Abstract:
Let $\mathscr{A}$ be a small abelian category. For a closed subbifunctor $F$ of $\Ext_{\mathscr{A}}^{1}(-,-)$, Buan has generalized the construction of the Verdier's quotient category to get a relative derived category, where he localized with respect to $F$-acyclic complexes. In this paper, the homological properties of relative derived categories are discussed, and the relation with derived categories is given. For Artin algebras, using relatively derived categories, we give a relative version on derived equivalences induced by $F$-tilting complexes. We discuss the relationships between relative homological dimensions and relative derived equivalences.

Abstract:
Let $R$ be a Noetherian ring and let $C$ be a semidualizing $R$-module. In this paper, by using the semidualizing modules, we define and study new classes of modules and homological dimensions and investigate the relations between them. In parallel, we obtain some necessary and sufficient condition for $ C $ to be dualizing.

Abstract:
摘要： 证明了pdC(X)=pdC(Y)和fdD(X)=fdD(Y),其中X和C是两个左R-模类,D是一个右R-模类,Y={M|M是X-过滤的}。作为应用,计算了特殊环的(弱)Gorenstein整体维数。 Abstract: It is shown that pdC(X)=pdC(Y) and fdD(X)=fdD(Y), where X and C are two classes of left R-modules, D a class of right R-modules and Y={M|M is X-filtered}. As an application, the(weak)Gorenstein global dimensions of special rings are computed

Abstract:
We introduce relative homological and weakly homological categories, where ``relative'' refers to a distinguished class of normal epimorphisms. It is a generalization of homological categories, but also protomodular categories can be regarded as examples. We indicate that the relative versions of various homological lemmas can be proved in a relative homological category.

Abstract:
Using Morse theory and a new relative homological linking of pairs, we prove a ``homological linking principle'', thereby generalizing many well known results in critical point theory.

Abstract:
Two classes $\mathcal A$ and $\mathcal B$ of modules over a ring $R$ are said to form a cotorsion pair $(\mathcal A, \mathcal B)$ if $\mathcal A={\rm Ker Ext}^1_R(-,\mathcal B)$ and $\mathcal B={\rm Ker Ext}^1_R(\mathcal A,-)$. We investigate relative homological dimensions in cotorsion pairs. This can be applied to study the big and the little finitistic dimension of $R$. We show that $\Findim R<\infty$ if and only if the following dimensions are finite for some cotorsion pair $(\mathcal A, \mathcal B)$ in $\mathrm{Mod} R$: the relative projective dimension of $\A$ with respect to itself, and the $\mathcal A$-resolution dimension of the category $\mathcal P$ of all $R$-modules of finite projective dimension. Moreover, we obtain an analogous result for $\findim R$, and we characterize when $\Findim R=\findim R.$

Abstract:
We define homological dimensions for S-algebras, the generalized rings that arise in algebraic topology. We compute the homological dimensions of a number of examples, and establish some basic properties. The most difficult computation is the global dimension of real K-theory KO and its connective version ko at the prime 2. We show that the global dimension of KO is 1, 2, or 3, and the global dimension of ko is 4 or 5.

Abstract:
This is a survey on the relation between homological properties of the Frobenius endomorphism and finiteness of various homological dimensions of the ring or of modules over it, such as global dimension and projective dimension. We begin with Kunz's surprising result in 1969 that the regularity of a Noetherian local ring is equivalent to the flatness of its Frobenius endomorphism, as well as the subsequent generalizations to the module setting by Peskine and Szpiro and continue up through the recent flurry of results in the last five years. An attempt is made to include proofs whenever feasible.

Abstract:
In this paper we consider several homological dimensions of crossed products $A _{\alpha} ^{\sigma} G$, where $A$ is a left Noetherian ring and $G$ is a finite group. We revisit the induction and restriction functors in derived categories, generalizing a few classical results for separable extensions. The global dimension and finitistic dimension of $A ^{\sigma} _{\alpha} G$ are classified: global dimension of $A ^{\sigma} _{\alpha} G$ is either infinity or equal to that of $A$, and finitistic dimension of $A ^{\sigma} _{\alpha} G$ coincides with that of $A$. A criterion for skew group rings to have finite global dimensions is deduced. Under the hypothesis that $A$ is a semiprimary algebra containing a complete set of primitive orthogonal idempotents closed under the action of a Sylow $p$-subgroup $S \leqslant G$, we show that $A$ and $A _{\alpha} ^{\sigma} G$ share the same homological dimensions under extra assumptions, extending the main results of the author in some previous papers.

Abstract:
We obtain various characterizations of commutative Noetherian local rings $(R, \fm)$ in terms of homological dimensions of certain finitely generated modules. For example, we establish that $R$ is Gorenstein if the Gorenstein injective dimension of the maximal ideal $\fm$ of $R$ is finite. Furthermore we prove that $R$ must be regular if a single $\Ext_{R}^{n}(I,J)$ vanishes for some integrally closed $\fm$-primary ideals $I$ and $J$ of $R$ and for some integer $n\geq \dim(R)$. Along the way we observe that local rings that admit maximal Cohen-Macaulay Tor-rigid modules are Cohen-Macaulay.