Abstract:
We study development of singularities for the spherically symmetric Yang-Mills equations in $d+1$ dimensional Minkowski spacetime for $d=4$ (the critical dimension) and $d=5$ (the lowest supercritical dimension). Using combined numerical and analytical methods we show in both cases that generic solutions starting with sufficiently large initial data blow up in finite time. The mechanism of singularity formation depends on the dimension: in $d=5$ the blowup is exactly self-similar while in $d=4$ the blowup is only approximately self-similar and can be viewed as the adiabatic shrinking of the marginally stable static solution. The threshold for blowup and the connection with critical phenomena in the gravitational collapse (which motivated this research) are also briefly discussed.

Abstract:
We consider the Cauchy problem for an energy supercritical nonlinear wave equation that arises in $(1+5)$--dimensional Yang--Mills theory. A certain self--similar solution $W_0$ of this model is conjectured to act as an attractor for generic large data evolutions. Assuming mode stability of $W_0$, we prove a weak version of this conjecture, namely that the self--similar solution $W_0$ is (nonlinearly) stable. Phrased differently, we prove that mode stability of $W_0$ implies its nonlinear stability. The fact that this statement is not vacuous follows from careful numerical work by Bizo\'n and Chmaj that verifies the mode stability of $W_0$ beyond reasonable doubt.

Abstract:
We give a mathematically rigorous proof of Nekrasov's conjecture: the integration in the equivariant cohomology over the moduli spaces of instantons on $\mathbb R^4$ gives a deformation of the Seiberg-Witten prepotential for N=2 SUSY Yang-Mills theory. Through a study of moduli spaces on the blowup of $\mathbb R^4$, we derive a differential equation for the Nekrasov's partition function. It is a deformation of the equation for the Seiberg-Witten prepotential, found by Losev et al., and further studied by Gorsky et al.

Abstract:
We study singularity formation in spherically symmetric solutions of the charge-one and charge-two sector of the (2+1)-dimensional S^2 sigma-model and the (4+1)-dimensional Yang-Mills model, near the adiabatic limit. These equations are non-integrable, and so studies are performed numerically on rotationally symmetric solutions using an iterative finite differencing scheme that is numerically stable. We evaluate the accuracy of predictions made with the geodesic approximation. We find that the geodesic approximation is extremely accurate for the charge-two sigma-model and the Yang-Mills model, both of which exhibit fast blowup. The charge-one sigma-model exhibits slow blowup. There the geodesic approximation must be modified by applying an infrared cutoff that depends on initial conditions.

Abstract:
In this paper we show the existence of non minimal critical points of the Yang-Mills functional over a certain family of 4-manifolds with generic SU(2)-invariant metrics using Morse and homotopy theoretic methods. These manifolds are acted on fixed point freely by the Lie group SU(2) with quotient a compact Riemann surface of even genus. We use a version of invariant Morse theory for the Yang-Mills functional used by Parker and by Rade.

Abstract:
The Faddeev-Popov gauge fixing in Yang-Mills theory is interpreted as equivariant localization. It is shown that the Faddeev-Popov procedure amounts to a construction of a symplectic manifold with a Hamiltonian group action. The BRST cohomology is shown to be equivalent to the equivariant cohomology based on this symplectic manifold with Hamiltonian group action. The ghost operator is interpreted as a (pre)symplectic form and the gauge condition as the moment map corresponding to the Hamiltonian group action. This results in the identification of the gauge fixing action as a closed equivariant form, the sum of an equivariant symplectic form and a certain closed equivariant 4-form which ensures convergence. An almost complex structure compatible with the symplectic form is constructed. The equivariant localization principle is used to localize the path integrals onto the gauge slice. The Gribov problem is also discussed in the context of equivariant localization principle. As a simple illustration of the methods developed in the paper, the partition function of N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics is calculated by equivariant localization

Abstract:
Witten's observables of topological Yang-Mills theory, defined as classes of an equivariant cohomology, are reobtained as the BRST cohomology classes of a superspace version of the theory.

Abstract:
These are expository lectures reviewing (1) recent developments in two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory, and (2) the construction of topological field theory Lagrangians. Topological field theory is discussed from the point of view of infinite-dimensional differential geometry. We emphasize the unifying role of equivariant cohomology both as the underlying principle in the formulation of BRST transformation laws and as a central concept in the geometrical interpretation of topological field theory path integrals.

Abstract:
We exhibit stable finite time blow up regimes for the energy critical co-rotational Wave Map with the S^2 target in all homotopy classes and for the critical equivariant SO(4) Yang-Mills problem. We derive sharp asymptotics on the dynamics at the blow up time and prove quantization of the energy focused at the singularity.

Abstract:
In this paper we use formal asymptotic arguments to understand the stability proper- ties of equivariant solutions to the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert model for ferromagnets. We also analyze both the harmonic map heatflow and Schrodinger map flow limit cases. All asymptotic results are verified by detailed numerical experiments, as well as a robust topological argument. The key result of this paper is that blowup solutions to these problems are co-dimension one and hence both unstable and non-generic. Solutions permitted to deviate from radial symmetry remain global for all time but may, for suitable initial data, approach arbitrarily close to blowup. A careful asymptotic analysis of solutions near blowup shows that finite-time blowup corresponds to a saddle fixed point in a low dimensional dynamical system. Radial symmetry precludes motion anywhere but on the stable manifold towards blowup. A similar scenario emerges in the equivariant setting: blowup is unstable. To be more precise, blowup is co-dimension one both within the equivariant symmetry class and in the unrestricted class of initial data. The value of the parameter in the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation plays a very subdued role in the analysis of equivariant blowup, leading to identical blowup rates and spatial scales for all parameter values. One notable exception is the angle between solution in inner scale (which bubbles off) and outer scale (which remains), which does depend on parameter values. Analyzing near-blowup solutions, we find that in the inner scale these solution quickly rotate over an angle {\pi}. As a consequence, for the blowup solution it is natural to consider a continuation scenario after blowup where one immediately re-attaches a sphere (thus restoring the energy lost in blowup), yet rotated over an angle {\pi}. This continuation is natural since it leads to continuous dependence on initial data.