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Stochastic perturbations of the Allen-Cahn equation  [cached]
Tony Shardlow
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 2000,
Abstract: Consider the Allen-Cahn equation with small diffusion $epsilon^2$ perturbed by a space time white noise of intensity $sigma$. In the limit, $sigma / epsilon^2 ightarrow 0$, solutions converge to the noise free problem in the $L_2$ norm. Under these conditions, asymptotic results for the evolution of phase boundaries in the deterministic setting are extended, to describe the behaviour of the stochastic Allen-Cahn PDE by a system of stochastic differential equations. Computations are described, which support the asymptotic derivation.
On the discretization in time of the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation  [PDF]
Mihály Kovács,Stig Larsson,Fredrik Lindgren
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: We consider the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation perturbed by smooth additive Gaussian noise in a spatial domain with smooth boundary in dimension $d\le 3$, and study the semidiscretisation in time of the equation by an Euler type split step method. We show that the method converges strongly with a rate $O(\Delta t^{\gamma}) $ for any $\gamma<\frac12$. By means of a perturbation argument, we also establish the strong convergence of the standard backward Euler scheme with the same rate.
Large deviation principle for a stochastic Allen-Cahn equation  [PDF]
Martin Heida,Matthias R?ger
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we consider the Allen-Cahn equation perturbed by a stochastic flux term and prove a large deviation principle. Using an associated stochastic flow of diffeomorphisms the equation can be transformed to a parabolic partial differential equation with random coefficients. We use this structure and first provide a large deviation principle for stochastic flows in function spaces with H\"older-continuity in time. Second, we use a continuity argument and deduce a large deviation principle for the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation.
On the short time asymptotic of the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation  [PDF]
Hendrik Weber
Mathematics , 2009, DOI: 10.1214/09-AIHP333
Abstract: A description of the short time behavior of solutions of the Allen-Cahn equation with a smoothened additive noise is presented. The key result is that in the sharp interface limit solutions move according to motion by mean curvature with an additional stochastic forcing. This extends a similar result of Funaki in spatial dimension $n=2$ to arbitrary dimensions.
On the backward Euler approximation of the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation  [PDF]
Mihály Kovács,Stig Larsson,Fredrik Lindgren
Mathematics , 2013, DOI: 10.1239/jap/1437658601
Abstract: We consider the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation perturbed by smooth additive Gaussian noise in a spatial domain with smooth boundary in dimension $d\le 3$, and study the semidiscretization in time of the equation by an implicit Euler method. We show that the method converges pathwise with a rate $O(\Delta t^{\gamma}) $ for any $\gamma<\frac12$. We also prove that the scheme converges uniformly in the strong $L^p$-sense but with no rate given.
Triviality of the 2D stochastic Allen-Cahn equation  [PDF]
Martin Hairer,Marc D. Ryser,Hendrik Weber
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We consider the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation driven by mollified space-time white noise. We show that, as the mollifier is removed, the solutions converge weakly to 0, independently of the initial condition. If the intensity of the noise simultaneously converges to 0 at a sufficiently fast rate, then the solutions converge to those of the deterministic equation. At the critical rate, the limiting solution is still deterministic, but it exhibits an additional damping term.
Existence and regularity of solution for a Stochastic Cahn-Hilliard/Allen-Cahn equation with unbounded noise diffusion  [PDF]
Dimitra C. Antonopoulou,Geogia Karali,Annie Millet
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: The Cahn-Hilliard/Allen-Cahn equation with noise is a simplified mean field model of stochastic microscopic dynamics associated with adsorption and desorption-spin flip mechanisms in the context of surface processes. For such an equation we consider a multiplicative space-time white noise with diffusion coefficient of sub-linear growth. Using technics from semigroup theory, we prove existence, and path regularity of stochastic solution depending on that of the initial condition. Our results are also valid for the stochastic Cahn-Hilliard equation with unbounded noise diffusion, for which previous results were established only in the framework of a bounded diffusion coefficient. We prove that the path regularity of stochastic solution depends on that of the initial condition, and are identical to those proved for the stochastic Cahn-Hilliard equation and a bounded noise diffusion coefficient. If the initial condition vanishes, they are strictly less than 2-d/2 in space and 1/2-d/8 in time. As expected from the theory of parabolic operators in the sense of Petrovski, the bi-Laplacian operator seems to be dominant in the combined model.
On the well-posedness of the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation in two dimensions  [PDF]
Marc D. Ryser,Nilima Nigam,Paul F. Tupper
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2011.12.002
Abstract: White noise-driven nonlinear stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs) of parabolic type are frequently used to model physical and biological systems in space dimensions d = 1,2,3. Whereas existence and uniqueness of weak solutions to these equations are well established in one dimension, the situation is different for d \geq 2. Despite their popularity in the applied sciences, higher dimensional versions of these SPDE models are generally assumed to be ill-posed by the mathematics community. We study this discrepancy on the specific example of the two dimensional Allen-Cahn equation driven by additive white noise. Since it is unclear how to define the notion of a weak solution to this equation, we regularize the noise and introduce a family of approximations. Based on heuristic arguments and numerical experiments, we conjecture that these approximations exhibit divergent behavior in the continuum limit. The results strongly suggest that a series of published numerical studies are problematic: shrinking the mesh size in these simulations does not lead to the recovery of a physically meaningful limit.
Finite Element Methods for the Stochastic Allen-Cahn Equation with Gradient-type Multiplicative Noises  [PDF]
Xiaobing Feng,Yukun Li,Yi Zhang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: This paper studies finite element approximations of the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation with gradient-type multiplicative noises that are white in time and correlated in space. The sharp interface limit as the parameter $\epsilon \rightarrow 0$ of the stochastic equation formally approximates a stochastic mean curvature flow which is described by a stochastically perturbed geometric law of the deterministic mean curvature flow. Both the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation and the stochastic mean curvature flow arise from materials science, fluid mechanics and cell biology applications. Two fully discrete finite element methods which are based on different time-stepping strategies for the nonlinear term are proposed. Strong convergence with sharp rates for both fully discrete finite element methods is proved. This is done with a crucial help of the H\"{o}lder continuity in time with respect to the spatial $L^2$-norm and $H^1$-seminorm for the strong solution of the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation, which are key technical lemmas proved in paper. It also relies on the fact that high moments of the strong solution are bounded in various spatial and temporal norms. Numerical experiments are provided to gauge the performance of the proposed fully discrete finite element methods and to study the interplay of the geometric evolution and gradient-type noises.
Generation and motion of interfaces in one-dimensional stochastic Allen-Cahn equation  [PDF]
Kai Lee
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we study a sharp interface limit for a stochastic reaction-diffusion equation. We consider the case that the noise is a space-time white noise multiplied by a small parameter and a smooth function which has a compact support. We show a generation of interfaces for one-dimensional stochastic Allen-Cahn equation with general initial values. We prove that interfaces are generated in a time of logarithmic order. After the generation of interfaces, we connect it to the motion of interfaces which was investigated by Funaki for special initial values.
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