Abstract:
This is a detailed version of the paper math.FA/0212273. The main motivation for this work was to find an explicit formula for a "Szego-regularized" determinant of a zeroth order pseudodifferential operator (PsDO) on a Zoll manifold. The idea of the Szego-regularization was suggested by V. Guillemin and K. Okikiolu. They have computed the second term in a Szego type expansion on a Zoll manifold of an arbitrary dimension. In the present work we compute the third asymptotic term in any dimension. In the case of dimension 2, our formula gives the above mentioned expression for the Szego-redularized determinant of a zeroth order PsDO. The proof uses a new combinatorial identity, which generalizes a formula due to G.A.Hunt and F.J.Dyson. This identity is related to the distribution of the maximum of a random walk with i.i.d. steps on the real line. The proof of this combinatorial identity together with historical remarks and a discussion of probabilistic and algebraic connections has been published separately.

Abstract:
We use the existence of localized eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on the Sierpinski gasket to formulate and prove analogues of the strong Szego limit theorem in this fractal setting. Furthermore, we recast some of our results in terms of equally distributed sequences.

Abstract:
We disprove a conjecture of Simon for higher-order Szego theorems for orthogonal polynomials on the unit circle and propose a modified version of the conjecture.

Abstract:
The first Szego limit theorem has been extended by Bump-Diaconis and Tracy-Widom to limits of other minors of Toeplitz matrices. We extend their results still further to allow more general measures and more general determinants. We also give a new extension to higher dimensions, which extends a theorem of Helson and Lowdenslager.

Abstract:
Let M be a real analytic Riemannian manifold. An adapted complex structure on $TM$ is a complex structure on a neighborhood of the zero section such that the leaves of the Riemann foliation are complex submanifolds. This structure is called entire if it may be extended to the whole of $TM$. We prove here that the only real analytic Zoll metric on the $n$-sphere with an entire adapted complex structure on $TM$ is the round sphere. Using similar ideas, we answer a special case of an algebraization question raised by the first author, characterizing some Stein manifolds as affine algebraic in terms of plurisubharmonic exhaustion functions satisfying the homogeneous complex Monge-Amp\`ere (HCMA) equation.

Abstract:
We compute the Szego kernel of the unit circle bundle of a negative line bundle dual to a regular quantum line bundle over a compact Kaehler manifold. As a corollary we provide an infinite family of smoothly bounded strictly pseudoconvex domains on complex manifolds (disk bundles over homogeneous Hodge manifolds) for which the log-terms in the Fefferman expansion of the Szego kernel vanish and which are not locally CR-equivalent to the sphere. We also give a proof of the fact that, for homogeneous Hodge manifolds, the existence of a locally spherical CR-structure on the unit circle bundle alone implies that the manifold is biholomorphic to a projective space. Our results generalize those obtained by M. Englis and G. Zhang for Hermitian symmetric spaces of compact type.

Abstract:
We prove the following higher-order Szego theorems: if a measure on the unit circle has absolutely continuous part $w(\theta)$ and Verblunsky coefficients $\alpha$ with square-summable variation, then for any positive integer $m$, $\int (1-\cos \theta)^m \log w(\theta) d\theta$ is finite if and only if $\alpha \in \ell^{2m+2}$. This is the first known equivalence result of this kind in the regime of very slow decay, i.e. with $\ell^p$ conditions with arbitrarily large $p$. The usual difficulty of controlling higher-order sum rules is avoided by a new test sequence approach.

Abstract:
Let $\mu$ be a non-trivial probability measure on the unit circle $\partial\bbD$, $w$ the density of its absolutely continuous part, $\alpha_n$ its Verblunsky coefficients, and $\Phi_n$ its monic orthogonal polynomials. In this paper we compute the coefficients of $\Phi_n$ in terms of the $\alpha_n$. If the function $\log w$ is in $L^1(d\theta)$, we do the same for its Fourier coefficients. As an application we prove that if $\alpha_n \in \ell^4$ and $Q(z) = \sum_{m=0}^N q_m z^m$ is a polynomial, then with $\bar Q(z) = \sum_{m=0}^N \bar q_m z^m$ and $S$ the left shift operator on sequences we have $|Q(e^{i\theta})|^2 \log w(\theta) \in L^1(d\theta)$ if and only if $\{\bar Q(S)\alpha\}_n \in \ell^2$. We also study relative ratio asymptotics of the reversed polynomials $\Phi_{n+1}^*(\mu)/\Phi_n^*(\mu)-\Phi_{n+1}^*(\nu)/\Phi_n^*(\nu)$ and provide a necessary and sufficient condition in terms of the Verblunsky coefficients of the measures $\mu$ and $\nu$ for this difference to converge to zero uniformly on compact subsets of $\bbD$.

Abstract:
We give simple proofs of the Davenport--Heilbronn theorems, which provide the main terms in the asymptotics for the number of cubic fields having bounded discriminant and for the number of 3-torsion elements in the class groups of quadratic fields having bounded discriminant. We also establish second main terms for these theorems, thus proving a conjecture of Roberts. Our arguments provide natural interpretations for the various constants appearing in these theorems in terms of local masses of cubic rings.

Abstract:
Three explicit families of spacelike Zoll surface admitting a Killing field are provided. It allows to prove the existence of spacelike Zoll surface not smoothly conformal to a cover of de Sitter space as well as the existence of Lorentzian M\"obius strips of non constant curvature all of whose spacelike geodesics are closed. Further the conformality problem for spacelike Zoll cylinders is studied.