Abstract:
Integral representations are obtained of positive additive functionals on finite products of the space of continuous functions (or of bounded Borel functions) on a compact Hausdorff space. These are shown to yield characterizations of the dual mixed volume, the fundamental concept in the dual Brunn-Minkowski theory. The characterizations are shown to be best possible in the sense that none of the assumptions can be omitted. The results obtained are in the spirit of a similar characterization of the mixed volume in the classical Brunn-Minkowski theory, obtained recently by Milman and Schneider, but the methods employed are completely different.

Abstract:
We prove that `volume cone implies metric cone' in the setting of RCD spaces, thus generalising to this class of spaces a well known result of Cheeger-Colding valid in Ricci-limit spaces.

Abstract:
We show that the cone-volume measure of a convex body with centroid at the origin satisfies the subspace concentration condition. This implies, among others, a conjectured best possible inequality for the $\mathrm{U}$-functional of a convex body. For both results we provide stronger versions in the sense of stability inequalities.

Abstract:
The cone-volume measure of a polytope with centroid at the origin is proved to satisfy the subspace concentration condition. As a consequence a conjectured (a dozen years ago) fundamental sharp affine isoperimetric inequality for the U-functional is completely established -- along with its equality conditions.

Abstract:
The matrix theory description of the discrete light cone quantization of $M$ theory on a $T^{2}$ is studied. In terms of its super Yang- Mills description, we identify symmetries of the equations of motion corresponding to independent rescalings of one of the world sheet light cone coordinates, which show how the $S$ duality of Type IIB string theory is realized as a Nahm-type transformation. In the $M$ theory description this corresponds to a simple $9-11$ flip.

Abstract:
We explicitly derive the duality between a free electronic Dirac cone and quantum electrodynamics in $(2+1)$ dimensions (QED$_3$) with $N = 1$ fermion flavors. The duality proceeds via an exact, non-local mapping from electrons to dual fermions with long-range interactions encoded by an emergent gauge field. This mapping allows us to construct parent Hamiltonians for exotic topological-insulator surface phases, derive the particle-hole-symmetric field theory of a half-filled Landau level, and nontrivially constrain QED$_3$ scaling dimensions. We similarly establish duality between bosonic topological insulator surfaces and $N = 2$ QED$_3$.

Abstract:
We compute a naturally defined measure of the size of the nef cone of a Del Pezzo surface. The resulting number appears in a conjecture of Manin on the asymptotic behavior of the number of rational points of bounded height on the surface. The nef cone volume of a Del Pezzo surface Y with (-2)-curves defined over an algebraically closed field is equal to the nef cone volume of a smooth Del Pezzo surface of the same degree divided by the order of the Weyl group of a simply-laced root system associated to the configuration of (-2)-curves on Y. When Y is defined over a non-closed field of characteristic 0, a similar result holds, except that the associated root system is no longer necessarily simply-laced.