Abstract:
This is the second in a series of papers that develops the theory of reflection monoids, motivated by the theory of reflection groups. Reflection monoids were first introduced in arXiv:0812.2789. In this paper we study their presentations as abstract monoids. Along the way we also find general presentations for certain join-semilattices (as monoids under join) which we interpret for two special classes of examples: the face lattices of convex polytopes and the geometric lattices, particularly the intersection lattices of hyperplane arrangements. Another spin-off is a general presentation for the Renner monoid of an algebraic monoid, which we illustrate in the special case of the "classical" algebraic monoids.

Abstract:
In this survey we show how well known results about the Word Problem for finite group presentations can be generalized to the Word Problem and other decision problems for non-necessarily finite monoid and group presentations. This is done by introducing functions playing the same role of the Dehn function for the given decision problem and by finding the Tietze transformations that leave this function invariant. This survey presents some original ideas and points of view.

Abstract:
We show that being finitely presentable and being finitely presentable with solvable word problem are quasi-isometry invariants of finitely generated left cancellative monoids. Our main tool is an elementary, but useful, geometric characterisation of finite presentability for left cancellative monoids. We also give examples to show that this characterisation does not extend to monoids in general, and indeed that properties such as solvable word problem are not isometry invariants for general monoids.

Abstract:
Let ${\cal I}_n$ be the symmetric inverse semigroup on $X_n = \{1, 2,..., n\}$ and let ${\cal DP}_n$ and ${\cal ODP}_n$ be its subsemigroups of partial isometries and of order-preserving partial isometries of $X_n$, respectively. In this paper we investigate the cycle structure of a partial isometry and characterize the Green's relations on ${\cal DP}_n$ and ${\cal ODP}_n$. We show that ${\cal ODP}_n$ is a $0-E-unitary$ inverse semigroup. We also investigate the cardinalities of some equivalences on ${\cal DP}_n$ and ${\cal ODP}_n$ which lead naturally to obtaining the order of the semigroups.

Abstract:
We study rewriting properties of the column presentation of plactic monoid for any semisimple Lie algebra such as termination and confluence. Littelmann described this presentation using L-S paths generators. Thanks to the shapes of tableaux, we show that this presentation is finite and convergent. We obtain as a corollary that plactic monoids for any semisimple Lie algebra satisfy homological finiteness properties.

Abstract:
We obtain presentations for the Brauer monoid, the partial analogue of the Brauer monoid, and for the greatest factorizable inverse submonoid of the dual symmetric inverse monoid. In all three cases we apply the same approach, based on the realization of all these monoids as Brauer-type monoids.

Abstract:
Let ${\cal I}_n$ be the symmetric inverse semigroup on $X_n = \{1, 2,..., n\}$ and let ${\cal DDP}_n$ and ${\cal ODDP}_n$ be its subsemigroups of order-decreasing partial isometries and of order-preserving order-decreasing partial isometries of $X_n$, respectively. In this paper we investigate the cycle structure of order-decreasing partial isometry and characterize the Green's relations on ${\cal DDP}_n$ and ${\cal ODDP}_n$. We show that ${\cal ODDP}_n$ is a $0-E-unitary$ ample semigroup. We also investigate the cardinalities of some equivalences on ${\cal DDP}_n$ and ${\cal ODDP}_n$ which lead naturally to obtaining the order of the semigroups.

Abstract:
We compute coherent presentations of Artin monoids, that is presentations by generators, relations, and relations between the relations. For that, we use methods of higher-dimensional rewriting that extend Squier's and Knuth-Bendix's completions into a homotopical completion-reduction, applied to Artin's and Garside's presentations. The main result of the paper states that the so-called Tits-Zamolodchikov 3-cells extend Artin's presentation into a coherent presentation. As a byproduct, we give a new constructive proof of a theorem of Deligne on the actions of an Artin monoid on a category.

Abstract:
We give presentations, in terms of generators and relations, for the monoids of singular braids on closed surfaces. The proof of the validity of these presentations can also be applied to verify, in a new way, the presentations given by Birman for the monoids of Singular Artin braids.

Abstract:
Let $\mathcal S$ be a semigroup of partial isometries acting on a complex, infinite-dimensional, separable Hilbert space. In this paper we seek criteria which will guarantee that the selfadjoint semigroup $\mathcal T$ generated by $\mathcal S$ consists of partial isometries as well. Amongst other things, we show that this is the case when the set of final projections of elements of $\mathcal S$ generates an abelian von Neumann algebra of uniform finite multiplicity.