Abstract:
Exponential decay of correlations for $\Co^{(4)}$ Contact Anosov flows is established. This implies, in particular, exponential decay of correlations for all smooth geodesic flows in strictly negative curvature.

Abstract:
This paper is about spectral properties of transfer operators for contact Anosov flows. The main result gives the essential spectral radius of the transfer operators acting on the so-called anisotropic Sobolev space exactly in terms of dynamical exponents. Also we provide a simplified proof by using the FBI transform.

Abstract:
The first half of this paper is concerned with the topology of the space $\AAA(M)$ of (not necessarily contact) Anosov vector fields on the unit tangent bundle $M$ of closed oriented hyperbolic surfaces $\Sigma$. We show that there are countably infinite connected components of $\AAA(M)$, each of which is not simply connected. In the second part, we study contact Anosov flows. We show in particular that the time changes of contact Anosov flows form a $C^1$-open subset of the space of the Anosov flows which leave a particular $C^\infty$ volume form invariant, if the ambiant manifold is a rational homology sphere.

Abstract:
We investigate certain natural connections between subriemannian geometry and hyperbolic dynamical systems. In particular, we study dynamically defined horizontal distributions which split into two integrable ones and ask: how is the energy of a subriemannian geodesic shared between its projections onto the integrable summands? We show that if the horizontal distribution is the sum of the strong stable and strong unstable distributions of a special type of a contact Anosov flow in three dimensions, then for any short enough subriemannian geodesic connecting points on the same orbit of the Anosov flow, the energy of the geodesic is shared \emph{equally} between its projections onto the stable and unstable bundles. The proof relies on a connection between the geodesic equations and the harmonic oscillator equation, and its explicit solution by the Jacobi elliptic functions. Using a different idea, we prove an analogous result in higher dimensions for the geodesic flow of a closed Riemannian manifold of constant negative curvature.

Abstract:
We classify quasiconformal Anosov flows whose strong stable and unstable distributions are at least two dimensional and the sum of these two distributions is smooth. We deduce from this classification result the complete classification of volume-preserving quasiconformal diffeomorphisms whose stable and unstable distributions are at least two dimensional. Our central idea is to take a good time change so that perodic orbits are equi-distributed with respect to a lebesgue measure.

Abstract:
For Anosov flows on compact Riemann manifolds we study the rate of decay along the flow of diameters of balls $B^s(x,\ep)$ on local stable manifolds at Lyapunov regular points $x$. We prove that this decay rate is similar for all sufficiently small values of $\epsilon > 0$. From this and the main result in \cite{kn:St1}, we derive strong spectral estimates for Ruelle transfer operators for contact Anosov flows with Lipschitz local stable holonomy maps. These apply in particular to geodesic flows on compact locally symmetric manifolds of strictly negative curvature. As is now well known, such spectral estimates have deep implications in some related areas, e.g. in studying analytic properties of Ruelle zeta functions and partial differential operators, asymptotics of closed orbit counting functions, etc.

Abstract:
We prove strong spectral estimates for Ruelle transfer operators for arbitrary $C^2$ contact Anosov flows in any dimension. For such flows some of the consequences of the main result are: (a) exponential decay of correlations for H\"older continuous observables with respect to any Gibbs measure; (b) existence of a non-zero analytic continuation of the Ruelle zeta function with a pole at the entropy in a vertical strip containing the entropy in its interior; (c) a Prime Orbit Theorem with an exponentially small error. All these results apply for example to geodesic flows on arbitrary compact Riemann manifolds of negative curvature.

Abstract:
If X is a contact Anosov vector field on a smooth compact manifold M and V is a smooth function on M, it is known that the differential operator A=-X+V has some discrete spectrum called Ruelle-Pollicott resonances in specific Sobolev spaces. We show that for |Im(z)| large the eigenvalues of A are restricted to vertical bands and in the gaps between the bands, the resolvent of A is bounded uniformly with respect to |Im(z)|. In each isolated band the density of eigenvalues is given by the Weyl law. In the first band, most of the eigenvalues concentrate of the vertical line Re(z)=< D >, the space average of the function D(x)=V(x)-1/2 div(X)/E_u where Eu is the unstable distribution. This band spectrum gives an asymptotic expansion for dynamical correlation functions.

Abstract:
In this article we analyze totally periodic pseudo-Anosov flows in graph three manifolds. This means that in each Seifert fibered piece of the torus decomposition, the free homotopy class of regular fibers has a finite power which is also a finite power of the free homotopy class of a closed orbit of the flow. We show that each such flow is topologically equivalent to one of the model pseudo-Anosov flows which we constructed in a previous article. A model pseudo-Anosov flow is obtained by glueing standard neighborhoods of Birkhoff annuli and perhaps doing Dehn surgery on certain orbits. We also show that two model flows on the same graph manifold are isotopically equivalent (ie. there is a isotopy of the manifold mapping the oriented orbits of the first flow to the oriented orbits of the second flow) if and only if they have the same topological and dynamical data in the collection of standard neighborhoods of the Birkhoff annuli.

Abstract:
A foliation is R-covered if the leaf space in the universal cover is homeomorphic to the real numbers. We show that, up to topological conjugacy, there are at most two pseudo-Anosov flows transverse to such a foliation. If there are two, then the foliation is weakly conjugate to the the stable foliation of an R-covered Anosov flow. The proof uses the universal circle to R-covered foliations.