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Stability of stationary equivariant wave maps from the hyperbolic plane  [PDF]
Andrew Lawrie,Sung-Jin Oh,Sohrab Shahshahani
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: In this paper we initiate the study of equivariant wave maps from 2d hyperbolic space into rotationally symmetric surfaces. This problem exhibits markedly different phenomena than its Euclidean counterpart due to the exponential volume growth of concentric geodesic spheres on the domain. In particular, when the target is the 2-sphere, we find a family of equivariant harmonic maps indexed by a parameter that measures how far the image of each harmonic map wraps around the sphere. These maps have energies taking all values between zero and the energy of the unique co-rotational Euclidean harmonic map, Q, from the Euclidean plane to the 2-sphere, given by stereographic projection. We prove that the harmonic maps are asymptotically stable for values of the parameter smaller than a threshold that is large enough to allow for maps that wrap more than halfway around the sphere. Indeed, we prove Strichartz estimates for the operator obtained by linearizing around such a harmonic map. However, for harmonic maps with energies approaching the Euclidean energy of Q, asymptotic stability via a perturbative argument based on Strichartz estimates is precluded by the existence of gap eigenvalues in the spectrum of the linearized operator. When the target is 2d hyperbolic space, we find a continuous family of asymptotically stable equivariant harmonic maps with arbitrarily small and arbitrarily large energies. This stands in sharp contrast to the corresponding problem on Euclidean space, where all finite energy solutions scatter to zero as time tends to infinity.
Gap Eigenvalues and Asymptotic Dynamics of Geometric Wave Equations on Hyperbolic Space  [PDF]
Andrew Lawrie,Sung-Jin Oh,Sohrab Shahshahani
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we study $k$-equivariant wave maps from the hyperbolic plane into the $2$-sphere as well as the energy critical equivariant $SU(2)$ Yang-Mills problem on $4$-dimensional hyperbolic space. The latter problem bears many similarities to a $2$-equivariant wave map into a surface of revolution. As in the case of $1$-equivariant wave maps considered in~\cite{LOS1}, both problems admit a family of stationary solutions indexed by a parameter that determines how far the image of the map wraps around the target manifold. Here we show that if the image of a stationary solution is contained in a geodesically convex subset of the target, then it is asymptotically stable in the energy space. However, for a stationary solution that covers a large enough portion of the target, we prove that the Schr\"odinger operator obtained by linearizing about such a harmonic map admits a simple positive eigenvalue in the spectral gap. As there is no a priori nonlinear obstruction to asymptotic stability, this gives evidence for the existence of metastable states (i.e., solutions with anomalously slow decay rates) in these simple geometric models.
Profile decompositions for wave equations on hyperbolic space with applications  [PDF]
Andrew Lawrie,Sung-Jin Oh,Sohrab Shahshahani
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: The goal for this paper is twofold. Our first main objective is to develop Bahouri-Gerard type profile decompositions for waves on hyperbolic space. Recently, such profile decompositions have proved to be a versatile tool in the study of the asymptotic dynamics of solutions to nonlinear wave equations with large energy. With an eye towards further applications, we develop this theory in a fairly general framework, which includes the case of waves on hyperbolic space perturbed by a time-independent potential. Our second objective is to use the profile decomposition to address a specific nonlinear problem, namely the question of global well-posedness and scattering for the defocusing, energy critical, semi-linear wave equation on three-dimensional hyperbolic space, possibly perturbed by a repulsive time-independent potential. Using the concentration compactness/rigidity method introduced by Kenig and Merle, we prove that all finite energy initial data lead to a global evolution that scatters to linear waves in infinite time. This proof will serve as a blueprint for the arguments in a forthcoming work, where we study the asymptotic behavior of large energy equivariant wave maps on the hyperbolic plane.
Global existence of small equivariant wave maps on rotationally symmetric manifolds  [PDF]
Piero D'Ancona,Qidi Zhang
Mathematics , 2015, DOI: 10.1093/imrn/rnv152
Abstract: We introduce a class of rotationally invariant manifolds, which we call \emph{admissible}, on which the wave flow satisfies smoothing and Strichartz estimates. We deduce the global existence of equivariant wave maps from admissible manifolds to general targets, for small initial data of critical regularity $H^{\frac n2}$. The class of admissible manifolds includes in particular asymptotically flat manifolds and perturbations of real hyperbolic spaces $\mathbb{H}^{n}$ for $n\ge3$.
Equivariant wave maps exterior to a ball  [PDF]
Piotr Bizoń,Tadeusz Chmaj,Maciej Maliborski
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0951-7715/25/5/1299
Abstract: We consider the exterior Cauchy-Dirichlet problem for equivariant wave maps from 3+1 dimensional Minkowski spacetime into the three-sphere. Using mixed analytical and numerical methods we show that, for a given topological degree of the map, all solutions starting from smooth finite energy initial data converge to the unique static solution (harmonic map). The asymptotics of this relaxation process is described in detail. We hope that our model will provide an attractive mathematical setting for gaining insight into dissipation-by-dispersion phenomena, in particular the soliton resolution conjecture.
Soliton resolution for equivariant wave maps to the sphere  [PDF]
Rapha?l C?te
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We consider finite energy corotationnal wave maps with target manifold $\m S^2$. We prove that for a sequence of times, they decompose as a sum of decoupled harmonic maps in the light cone, and a smooth wave map (in the blow case) or a linear scattering term (in the global case), up to an error which tends to 0 in the energy space.
Global Regularity for the 2+1 Dimensional Equivariant Einstein-Wave Map System  [PDF]
Lars Andersson,Nishanth Gudapati,Jeremie Szeftel
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we consider the equivariant 2+1 dimensional Einstein-wave map system and show that if the target satisfies the so called Grillakis condition, then global existence holds. In view of the fact that the 3+1 vacuum Einstein equations with a spacelike translational Killing field reduce to a 2+1 dimensional Einstein-wave map system with target the hyperbolic plane, which in particular satisfies the Grillakis condition, this work proves global existence for the equivariant class of such spacetimes.
Proper harmonic maps from hyperbolic Riemann surfaces into the Euclidean plane  [PDF]
Antonio Alarcon,Jose A. Galvez
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: Let $\Sigma$ be a compact Riemann surface and $D_1,...,D_n$ a finite number of pairwise disjoint closed disks of $\Sigma$. We prove the existence of a proper harmonic map into the Euclidean plane from a hyperbolic domain $\Omega$ containing $\Sigma\backslash\cup_{j=1}^n D_j$ and of its topological type. Here, $\Omega$ can be chosen as close as necessary to $\Sigma\backslash\cup_{j=1}^n D_j$. In particular, we obtain proper harmonic maps from the unit disk into the Euclidean plane, which disproves a conjecture posed by R. Schoen and S.T. Yau.
The Cauchy problem for wave maps on hyperbolic space in dimensions $d \geq 4$  [PDF]
Andrew Lawrie,Sung-Jin Oh,Sohrab Shahshahani
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We establish global well-posedness and scattering for wave maps from $d$-dimensional hyperbolic space into Riemannian manifolds of bounded geometry for initial data that is small in the critical Sobolev space for $d \geq 4$. The main theorem is proved using the moving frame approach introduced by Shatah and Struwe. However, rather than imposing the Coulomb gauge we formulate the wave maps problem in Tao's caloric gauge, which is constructed using the harmonic map heat flow. In this setting the caloric gauge has the remarkable property that the main `gauged' dynamic equations reduce to a system of nonlinear scalar wave equations on $\mathbb{H}^{d}$ that are amenable to Strichartz estimates rather than tensorial wave equations (which arise in other gauges such as the Coulomb gauge) for which useful dispersive estimates are not known. This last point makes the heat flow approach crucial in the context of wave maps on curved domains.
Stability of Spherically Symmetric Wave Maps  [PDF]
Joachim Krieger
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: We study Wave Maps from R^{2+1} to the hyperbolic plane with smooth compactly supported initial data which are close to smooth spherically symmetric ones with respect to some H^{1+\mu}, \mu>0. We show that such Wave Maps don't develop singularities and stay close to the Wave Map extending the spherically symmetric data with respect to all H^{1+\delta}, \delta<\mu_{0}(\mu). We obtain a similar result for Wave Maps whose initial data are close to geodesic ones. This generalizes a theorem of Sideris for this context.
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