distance ratio metric.

Abstract:
We prove that each sub-Riemannian manifold can be embedded in some Euclidean space preserving the length of all the curves in the manifold. The result is an extension of Nash C^1 Embedding Theorem. For more general metric spaces the same result is false, e.g., for Finsler non-Riemannian manifolds. However, we also show that any metric space of finite Hausdorff dimension can be embedded in some Euclidean space via a Lipschitz map.

Abstract:
Basic properties of Hausdorff content, dimension, and measure of subsets of metric spaces are discussed, especially in connection with Lipschitz mappings and topological dimension.

Abstract:
By a quantum metric space we mean a C^*-algebra (or more generally an order-unit space) equipped with a generalization of the Lipschitz seminorm on functions which is defined by an ordinary metric. We develop for compact quantum metric spaces a version of Gromov-Hausdorff distance. We show that the basic theorems of the classical theory have natural quantum analogues. Our main example involves the quantum tori, $A_{\th}$. We show, for consistently defined ``metrics'', that if a sequence $\{\th_n\}$ of parameters converges to a parameter $\th$, then the sequence $\{A_{\th_n}\}$ of quantum tori converges in quantum Gromov-Hausdorff distance to $A_{\th}$.

Abstract:
A Wasserstein spaces is a metric space of sufficiently concentrated probability measures over a general metric space. The main goal of this paper is to estimate the largeness of Wasserstein spaces, in a sense to be precised. In a first part, we generalize the Hausdorff dimension by defining a family of bi-Lipschitz invariants, called critical parameters, that measure largeness for infinite-dimensional metric spaces. Basic properties of these invariants are given, and they are estimated for a naturel set of spaces generalizing the usual Hilbert cube. In a second part, we estimate the value of these new invariants in the case of some Wasserstein spaces, as well as the dynamical complexity of push-forward maps. The lower bounds rely on several embedding results; for example we provide bi-Lipschitz embeddings of all powers of any space inside its Wasserstein space, with uniform bound and we prove that the Wasserstein space of a d-manifold has "power-exponential" critical parameter equal to d.

Abstract:
We prove a quantitative version of the following statement. Given a Lipschitz function f from the k-dimensional unit cube into a general metric space, one can decomposed f into a finite number of BiLipschitz functions f|_{F_i} so that the k-Hausdorff content of f([0,1]^k\setminus \cup F_i) is small. We thus generalize a theorem of P. Jones (1988) from the setting of R^d to the setting of a general metric space. This positively answers problem 11.13 in ``Fractured Fractals and Broken Dreams" by G. David and S. Semmes, or equivalently, question 9 from ``Thirty-three yes or no questions about mappings, measures, and metrics" by J. Heinonen and S. Semmes. Our statements extend to the case of {\it coarse} Lipschitz functions.

Abstract:
We study expansion/contraction properties of some common classes of mappings of the Euclidean space ${\mathbb R}^n, n\ge 2\,,$ with respect to the distance ratio metric. The first main case is the behavior of M\"obius transformations of the unit ball in ${\mathbb R}^n$ onto itself. In the second main case we study the polynomials of the unit disk onto a subdomain of the complex plane. In both cases sharp Lipschitz constants are obtained.

Abstract:
There exists a completely metrizable bounded metrizable space $X$ with compatible metrics $d,d'$ so that the hyperspace $CL(X)$ of nonempty closed subsets of $X$ endowed with the Hausdorff metric $H_d$, $H_{d'}$, resp. is $\alpha$-favorable, $\beta$-favorable, resp. in the strong Choquet game. In particular, there exists a completely metrizable bounded metric space $(X,d)$ such that $(CL(X),H_d)$ is not completely metrizable.

Abstract:
The metric Markov cotype of barycentric metric spaces is computed, yielding the first class of metric spaces that are not Banach spaces for which this bi-Lipschitz invariant is understood. It is shown that this leads to new nonlinear spectral calculus inequalities, as well as a unified framework for Lipschitz extension, including new Lipschitz extension results for CAT(0) targets. An example that elucidates the relation between metric Markov cotype and Rademacher cotype is analyzed, showing that a classical Lipschitz extension theorem of Johnson, Lindenstrauss and Benyamini is asymptotically sharp.