Abstract:
We show that the image of the pure braid group under the monodromy action on the homology of a cyclic covering of degree d of the projective line is an arithmetic group provided the number of branch points is sufficiently large compared to the degree.

Abstract:
Exact bounds for the positions of the branch points for cyclic coverings of the $p$-adic projective line by Mumford curves are calculated in two ways. Firstly, by using Fumiharu Kato's *-trees, and secondly by giving explicit matrix representations of the Schottky groups corresponding to the Mumford curves above the projective line through combinatorial group theory.

Abstract:
In this paper we compute the first vertex of a generic Newton polygon in some special cases, and the corresponding Hasse polynomial. This allows us to show the nonexistence of $p$-cyclic coverings of the projective line in characteristic $p$ with supersingular jacobian for some (infinite families of) genera.

Abstract:
Given a family of Galois coverings of the projective line we give a simple sufficient condition ensuring that the closure of the image of the family via the period mapping is a special (or Shimura) subvariety in A_g. By a computer program we get the list of all families in genus up to 8 satisfying our condition. There is no family in genus 8, all of them are in genus at most 7. These examples are related to a conjecture of Oort. Among them we get the cyclic examples constructed by various authors (Shimura, Mostow, De Jong-Noot, Rohde, Moonen and others) and the abelian non-cyclic examples found by Moonen-Oort. We get 7 new non-abelian examples.

Abstract:
Let $\psi$ be the period map for a family of the cyclic triple coverings of the complex projective line branching at six points. The symmetric group $S_6$ acts on this family and on its image under $\psi.$ In this paper, we give an $S_6$-equivariant expression of $\psi^{-1}$ in terms of fifteen theta constants.

Abstract:
We study the Seshadri constants of cyclic coverings of smooth surfaces. The existence of an automorphism on these surfaces can be used to produce Seshadri exceptional curves. We give a bound for multiple Seshadri constants on cyclic coverings of surfaces with Picard number 1. Morevoer, we apply this method to $n$-cyclic coverings of the projective plane. When $2\leq n\leq 9$, explicit values are obtained. We relate this problem with the Nagata conjecture.

Abstract:
We prove that a resolution of singularities of any finite covering of the projective plane branched along a Hurwitz curve $\bar H$ and, maybe, along a line "at infinity" can be embedded as a symplectic submanifold into some projective algebraic manifold equipped with an integer K\"{a}hler symplectic form (assuming that if $\bar H$ has negative nodes, then the covering is non-singular over them). For cyclic coverings we can realize this embeddings into a rational algebraic 3--fold. Properties of the Alexander polynomial of $\bar{H}$ are investigated and applied to the calculation of the first Betti number $b_1(\bar X_n)$ of a resolution $\bar X_n$ of singularities of $n$-sheeted cyclic coverings of $\mathbb C\mathbb P^2$ branched along $\bar H$ and, maybe, along a line "at infinity". We prove that $b_1(\bar X_n)$ is even if $\bar H$ is an irreducible Hurwitz curve but, in contrast to the algebraic case, that it can take any non-negative value in the case when $\bar H$ consists of several irreducible components.

Abstract:
We introduce the concept of a Galois covering of a pointed coalgebra. The theory developed shows that Galois coverings of pointed coalgebras can be concretely expressed by smash coproducts using the coaction of the automorphism group of the covering. Thus the theory of Galois coverings is seen to be equivalent to group gradings of coalgebras. An advantageous feature of the coalgebra theory is that neither the grading group nor the quiver is assumed finite in order to obtain a smash product coalgebra.

Abstract:
The automorphism group of the Galois covering induced by a pluri-canonical generic covering of a projective space is investigated. It is shown that by means of such coverings one obtains, in dimensions one and two, serieses of specific actions of the symmetric groups $S_d$ on curves and surfaces not deformable to an action of $S_d$ which is not the full automorphism group. As an application, new DIF $\ne$ DEF examples for $G$-varieties in complex and real geometry are given.

Abstract:
We investigate the Galois coverings of weakly shod algebras. For a weakly shod algebra not quasi-tilted of canonical type, we establish a correspondence between its Galois coverings and the Galois coverings of its connecting component. As a consequence, we show that a weakly shod algebra is simply connected if and only if its first Hochschild cohomology group vanishes.