Abstract:
We prove large deviation principles for two versions of fractional Poisson processes. Firstly we consider the main version which is a renewal process; we also present large deviation estimates for the ruin probabilities of an insurance model with constant premium rate, i.i.d. light tail claim sizes, and a fractional Poisson claim number process. We conclude with the alternative version where all the random variables are weighted Poisson distributed. Keywords: Mittag Le?er function; renewal process; random time cha

Abstract:
Large deviation principles are established for the two-parameter Poisson-Dirichlet distribution and two-parameter Dirichlet process when parameter $\theta$ approaches infinity. The motivation for these results is to understand the differences in terms of large deviations between the two-parameter models and their one-parameter counterparts. New insight is obtained about the role of the second parameter $\alpha$ through a comparison with the corresponding results for the one-parameter Poisson-Dirichlet distribution and Dirichlet process.

Abstract:
We investigate large deviations for the empirical measure of the forward and backward recurrence time processes associated with a classical renewal process with arbitrary waiting-time distribution. The Donsker-Varadhan theory cannot be applied in this case, and indeed it turns out that the large deviations rate functional differs from the one suggested by such a theory. In particular, a non-strictly convex and non-analytic rate functional is obtained.

Abstract:
Let $X^{(\delta)}$ be a Wishart process of dimension $\delta$, with values in the set of positive matrices of size $m$. We are interested in the large deviations for a family of matrix-valued processes $\{\delta^{-1} X_t^{(\delta)}, t \leq 1 \}$ as $\delta$ tends to infinity. The process $X^{(\delta)}$ is a solution of a stochastic differential equation with a degenerate diffusion coefficient. Our approach is based upon the introduction of exponential martingales. We give some applications to large deviations for functionals of the Wishart processes, for example the set of eigenvalues.

Abstract:
Markov processes restarted or reset at random times to a fixed state or region in space have been actively studied recently in connection with random searches, foraging, and population dynamics. Here we study the large deviations of time-additive functions or observables of Markov processes with resetting. By deriving a renewal formula linking generating functions with and without resetting we are able to obtain the rate function of such observables, characterizing the likelihood of their fluctuations in the long-time limit. We consider as an illustration the large deviations of the area of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process with resetting. Other applications involving diffusions, random walks, and jump processes with resetting or catastrophes are discussed.

Abstract:
Shot noise processes are used in applied probability to model a variety of physical systems in, for example, teletraffic theory, insurance and risk theory and in the engineering sciences. In this work we prove a large deviation principle for the sample-paths of a general class of multidimensional state-dependent Poisson shot noise processes. The result covers previously known large deviation results for one dimensional state-independent shot noise processes with light tails. We use the weak convergence approach to large deviations, which reduces the proof to establishing the appropriate convergence of certain controlled versions of the original processes together with relevant results on existence and uniqueness.

Abstract:
This paper is devoted to the problem of sample path large deviations for the Markov processes on R_+^N having a constant but different transition mechanism on each boundary set {x:x_i=0 for i\notin\Lambda, x_i>0 for i\in\Lambda}. The global sample path large deviation principle and an integral representation of the rate function are derived from local large deviation estimates. Our results complete the proof of Dupuis and Ellis of the sample path large deviation principle for Markov processes describing a general class of queueing networks.

Abstract:
We formulate the large deviations for a class of two scale chemical kinetic processes motivated from biological applications. The result is successfully applied to treat a genetic switching model with positive feedbacks. The corresponding Hamiltonian is convex with respect to the momentum variable as a by-product of the large deviation theory. This property ensures its superiority in the rare event simulations compared with the result obtained by formal WKB asymptotics. The result is of general interest to understand the large deviations for multiscale problems.

Abstract:
Simple models of irreversible dynamical processes such as Bootstrap Percolation have been successfully applied to describe cascade processes in a large variety of different contexts. However, the problem of analyzing non-typical trajectories, which can be crucial for the understanding of the out-of-equilibrium phenomena, is still considered to be intractable in most cases. Here we introduce an efficient method to find and analyze optimized trajectories of cascade processes. We show that for a wide class of irreversible dynamical rules, this problem can be solved efficiently on large-scale systems.

Abstract:
Hawkes process is a class of simple point processes that is self-exciting and has clustering effect. The intensity of this point process depends on its entire past history. It has wide applications in finance, neuroscience and many other fields. In this paper, we study the large deviations for nonlinear Hawkes processes. The large deviations for linear Hawkes processes has been studied by Bordenave and Torrisi. In this paper, we prove first a large deviation principle for a special class of nonlinear Hawkes processes, that is, a Markovian Hawkes process with nonlinear rate and exponential exciting function, and then generalize it to get the result for sum of exponentials exciting functions. We then provide an alternative proof for the large deviation principle for a linear Hawkes process. Finally, we use an approximation approach to prove the large deviation principle for a special class of nonlinear Hawkes processes with general exciting functions.