Abstract:
Chow, Li and Yi in [2] proved that the majority of the unperturbed tori {\it on sub-manifolds} will persist for standard Hamiltonian systems. Motivated by their work, in this paper, we study the persistence and tangent frequencies preservation of lower dimensional invariant tori on smooth sub-manifolds for real analytic, nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems. The surviving tori might be elliptic, hyperbolic, or of mixed type.

Abstract:
In this paper the problem of persistence of invariant tori under small perturbations of integrable Hamiltonian systems is considered. The existence of one-to-one correspondence between hyperbolic invariant tori and critical points of the function $\Psi$ of two variables defined on semi-cylinder is established. It is proved that if unperturbed Hamiltonian has a saddle point, then under arbitrary perturbations there persists at least one hyperbolic torus.

Abstract:
We generalize to some PDEs a theorem by Nekhoroshev on the persistence of invariant tori in Hamiltonian systems with $r$ integrals of motion and $n$ degrees of freedom, $r\leq n$. The result we get ensures the persistence of an $r$-parameter family of $r$-dimensional invariant tori. The parameters belong to a Cantor-like set. The proof is based on the Lyapunof-Schmidt decomposition and on the standard implicit function theorem. Some of the persistent tori are resonant. We also give an application to the nonlinear wave equation with periodic boundary conditions on a segment and to a system of coupled beam equations. In the first case we construct 2 dimensional tori, while in the second case we construct 3 dimensional tori.

Abstract:
For sufficient smooth nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems, an open dense set of perturbations has been constructed. And for a perturbation in this set the existence for families of lower-dimensional tori of hyperbolic, elliptic and mixed types has been proved.

Abstract:
We give a proof of a theorem by N.N. Nekhoroshev concerning Hamiltonian systems with $n$ degrees of freedom and $s$ integrals of motion in involution, where $1 \le s \le n$. Such a theorem ensures persistence of $s$-dimensional invariant tori under suitable nondegeneracy conditions generalizing Poincar\'e's condition on the Floquet multipliers.

Abstract:
We study the poset of Hamiltonian tori for polygon spaces. We determine some maximal elements and give examples where maximal Hamiltonian tori are not all of the same dimension.

Abstract:
One-dimensional generalized Boussinesq equation utt-uxx+(f(u)+uxx)xx=0 with periodic boundary condition is considered, where f(u)=u3. First, the above equation is written as a Hamiltonian system, and then by choosing the eigenfunctions of the linear operator as bases, the Hamiltonian system in the coordinates is expressed. Because of the intricate resonance between the tangential frequencies and normal frequencies, some quasi-periodic solutions with special structures are considered. Secondly, the regularity of the Hamiltonian vector field is verified and then the fourth-order terms are normalized. By the Birkhoff normal form, the non-degeneracy and non-resonance conditions are obtained. Applying the infinite dimensional Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser(KAM)theorem, the existence of finite dimensional invariant tori for the equivalent Hamiltonian system is proved. Hence many small-amplitude quasi-periodic solutions for the above equation are obtained.

Abstract:
We describe a new approach to the study of the set of all simple geodesics on a hyperbolic punctured torus. We introduce a valuation on the first integral homology group of the torus. This valuation associates to each homology class the length of the unique simple geodesic in it. We show that this valuation extends to a norm on the homology with real coefficients. We analyze the structure of this norm, and its variation over the moduli space of punctured tori. These results are applied to obtain sharp asymptotic estimates on the number of simple geodesics of bounded length..

Abstract:
We are concerned with the persistence of frequency of invariant tori for analytic integrable Hamiltonian system with quasiperiodic perturbation. It is proved that if the unperturbed system satisfies the Rüssmann's nondegeneracy condition and has nonzero Brouwer's topological degree at some Diophantine frequency; the perturbed system satisfies the colinked nonresonant condition, then the invariant torus with this frequency persists under quasiperiodic perturbation.