Abstract:
For a closed manifold equipped with a Riemannian metric, a triangulation, a representation of its fundamental group on an Hilbert module of finite type (over of finite von Neumann algebra), and a Hermitian structure on the flat bundle associated to the representation, one defines a numerical invariant, the relative torsion. The relative torsion is a positive real number and unlike the analytic torsion or the Reidemeister torsion, which are defined only when the pair manifold- representation is of determinant class, is always defined. When the pair is of determinant class the relative torsionis equal to the quotient of the analytic and the Reidemeister torsion.We calculate the relative torsion.

Abstract:
We consider module categories of path algebras of connected acyclic quivers. It is shown in this paper that the set of functorially finite torsion classes form a lattice if and only if the quiver is either Dynkin quiver of type A, D, E, or the quiver has exactly two vertices.

Abstract:
In this paper, we define finite type invariants for cyclic equivalence classes of nanophrases and construct the universal ones. Also, we identify the universal finite type invariant of degree 1 essentially with the linking matrix. It is known that extended Arnold's basic invariants to signed words are finite type invariants of degree 2, by Fujiwara. We give another proof of this result and show that those invariants do not provide the universal one of degree 2.

Abstract:
We address the problem of computing in the group of $\ell^k$-torsion rational points of the jacobian variety of algebraic curves over finite fields, with a view toward computing modular representations.

Abstract:
For a closed Riemannian manifold we extend the definition of analytic and Reidemeister torsion associated to an orthogonal representation of fundamental group on a Hilbert module of finite type over a finite von Neumann algebra. If the representation is of determinant class we prove, generalizing the Cheeger-M\"uller theorem, that the analytic and Reidemeister torsion are equal. In particular, this proves the conjecture that for closed Riemannian manifolds with positive Novikov-Shubin invariants, the L2 analytic and Reidemeister torsions are equal.

Abstract:
In this paper, some ?-classes of weighted conditional expectation type operators, such as A-class, ?-A-class and quasi-?-A classes on L2(?) are investigated. Also, the spectrum, point spectrum and spectral radius of these operators are computed.

Abstract:
In this paper, we prove Conjecture 4.8 of "Cluster algebras IV" by S. Fomin and A. Zelevinsky, stating that the mutation classes of rectangular matrices associated with cluster algebras of finite type are precisely those classes which are finite.

Abstract:
We introduce and analyze spaces and algebras of generalized functions which correspond to H\" older, Zygmund, and Sobolev spaces of functions. The main scope of the paper is the characterization of the regularity of distributions that are embedded into the corresponding space or algebra of generalized functions with finite type regularities.

Abstract:
Given a factor code $\pi$ from a shift of finite type $X$ onto a sofic shift $Y$, the class degree of $\pi$ is defined to be the minimal number of transition classes over points of $Y$. In this paper we investigate structure of transition classes and present several dynamical properties analogous to the properties of fibers of finite-to-one codes. As a corollary, we show that for an irreducible factor triple there cannot be a transition between two different transition classes over a right transitive point, answering a question raised by Quas.

Abstract:
In this paper we compare a torsion free sheaf $\FF$ on $\PP^N$ and the free vector bundle $\oplus_{i=1}^n\OPN(b_i)$ having same rank and splitting type. We show that the first one has always "less" global sections, while it has a higher second Chern class. In both cases bounds for the difference are found in terms of the maximal free subsheaves of $\FF$. As a consequence we obtain a direct, easy and more general proof of the "Horrocks' splitting criterion", also holding for torsion free sheaves, and lower bounds for the Chern classes $c_i(\FF(t))$ of twists of $\FF$, only depending on some numerical invariants of $\FF$. Especially, we prove for rank $n$ torsion free sheaves on $\PP^N$, whose splitting type has no gap (i.e. $b_i\geq b_{i+1}\geq b_i-1$ for every $i=1, ...,n-1$), the following formula for the discriminant: \[ \Delta(\FF):=2nc_2-(n-1)c_1^2\geq -{1/12}n^2(n^2-1)\] Finally in the case of rank $n$ reflexive sheaves we obtain polynomial upper bounds for the absolute value of the higher Chern classes $c_3(\FF(t)), ..., c_n(\FF(t))$, for the dimension of the cohomology modules $H^i\FF(t)$ and for the Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity of $\FF$; these polynomial bounds only depend only on $c_1(\FF)$, $c_2(\FF)$, the splitting type of $\FF$ and $t$.