Abstract:
Let R be a two-dimensional regular local ring having an algebraically closed residue field and let a be a complete ideal of finite colength in R. In this article we investigate the jumping numbers of a by means of the dual graph of the minimal log resolution of the pair (X,a). Our main result is a combinatorial criterium for a positive rational number to be a jumping number. In particular, we associate to each jumping number certain ordered tree structures on the dual graph.

Abstract:
In this article, we study the jumping numbers of an ideal in the local ring at rational singularity on a complex algebraic surface. By understanding the contributions of reduced divisors on a fixed resolution, we are able to present an algorithm for finding of the jumping numbers of the ideal. This shows, in particular, how to compute the jumping numbers of a plane curve from the numerical data of its minimal resolution. In addition, the jumping numbers of the maximal ideal at the singular point in a Du Val or toric surface singularity are computed, and applications to the smooth case are explored.

Abstract:
Given an ideal $a \subseteq R$ in a (log) $Q$-Gorenstein $F$-finite ring of characteristic $p > 0$, we study and provide a new perspective on the test ideal $\tau(R, a^t)$ for a real number $t > 0$. Generalizing a number of known results from the principal case, we show how to effectively compute the test ideal and also describe $\tau(R, a^t)$ using (regular) alterations with a formula analogous to that of multiplier ideals in characteristic zero. We further prove that the $F$-jumping numbers of $\tau(R, a^t)$ as $t$ varies are rational and have no limit points, including the important case where $R$ is a formal power series ring. Additionally, we obtain a global division theorem for test ideals related to results of Ein and Lazarsfeld from characteristic zero, and also recover a new proof of Skoda's theorem for test ideals which directly mimics the proof for multiplier ideals.

Abstract:
In the present article, we establish an equality condition in the restriction formula on jumping numbers by giving a sharp lower bound of the dimension of the support of a related coherent sheaf. As applications, we obtain equality conditions in the restriction formula on complex singularity exponents by giving the dimension, the regularity and the transversality of the support, and we also obtain some sharp equality conditions in the fundamental subadditivity property on complex singularity exponents. We also obtain two sharp relations on jumping numbers.

Abstract:
Suppose that $R$ is a ring essentially of finite type over a perfect field of characteristic $p > 0$ and that $a \subseteq R$ is an ideal. We prove that the set of $F$-jumping numbers of $\tau_b(R; a^t)$ has no limit points under the assumption that $R$ is normal and $Q$-Gorenstein -- we do \emph{not} assume that the $Q$-Gorenstein index is not divisible by $p$. Furthermore, we also show that the $F$-jumping numbers of $\tau_b(R; \Delta, a^t)$ are discrete under the more general assumption that $K_R + \Delta$ is $\bR$-Cartier.

Abstract:
For a simple complete ideal $\wp$ of a local ring at a closed point on a smooth complex algebraic surface, we introduce an algebraic object, named Poincar\'e series $P_{\wp}$, that gathers in an unified way the jumping numbers and the dimensions of the vector space quotients given by consecutive multiplier ideals attached to $\wp$. This paper is devoted to prove that $P_{\wp}$ is a rational function giving an explicit expression for it.

Abstract:
Let R be a two-dimensional regular local ring with maximal ideal \mathfrak m, and let \wp be a simple complete \mathfrak m-primary ideal which is residually rational. Let R_0:= R\subsetneqq ...\subsetneqq R_r be the quadratic sequence associated to \wp, let \Gamma_\wp be the value-semigroup associated to \wp, and let ((e_j(\wp))_{0\leq j\leq r} be the multiplicity sequence of \wp. We associate to \wp a sequence of natural integers, the formal characteristic sequence of \wp, and we show that the value-semigroup, the multiplicity sequence and the formal characteristic sequence are equivalent data. Furthermore, we give a new proof that \Gamma_\wp is symmetric, and give a formula for c_\wp, the conductor of \Gamma_\wp, in terms of entries of the Hamburger-Noether tableau of \wp.

Abstract:
We prove that the $F$-jumping numbers of the test ideal $\tau(X; \Delta, \ba^t)$ are discrete and rational under the assumptions that $X$ is a normal and $F$-finite variety over a field of positive characteristic $p$, $K_X+\Delta$ is $\bQ$-Cartier of index not divisible $p$, and either $X$ is essentially of finite type over a field or the sheaf of ideals $\ba$ is locally principal. This is the largest generality for which discreteness and rationality are known for the jumping numbers of multiplier ideals in characteristic zero.

Abstract:
Suppose $(X, \Delta)$ is a log-$\bQ$-Gorenstein pair. Recent work of M. Blickle and the first two authors gives a uniform description of the multiplier ideal $\mJ(X;\Delta)$ (in characteristic zero) and the test ideal $\tau(X;\Delta)$ (in characteristic $p > 0$) via regular alterations. While in general the alteration required depends heavily on $\Delta$, for a fixed Cartier divisor $D$ on $X$ it is straightforward to find a single alteration (e.g. a log resolution) computing $\mJ(X; \Delta + \lambda D)$ for all $\lambda \geq 0$. In this paper, we show the analogous statement in positive characteristic: there exists a single regular alteration computing $\tau(X; \Delta + \lambda D)$ for all $\lambda \geq 0$. Along the way, we also prove the discreteness and rationality for the $F$-jumping numbers of $\tau(X; \Delta+ \lambda D)$ for $\lambda \geq 0$ where the index of $K_X + \Delta$ is arbitrary (and may be divisible by the characteristic).

Abstract:
M. Saito recently proved that the jumping numbers of a hyperplane arrangement depend only on the combinatorics of the arrangement. However, a formula in terms of the combinatorial data was still missing. In this note, we give a formula and a different proof of the fact that the jumping numbers of a hyperplane arrangement depend only on the combinatorics. We also give a combinatorial formula for part of the Hodge spectrum and for the inner jumping multiplicities.