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Harmonic symmetrization of convex sets and of Finsler structures, with applications to Hilbert geometry  [PDF]
Athanase Papadopoulos,Marc Troyanov
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: David Hilbert discovered in 1895 an important metric that is canonically associated to any convex domain $\Omega$ in the Euclidean (or projective) space. This metric is known to be Finslerian, and the usual proof assumes a certain degree of smoothness of the boundary of $\Omega$ and refers to a theorem by Busemann and Mayer that produces the norm of a tangent vector from the distance function. In this paper, we develop a new approach for the study of the Hilbert metric where no differentiability is assumed. The approach exhibits the Hilbert metric on a domain as a symmetrization of a natural weak metric, known as the Funk metric. The Funk metric is described as a tautological weak Finsler metric, in which the unit ball at each tangent space is naturally identified with the domain $\Omega$ itself. The Hilbert metric is then identified with the reversible tautological weak Finsler structure on $\Omega$, and the unit ball at each point is described as the harmonic symmetrization of the unit ball of the Funk metric. Properties of the Hilbert metric then follow from general properties of harmonic symmetrizations of weak Finsler structures.
Joins for (Augmented) Simplicial Sets  [PDF]
P. J. Ehlers,T. Porter
Mathematics , 1999,
Abstract: We introduce a notion of join for (augmented) simplicial sets generalising the classical join of geometric simplicial complexes. The definition comes naturally from the ordinal sum on the base simplicial category $\Delta$.
Tits Geometry and Positive Curvature  [PDF]
Fuquan Fang,Karsten Grove,Gudlaugur Thorbergsson
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: There is a well known link between (maximal) polar representations and isotropy representations of symmetric spaces provided by Dadok. Moreover, the theory by Tits and Burns-Spatzier provides a link between irreducible symmetric spaces of non-compact type of rank at least three and irreducible topological spherical buildings of rank at least three. We discover and exploit a rich structure of a (connected) chamber system of finite (Coxeter) type M associated with any polar action of cohomogeneity at least two on any simply connected closed positively curved manifold. Although this chamber system is typically not a Tits geometry of type M, we prove that in all cases but two that its universal Tits cover indeed is a building. We construct a topology on this universal cover making it into a compact spherical building in the sense of Burns and Spatzier. Using this structure we classify up to equivariant diffeomorphism all polar actions on (simply connected) positively curved manifolds of cohomogeneity at least two.
The club of simplicial sets  [PDF]
Dennis Borisov
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: A club structure is defined on the category of simplicial sets. This club generalizes the operad of associative rings by adding "amalgamated" products.
On the Hilbert Geometry of products  [PDF]
Constantin Vernicos
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We prove that the Hilbert geometry of a product of convex sets is bi-lipschitz equivalent the direct product of their respective Hilbert geometries. We also prove that the volume entropy is additive with respect to product and that amenability of a product is equivalent to the amenability of each terms.
Separable morphisms of simplicial sets  [PDF]
Dimitri Chikhladze
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: We show that the class of separable morphisms in the sense of G. Janelidze and W. Tholen in the case of Galois structure of second order coverings of simplicial sets due to R. Brown and G. Janelidze coincides with the class of covering maps of simplicial sets.
Simplicial volume of Hilbert modular varieties  [PDF]
Clara Loeh,Roman Sauer
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: The simplicial volume introduced by Gromov provides a topologically accessible lower bound for the minimal volume. Lafont and Schmidt proved that the simplicial volume of closed, locally symmetric spaces of non-compact type is positive. In this paper, we present a generalization of this result to certain non-compact locally symmetric spaces of finite volume, to so-called Hilbert modular varieties. The key idea is to reduce the problem to the compact case by first relating the simplicial volume of these manifolds to the Lipschitz simplicial volume and then taking advantage of a proportionality principle for the Lipschitz simplicial volume. Moreover, using computations of Bucher-Karlsson for the simplicial volume of products of closed surfaces, we obtain the exact value of the simplicial volume of Hilbert modular surfaces.
Bruhat-Tits buildings and analytic geometry  [PDF]
Bertrand Remy,Amaury Thuillier,Annette Werner
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: This paper provides an overview of the theory of Bruhat-Tits buildings. Besides, we explain how Bruhat-Tits buildings can be realized inside Berkovich spaces. In this way, Berkovich analytic geometry canbe used to compactify buildings. We discuss in detail the example of the special linear group. Moreover, we give an intrinsic description of Bruhat-Tits buildings in the framework of non-Archimedean analytic geometry.
The geometry of blueprints. Part II: Tits-Weyl models of algebraic groups  [PDF]
Oliver Lorscheid
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: This paper is dedicated to a problem raised by Jacquet Tits in 1956: the Weyl group of a Chevalley group should find an interpretation as a group over what is nowadays called $\mathbb{F}_1$, \emph{the field with one element}. Based on Part I of The geometry of blueprints, we introduce the class of \emph{Tits morphisms} between blue schemes. The resulting \emph{Tits category} $\textup{Sch}_\mathcal{T}$ comes together with a base extension to (semiring) schemes and the so-called \emph{Weyl extension} to sets. We prove for $\mathcal{G}$ in a wide class of Chevalley groups---which includes the special and general linear groups, symplectic and special orthogonal groups, and all types of adjoint groups---that a linear representation of $\mathcal{G}$ defines a model $G$ in $\textup{Sch}_\mathcal{T}$ whose Weyl extension is the Weyl group $W$ of $\mathcal{G}$. We call such models \emph{Tits-Weyl models}. The potential of Tits-Weyl models lies in \textit{(a)} their intrinsic definition that is given by a linear representation; \textit{(b)} the (yet to be formulated) unified approach towards thick and thin geometries; and \textit{(c)} the extension of a Chevalley group to a functor on blueprints, which makes it, in particular, possible to consider Chevalley groups over semirings. This opens applications to idempotent analysis and tropical geometry.
Dendroidal sets and simplicial operads  [PDF]
Denis-Charles Cisinski,Ieke Moerdijk
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1112/jtopol/jtt006
Abstract: We establish a Quillen equivalence relating the homotopy theory of Segal operads and the homotopy theory of simplicial operads, from which we deduce that the homotopy coherent nerve functor is a right Quillen equivalence from the model category of simplicial operads to the model category structure for infinity-operads on the category of dendroidal sets. By slicing over the monoidal unit, this also gives the Quillen equivalence between Segal categories and simplicial categories proved by J. Bergner, as well as the Quillen equivalence between quasi-categories and simplicial categories proved by A. Joyal and J. Lurie. We also explain how this theory applies to the usual notion of operad (i.e. with a single colour) in the category of spaces.
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