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Pairings of Sheaves of $\mathcal{A}$-Modules through Bilinear $\mathcal{A}$-Morphisms  [PDF]
A. Mallios,PP Ntumba
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: It is proved that for any free $\mathcal{A}$-modules $\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{E}$ of finite rank on some $\mathbb{C}$-algebraized space $(X, \mathcal{A})$ a \textit{degenerate} bilinear $\mathcal{A}$-morphism $\Phi: \mathcal{F}\times \mathcal{E}\longrightarrow \mathcal{A}$ induces a \textit{non-degenerate} bilinear $\mathcal{A}$-morphism $\bar{\Phi}: \mathcal{F}/\mathcal{E}^\perp\times \mathcal{E}/\mathcal{F}^\perp\longrightarrow \mathcal{A}$, where $\mathcal{E}^\perp$ and $\mathcal{F}^\perp$ are the \textit{orthogonal} sub-$\mathcal{A}$-modules associated with $\mathcal{E}$ and $\mathcal{F}$, respectively. This result generalizes the finite case of the classical result, which states that given two vector spaces $W$ and $V$, paired into a field $k$, the induced vector spaces $W/V^\perp$ and $V/W^\perp$ have the same dimension. Some related results are discussed as well.
On $\mathcal A$-Transvections and Symplectic $\mathcal A$-Modules  [PDF]
Patrice P. Ntumba
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper, building on prior joint work by Mallios and Ntumba, we show that $\mathcal A$-\textit{transvections} and \textit{singular symplectic }$\mathcal A$-\textit{automorphisms} of symplectic $\mathcal A$-modules of finite rank have properties similar to the ones enjoyed by their classical counterparts. The characterization of singular symplectic $\mathcal A$-automorphisms of symplectic $\mathcal A$-modules of finite rank is grounded on a newly introduced class of pairings of $\mathcal A$-modules: the \textit{orthogonally convenient pairings.} We also show that, given a symplectic $\mathcal A$-module $\mathcal E$ of finite rank, with $\mathcal A$ a \textit{PID-algebra sheaf}, any injective $\mathcal A$-morphism of a \textit{Lagrangian sub-$\mathcal A$-module} $\mathcal F$ of $\mathcal E$ into $\mathcal E$ may be extended to an $\mathcal A$-symplectomorphism of $\mathcal E$ such that its restriction on $\mathcal F$ equals the identity of $\mathcal F$. This result also holds in the more general case whereby the underlying free $\mathcal A$-module $\mathcal E$ is equipped with two symplectic $\mathcal A$-structures $\omega_0$ and $\omega_1$, but with $\mathcal F$ being Lagrangian with respect to both $\omega_0$ and $\omega_1$. The latter is the analog of the classical \textit{Witt's theorem} for symplectic $\mathcal A$-modules of finite rank.
Covers and Envelopes of $\mathcal{X}$-injective and $\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}$-projective modules  [PDF]
C. Selvaraj,A. Umamaheswaran,R. Udhayakumar
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the notions of $\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}$-projective, $\mathcal{X}$-injective and $\mathcal{X}$-flat modules and give their characterizations, where $\mathcal{X}$ is the class of left $R$-modules. We prove the class of all $\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}$-projective modules is Kaplansky and show the existence of $\widetilde{\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}}$-covers and $\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}$-envelopes over a $\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}$-hereditary ring $R.$ Moreover, we prove that decomposition of a $\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}$-projective module into a projective and a coreduced $\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}$-projective module over a self $\mathcal{X}$-injective and $\mathcal{U}_\mathcal{X}$-hereditary ring. Finally, we prove that every module has an $\mathcal{X}$-injective cover over a Noetherian ring $R,$ where $\mathcal{X}$ is the class of all pure projective modules.
Dwork families and $\mathcal{D}$-modules  [PDF]
Alberto Casta?o Domínguez
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: A Dwork family is a one-parameter monomial deformation of a Fermat hypersurface. In this paper we compute algebraically the invariant part of its Gauss-Manin cohomology under the action of certain subgroup of automorphisms. To achieve that goal we use the algebraic theory of $\mathcal{D}$-modules, especially one-dimensional hypergeometric ones.
Horseshoes for $\mathcal{C}^{1+α}$ mappings with hyperbolic measures  [PDF]
Yun Yang
Mathematics , 2014, DOI: 10.3934/dcds.2015.35.5133
Abstract: We present here a construction of horseshoes for any $\mathcal{C}^{1+\alpha}$ mapping $f$ preserving an ergodic hyperbolic measure $\mu$ with $h_{\mu}(f)>0$ and then deduce that the exponential growth rate of the number of periodic points for any $\mathcal{C}^{1+\alpha}$ mapping $f$ is greater than or equal to $h_{\mu}(f)$. We also prove that the exponential growth rate of the number of hyperbolic periodic points is equal to the hyperbolic entropy. The hyperbolic entropy means the entropy resulting from hyperbolic measures.
Symplectic Reduction of Sheaves of $\mathcal{A}$-modules  [PDF]
A. Mallios,P. P. Ntumba
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: Given an arbitrary sheaf $\mathcal{E}$ of $\mathcal{A}$-modules (or $\mathcal{A}$-module in short) on a topological space $X$, we define \textit{annihilator sheaves} of sub-$\mathcal{A}$-modules of $\mathcal{E}$ in a way similar to the classical case, and obtain thereafter the analog of the \textit{main theorem}, regarding classical annihilators in module theory, see Curtis[\cite{curtis}, pp. 240-242]. The familiar classical properties, satisfied by annihilator sheaves, allow us to set clearly the \textit{sheaf-theoretic version} of \textit{symplectic reduction}, which is the main goal in this paper.
Algebraic connections vs. Algebraic $\mathcal D$-modules: regularity conditions  [PDF]
Maurizio Cailotto,Luisa Fiorot
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: This paper is devoted to the comparison of the notions of regularity for algebraic connections and (holonomic) regularity for algebraic $\mathcal D$-modules.
Tempered solutions of $\mathcal D$-modules on complex curves and formal invariants  [PDF]
Giovanni Morando
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: Let $X$ be a complex analytic curve. In this paper we prove that the subanalytic sheaf of tempered holomorphic solutions of $\mathcal D_X$-modules induces a fully faithful functor on a subcategory of germs of formal holonomic $\mathcal D_X$-modules. Further, given a germ $\mathcal M$ of holonomic $\mathcal D_X$-module, we obtain some results linking the subanalytic sheaf of tempered solutions of $\mathcal M$ and the classical formal and analytic invariants of $\mathcal M$.
Kostant modules in blocks of category ${\mathcal O}_S$  [PDF]
Brian D. Boe,Markus Hunziker
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: In this paper the authors investigate infinite-dimensional representations $L$ in blocks of the relative (parabolic) category ${\mathcal O}_S$ for a complex simple Lie algebra, having the property that the cohomology of the nilradical with coefficients in $L$ ``looks like'' the cohomology with coefficients in a finite-dimensional module, as in Kostant's theorem. A complete classification of these ``Kostant modules'' in regular blocks for maximal parabolics in the simply laced types is given. A complete classification is also given in arbitrary (singular) blocks for Hermitian symmetric categories.
Two interesting examples of $\mathcal{D}$-modules in characteristic $p>0$  [PDF]
Mordechai Katzman,Gennady Lyubeznik,Wenliang Zhang
Mathematics , 2010, DOI: 10.1112/blms/bds035
Abstract: We provide two examples of $\mathcal{D}$-modules in prime characteristic $p$ which answer two open problems in \cite{Lyubeznik} in the negative.
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