Abstract:
We give a way to construct group of pseudo-automorphisms of rational varieties of any dimension that fix pointwise the image of a cubic hypersurface of $P^n. These group are free products of involutions, and most of their elements have dynamical degree >1. Moreover, the Picard group of the varieties obtained is not big, if the dimension is at least 3. We also answer a question of E. Bedford on the existence of birational maps of the plane that cannot be lifted to automorphisms of dynamical degree >1, even if we compose them with an automorphism of the plane.

Abstract:
Let X be a rational nonsingular compact connected real algebraic surface. Denote by Aut(X) the group of real algebraic automorphisms of X. We show that the group Aut(X) acts n-transitively on X, for all natural integers n. As an application we give a new and simpler proof of the fact that two rational nonsingular compact connected real algebraic surfaces are isomorphic if and only if they are homeomorphic as topological surfaces.

Abstract:
Let X be a singular real rational surface obtained from a smooth real rational surface by performing weighted blow-ups. Denote by Aut(X) the group of algebraic automorphisms of X into itself. Let n be a natural integer and let e=[e_1,...,e_l] be a partition of n. Denote by X^e the set of l-tuples (P_1,...,P_l) of distinct nonsingular curvilinear infinitely near points of X of orders (e_1,...,e_l). We show that the group Aut(X) acts transitively on X^e. This statement generalizes earlier work where the case of the trivial partition e=[1,...,1] was treated under the supplementary condition that X is nonsingular. As an application we classify singular real rational surfaces obtained from nonsingular surfaces by performing weighted blow-ups.

Abstract:
In this article, we prove that any complex smooth rational surface $X$ which has no automorphism of positive entropy has a finite number of real forms (this is especially the case if $X$ cannot be obtained by blowing up $\mathbb P^2_{\mathbb C}$ at $r\geq 10$ points). In particular, we prove that the group $\mathrm{Aut}^{\#}X$ of complex automorphisms of $X$ which act trivially on the Picard group of $X$ is a linear algebraic group defined over $\mathbb R$.

Abstract:
Jacobian conjectures (that nonsingular implies a global inverse) for rational everywhere defined maps of real n-space to itself are considered, with no requirement for a constant Jacobian determinant or a rational inverse. The birational case is proved and the Galois case clarified. Two known special cases of the Strong Real Jacobian Conjecture (SRJC) are generalized to the rational map context. For an invertible map, the associated extension of rational function fields must be of odd degree and must have no nontrivial automorphisms. That disqualifies the Pinchuk counter examples to the SRJC as candidates for invertibility.

Abstract:
The conjugacy problem for the pseudo-Anosov automorphisms of a compact surface is studied. To each pseudo-Anosov automorphism f, we assign an AF-algebra A(f) (an operator algebra). It is proved that the assignment is functorial, i.e. every f', conjugate to f, maps to an AF-algebra A(f'), which is stably isomorphic to A(f). The new invariants of the conjugacy of the pseudo-Anosov automorphisms are obtained from the known invariants of the stable isomorphisms of the AF-algebras. Namely, the main invariant is a triple (L, [I], K), where L is an order in the ring of integers in a real algebraic number field K and [I] an equivalence class of the ideals in L. The numerical invariants include the determinant D and the signature S, which we compute for the case of the Anosov automorphisms. A question concerning the p-adic invariants of the pseudo-Anosov automorphism is formulated.

Abstract:
Jacobian conjectures (that nonsingular implies invertible) for rational everywhere defined maps of real n-space to itself are considered, with no requirement for a constant Jacobian determinant or a rational inverse. The associated extension of rational function fields must be of odd degree and must have no nontrivial automorphisms. The extensions for the Pinchuk counterexamples to the strong real Jacobian conjecture have no nontrivial automorphisms, but are of degree six. The birational case is proved, the Galois case is clarified but the general case of odd degree remains open. However, certain topological conditions are shown to be sufficient. Reduction theorems to specialized forms are proved.

Abstract:
We characterize transversality, non-transversality properties on the moduli space of genus 0 stable maps to a rational projective surface. If a target space is equipped with a real structure, i.e, anti-holomorphic involution, then the results have real enumerative applications. Firstly, we can define a real version of Gromov-Witten invariants. Secondly, we can prove the invariance of Welschinger's invariant in algebraic geometric category.

Abstract:
A complex compact surface which carries an automorphism of positive topological entropy has been proved by Cantat to be either a torus, a K3 surface, an Enriques surface or a rational surface. Automorphisms of rational surfaces are quite mysterious and have been recently the object of intensive studies. In this paper, we construct several new examples of automorphisms of rational surfaces with positive topological entropy. We also explain how to define and to count parameters in families of birational maps of the complex projective plane and in families of rational surfaces.

Abstract:
There is a classical extension, of M\"obius automorphisms of the Riemann sphere into isometries of the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^3$, which is called the Poincar\'e extension. In this paper, we construct extensions of rational maps on the Riemann sphere over endomorphisms of $\mathbb{H}^3$ exploiting the fact that any holomorphic covering between Riemann surfaces is M\"obius for a suitable choice of coordinates. We show that these extensions define conformally natural homomorphisms on suitable subsemigroups of the semigroup of Blaschke maps. We extend the complex multiplication to a product in $\mathbb{H}^3$ that allows to construct a visual extension of any given rational map.