Abstract:
We study singularity categories through Gorenstein objects in triangulated categories and silting theory. Let ${\omega}$ be a semi-selforthogonal (or presilting) subcategory of a triangulated category $\mathcal{T}$. We introduce the notion of $\omega$-Gorenstein objects, which is far extended version of Gorenstein projective modules and Gorenstein injective modules in triangulated categories. We prove that the stable category $\underline{\mathcal{G}_{\omega}}$, where $\mathcal{G}_{\omega}$ is the subcategory of all ${\omega}$-Gorenstein objects, is a triangulated category and it is, under some conditions, triangle equivalent to the relative singularity category of $\mathcal{T}$ with respect to $\omega$.

Abstract:
We prove an equivalence of triangulated categories between Orlov's triangulated category of singularities for a Gorenstein cyclic quotient singularity and the derived category of representations of a quiver with relations which is obtained from the McKay quiver by removing one vertex and half of the arrows.

Abstract:
This paper introduces the notion of a stability condition on a triangulated category. The motivation comes from the study of Dirichlet branes in string theory, and especially from M.R. Douglas's notion of $\Pi$-stability. From a mathematical point of view, the most interesting feature of the definition is that the set of stability conditions $\Stab(\T)$ on a fixed category $\T$ has a natural topology, thus defining a new invariant of triangulated categories. After setting up the necessary definitions I prove a deformation result which shows that the space $\Stab(\T)$ with its natural topology is a manifold, possibly infinite-dimensional.

Abstract:
We show that an iteration of the procedure used to define the Gorenstein projective modules over a commutative ring $R$ yields exactly the Gorenstein projective modules. Specifically, given an exact sequence of Gorenstein projective $R$-modules $G=...\xra{\partial^G_2}G_1\xra{\partial^G_1}G_0\xra{\partial^G_0} ...$ such that the complexes $\Hom_R(G,H)$ and $\Hom_R(H,G)$ are exact for each Gorenstein projective $R$-module $H$, the module $\coker(\partial^G_1)$ is Gorenstein projective. The proof of this result hinges upon our analysis of Gorenstein subcategories of abelian categories.

Abstract:
The concept of a morphism determined by an object provides a method to construct or classify morphisms in a fixed category. We show that this works particularly well for triangulated categories having Serre duality. Another application of this concept arises from a reformulation of Freyd's generating hypothesis.

Abstract:
We introduce the Calabi-Yau (CY) objects in a Hom-finite Krull-Schmidt triangulated $k$-category, and notice that the structure of the minimal, consequently all the CY objects, can be described. The relation between indecomposable CY objects and Auslander-Reiten triangles is provided. Finally we classify all the CY modules of self-injective Nakayama algebras, determining this way the self-injective Nakayama algebras admitting indecomposable CY modules. In particular, this result recovers the algebras whose stable categories are Calabi-Yau, which have been obtained in [BS].

Abstract:
Lower bounds for the dimension of a triangulated category are provided. These bounds are applied to stable derived categories of Artin algebras and of commutative complete intersection local rings. As a consequence, one obtains bounds for the representation dimensions of certain Artin algebras.

Abstract:
Assume that $\mathcal{D}$ is a Krull-Schmidt, Hom-finite triangulated category with a Serre functor and a cluster-tilting object $T$. We introduce the notion of ghost-tilting objects, and $T[1]$-tilting objects in $\mathcal{D}$, which are a generalization of cluster-tilting objects. When $\mathcal{D}$ is $2$-Calabi-Yau, the ghost-tilting objects are cluster-tilting. Let $\Lambda={\rm End}^{op}_{\mathcal{D}}(T)$ be the endomorphism algebra of $T$. We show that there exists a bijection between $T[1]$-tilting objects in $\mathcal{D}$ and support $\tau$-tilting $\Lambda$-modules, which generalizes a result of Adachi-Iyama-Reiten [AIR]. We develop a basic theory on $T[1]$-tilting objects. In particular, we introduce a partial order on the set of $T[1]$-tilting objects and mutation of $T[1]$-tilting objects, which can be regarded as a generalization of `cluster-tilting mutation'. As an application, we give a partial answer to a question posed in [AIR].

Abstract:
We study the maximal rigid subcategories in $2-$CY triangulated categories and their endomorphism algebras. Cluster tilting subcategories are obviously maximal rigid; we prove that the converse is true if the $2-$CY triangulated categories admit a cluster tilting subcategory. As a generalization of a result of [KR], we prove that any maximal rigid subcategory is Gorenstein with Gorenstein dimension at most 1. Similar as cluster tilting subcategory, one can mutate maximal rigid subcategories at any indecomposable object. If two maximal rigid objects are reachable via mutations, then their endomorphism algebras have the same representation type.

Abstract:
Hom- and Riedtmann configurations were studied in the context of stable module categories of selfinjective algebras and a certain orbit category C of the bounded derived category of a Dynkin quiver, which is highly reminiscent of the cluster category. The category C is (-1)-Calabi-Yau. Holm and Jorgensen introduced a family of triangulated categories generated by $w$-spherical objects. When $w \geq 2$, these may be regarded as higher cluster categories of type A infinity. When $w \leq -1$, they are higher analogues of the orbit category C. In this paper, we classify the (higher) Hom- and Riedtmann configurations for these categories, and link them with noncrossing partitions in the case $w = -1$. Along the way, we obtain a new geometric model for the higher versions of the orbit category C.