Abstract:
In this paper we obtain sharp obstructions to the symplectic embedding of the lagrangian bidisk into four-dimensional balls, ellipsoids and symplectic polydisks. We prove, in fact, that the interior of the lagrangian bidisk is symplectomorphic to a concave toric domain using ideas that come from billiards on a round disk. In particular, we answer a question of Ostrover. We also obtain sharp obstructions to some embeddings of ellipsoids into the lagrangian bidisk.

Abstract:
We use a neck stretching argument for holomorphic curves to produce symplectic disks of small area and Maslov class with boundary on Lagrangian submanifolds of nonpositive curvature. Applications include the proof of Audin's conjecture on the Maslov class of Lagrangian tori in linear symplectic space, the construction of a new symplectic capacity, obstructions to Lagrangian embeddings into uniruled symplectic manifolds, a quantitative version of Arnold's chord conjecture, and estimates on the size of Weinstein neighbourhoods. The main technical ingredient is transversality for the relevant moduli spaces of punctured holomorphic curves with tangency conditions.

Abstract:
In the present paper we revisit the so-called Haldane limit, i.e. a particular continuum limit, which leads from a spin chain to a sigma model. We use the coherent state formulation of the path integral to reduce the problem to a semiclassical one, which leads us to the observation that the Haldane limit is closely related to a Lagrangian embedding into the classical phase space of the spin chain. Using this property, we find a spin chain whose limit produces a relativistic sigma model with target space the manifold of complete flags U(N)/U(1)^N. We discuss possible other future applications of Lagrangian/isotropic embeddings in this context.

Abstract:
In this paper, we study asymptotic behavior of projective embeddings of Kummer varieties given by theta functions, and their amoebas. We prove that a Lagrangian fibration of the Kummer variety can be approximated by moment maps of the projective spaces.

Abstract:
This paper introduces techniques of symplectic topology to the study of homoclinic orbits in Hamiltonian systems. The main result is a strong generalization of homoclinic existence results due to Sere and to Coti-Zelati, Ekeland and Sere, which were obtained by variational methods. Our existence result uses a modification of a construction due to Mohnke (originally in the context of Legendrian chords), and an energy--capacity inequality of Chekanov. In essence, we show the existence of a homoclinic orbit by showing a certain Lagrangian embedding cannot exist. We consider a (possibly time dependent) Hamiltonian system on an exact symplectic manifold (W, \omega = d \lambda) with a hyperbolic rest point. In the case of periodic time dependence, we show the existence of an orbit homoclinic to the rest point if \lambda(X_H) - H is positive and proper, H is positive outside a compact set and proper, and (W, \omega) admits the structure of a Weinstein domain. In the autonomous case, we establish the existence of an orbit homoclinic to the rest point if the critical level is of restricted contact-type, and the critical level has a Hamiltonian displaceable neighbourhood.

Abstract:
The general topic of the present paper is to study the conservation for some structural property of a given problem when discretising this problem. Precisely we are interested with Lagrangian or Hamiltonian structures and thus with variational problems attached to a least action principle. Considering a partial differential equation (PDE) deriving from such a variational principle, a natural question is to know whether this structure at the continuous level is preserved at the discrete level when discretising the PDE. To address this question a concept of \textit{coherence} is introduced. Both the differential equation (the PDE translating the least action principle) and the variational structure can be embedded at the discrete level. This provides two discrete embeddings for the original problem. In case these procedures finally provide the same discrete problem we will say that the discretisation is \textit{coherent}. Our purpose is illustrated with the Poisson problem. Coherence for discrete embeddings of Lagrangian structures is studied for various classical discretisations (finite elements, finite differences and finite volumes). Hamiltonian structures are shown to provide coherence between a discrete Hamiltonian structure and the discretisation of the mixed formulation of the PDE, both for mixed finite elements and mimetic finite differences methods.

Abstract:
For a given embedded Lagrangian in the complement of a complex hypersurface we show existence of a holomorphic disc in the complement having boundary on that Lagrangian.

Abstract:
A proof of non-existence of Lagrangian embeddings of the Klein bottle K in \CP^2 is given. We exploit the existence of a special embedding of K in a symplectic Lefschetz pencil on \CP^2 and study its monodromy. As the main technical tool, we develop the theory of mapping class groups, considered as quotients of special Artin braid groups, and obtain some new results about combinatorial structure of such groups.

Abstract:
In dimensions congruent to 1 modulo 4, we prove that the cotangent bundle of an exotic sphere which does not bound a parallelisable manifold is not symplectomorphic to the cotangent bundle of the standard sphere. More precisely, we prove that such an exotic sphere cannot embed as a Lagrangian in the cotangent bundle of the standard sphere. The main ingredients of the construction are (1) the fact that the graph of the Hopf fibration embeds the standard sphere, and hence any Lagrangian which embeds in its cotangent bundle, as a displaceable Lagrangian in the product a symplectic vector space of the appropriate dimension with its complex projective space, and (2) a moduli space of solutions to a perturbed Cauchy-Riemann equation introduced by Gromov.

Abstract:
By means of a Fourier-Mukai transform we embed moduli spaces of stable bundles on an algebraic curve C as isotropic subvarieties of moduli spaces of mu-stable bundles on the Jacobian variety J(C). When g(C)=2 this provides new examples of special Lagrangian submanifolds.