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Entanglement entropy of fermions in any dimension and the Widom conjecture  [PDF]
Dimitri Gioev,Israel Klich
Mathematics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.100503
Abstract: We show that entanglement entropy of free fermions scales faster then area law, as opposed to the scaling $L^{d-1}$ for the harmonic lattice, for example. We also suggest and provide evidence in support of an explicit formula for the entanglement entropy of free fermions in any dimension $d$, $S\sim c(\partial\Gamma,\partial\Omega)\cdot L^{d-1}\log L$ as the size of a subsystem $L\to\infty$, where $\partial\Gamma$ is the Fermi surface and $\partial\Omega$ is the boundary of the region in real space. The expression for the constant $c(\partial\Gamma,\partial\Omega)$ is based on a conjecture due to H. Widom. We prove that a similar expression holds for the particle number fluctuations and use it to prove a two sided estimates on the entropy $S$.
Quasi-classical asymptotics for pseudo-differential operators with discontinuous symbols: Widom's Conjecture  [PDF]
Alexander V. Sobolev
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: Relying on the known two-term quasiclassical asymptotic formula for the trace of the function $f(A)$ of a Wiener-Hopf type operator $A$ in dimension one, in 1982 H. Widom conjectured a multi-dimensional generalization of that formula for a pseudo-differential operator $A$ with a symbol $a(\bx, \bxi)$ having jump discontinuities in both variables. In 1990 he proved the conjecture for the special case when the jump in any of the two variables occurs on a hyperplane. The present paper gives a proof of Widom's Conjecture under the assumption that the symbol has jumps in both variables on arbitrary smooth bounded surfaces.
Wiener-Hopf operators in higher dimensions: the Widom conjecture for piece-wise smooth domains  [PDF]
A. V. Sobolev
Mathematics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s00020-014-2185-2
Abstract: We prove a two-term quasi-classical trace asymptotic formula for the functions of multi-dimensional Wiener-Hopf operators with discontinuous symbols. The discontinuities occur on the surfaces which are assumed to be piece-wise smooth. Such a two-term formula was conjectured by H. Widom in 1982, and proved by A. V Sobolev for smooth surfaces in 2009.
Tracy-Widom asymptotics for q-TASEP  [PDF]
Patrik L. Ferrari,Balint Veto
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: We consider the q-TASEP that is a q-deformation of the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) on Z for q in [0,1) where the jump rates depend on the gap to the next particle. For step initial condition, we prove that the current fluctuation of q-TASEP at time t are of order t^{1/3} and asymptotically distributed as the GUE Tracy-Widom distribution, which confirms the KPZ scaling theory conjecture.
On the Widom-Rowlinson Occupancy Fraction in Regular Graphs  [PDF]
Emma Cohen,Will Perkins,Prasad Tetali
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We consider the Widom-Rowlinson model of two types of interacting particles on d-regular graphs. We prove a tight upper bound on the occupancy fraction: the expected fraction of vertices occupied by a particle under a random configuration from the model. The upper bound is achieved uniquely by unions of complete graphs on d+1 vertices, $K_{d+1}$'s. As a corollary we find that $K_{d+1}$ also maximizes the normalized partition function of the Widom-Rowlinson model over the class of d-regular graphs. A special case of this shows that the normalized number of homomorphisms from any d-regular graph G to the graph $H_{WR}$, a path on three vertices with a self-loop on each vertex, is maximized by $K_{d+1}$. This proves a conjecture of Galvin.
From Gumbel to Tracy-Widom  [PDF]
Kurt Johansson
Mathematics , 2005,
Abstract: The Tracy-Widom distribution that has been much studied in recent years can be thought of as an extreme value distribution. We discuss interpolation between the classical extreme value distribution $\exp(-\exp(-x))$, the Gumbel distribution and the Tracy-Widom distribution. There is a family of determinantal processes whose edge behaviour interpolates between a Poisson process with density $\exp(-x)$ and the Airy kernel point process. This process can be obtained as a scaling limit of a grand canonical version of a random matrix model introduced by Moshe, Neuberger and Shapiro. We also consider the deformed GUE ensemble, $M=M_0+\sqrt{2S} V$, with $M_0$ diagobal with independent elements and $V$ from GUE. Here we do not see a transition from Tracy-Widom to Gumbel, but rather a transition from Tracy-Widom to Gaussian.
Widom-Rowlinson model (continuum and lattice)  [PDF]
L. Samaj
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: This is a short review about liquid-vapor and crystalline phase transitions in continuum and lattice Widom-Rowlinson models.
Discrete Tracy-Widom Operators  [PDF]
G. Blower,A. J. McCafferty
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: Integrable operators arise in random matrix theory, where they describe the asymptotic eigenvalue distribution of large self-adjoint random matrices from the generalized unitary ensembles. This paper considers discrete Tracy-Widom operators, and gives sufficient conditions for a discrete integrable operator to be the square of a Hankel matrix. Examples include the discrete Bessel kernel and kernels arising from the almost Mathieu equation and the Fourier transform of Mathieu's equation.
Deformations of the Tracy-Widom distribution  [PDF]
O. Bohigas,J. X. de Carvalho,M. P. Pato
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.79.031117
Abstract: In random matrix theory (RMT), the Tracy-Widom (TW) distribution describes the behavior of the largest eigenvalue. We consider here two models in which TW undergoes transformations. In the first one disorder is introduced in the Gaussian ensembles by superimposing an external source of randomness. A competition between TW and a normal (Gaussian) distribution results, depending on the spreading of the disorder. The second model consists in removing at random a fraction of (correlated) eigenvalues of a random matrix. The usual formalism of Fredholm determinants extends naturally. A continuous transition from TW to the Weilbull distribution, characteristc of extreme values of an uncorrelated sequence, is obtained.
Tracy-Widom limit of q-Hahn TASEP  [PDF]
Bálint Vet?
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We consider the q-Hahn TASEP which is a three-parameter family of discrete time interacting particle systems. The particles jump to the right independently according to a certain q-Binomial distribution with parallel updates. It is a generalization of the discrete time q-TASEP which is the q-deformed totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) on Z for q in [0,1). For step initial condition, we prove that the current fluctuation of q-Hahn TASEP at time t is of order $t^{1/3}$ and asymptotically distributed as the GUE Tracy-Widom distribution. We verify the KPZ scaling theory conjecture for the q-Hahn TASEP.
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