Abstract:
This paper surveys our recent research on quantum information processing by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. We begin with a geometric introduction to the NMR of an ensemble of indistinguishable spins, and then show how this geometric interpretation is contained within an algebra of multispin product operators. This algebra is used throughout the rest of the paper to demonstrate that it provides a facile framework within which to study quantum information processing more generally. The implementation of quantum algorithms by NMR depends upon the availability of special kinds of mixed states, called pseudo-pure states, and we consider a number of different methods for preparing these states, along with analyses of how they scale with the number of spins. The quantum-mechanical nature of processes involving such macroscopic pseudo-pure states also is a matter of debate, and in order to discuss this issue in concrete terms we present the results of NMR experiments which constitute a macroscopic analogue Hardy's paradox. Finally, a detailed product operator description is given of recent NMR experiments which demonstrate a three-bit quantum error correcting code, using field gradients to implement a precisely-known decoherence model.

Abstract:
Complementary idempotent paravectors and their ordered compositions, are used to represent multivector basis elements of geometric Clifford algebra for 3D Euclidean space as the states of a geometric byte in a given frame of reference. Two layers of information, available in real numbers, are distinguished. The first layer is a continuous one. It is used to identify spatial orientations of similar geometric objects in the same computational basis. The second layer is a binary one. It is used to manipulate with 8D structure elements inside the computational basis itself. An oriented unit cube representation, rather than a matrix one, is used to visualize an inner structure of basis multivectors. Both layers of information are used to describe unitary operations -- reflections and rotations -- in Euclidian and Hilbert spaces. The results are compared with ones for quantum gates. Some consequences for quantum and classical information technologies are discussed.

Abstract:
Recent developments in quantum computation have made it clear that there is a lot more to computation than the conventional Boolean algebra. Is quantum computation the most general framework for processing information? Having gathered the courage to go beyond the traditional definitions, we are now in a position to answer: Certainly not. The meaning of a message being ``a collection of building blocks'' can be explored in a variety of situations. A generalised framework is proposed based on group theory, and it is illustrated with well-known physical examples. A systematic information theoretical approach is yet to be developed in many of these situations. Some directions for future development are pointed out.

Abstract:
As a result of the capabilities of quantum information, the science of quantum information processing is now a prospering, interdisciplinary field focused on better understanding the possibilities and limitations of the underlying theory, on developing new applications of quantum information and on physically realizing controllable quantum devices. The purpose of this primer is to provide an elementary introduction to quantum information processing, and then to briefly explain how we hope to exploit the advantages of quantum information. These two sections can be read independently. For reference, we have included a glossary of the main terms of quantum information.

Abstract:
We identify a universal factorization law in quantum information processing protocols such as the quantum teleportation, remote state preparation, Bell-non-locality violation and particularly dynamics of geometric quantum correlation measures. This factorization law shows that when the system traverses the local quantum channel, various figure of merits for different protocols demonstrate a universal factorization decay behavior for dynamics. We find a family of quantum states and the corresponding quantum channels where the factorization law is satisfied. This factorization law simplifies the assessment of many quantum tasks.

Abstract:
Deforming the algebraic structure of geometric algebra on the phase space with a Moyal product leads naturally to supersymmetric quantum mechanics in the star product formalism.

Abstract:
We investigate the utility of geometric (Clifford) algebras (GA) methods in two specific applications to quantum information science. First, using the multiparticle spacetime algebra (MSTA, the geometric algebra of a relativistic configuration space), we present an explicit algebraic description of one and two-qubit quantum states together with a MSTA characterization of one and two-qubit quantum computational gates. Second, using the above mentioned characterization and the GA description of the Lie algebras SO(3) and SU(2) based on the rotor group Spin+(3, 0) formalism, we reexamine Boykin's proof of universality of quantum gates. We conclude that the MSTA approach does lead to a useful conceptual unification where the complex qubit space and the complex space of unitary operators acting on them become united, with both being made just by multivectors in real space. Finally, the GA approach to rotations based on the rotor group does bring conceptual and computational advantages compared to standard vectorial and matricial approaches.

Abstract:
Short review article on quantum information processing accepted for Supplement III, Encyclopaedia of Mathematics (publication expected Summer 2001). See also http://www.wkap.nl/series.htm/ENM

Abstract:
Semiconductor quantum dots integrated with ultrafast spectroscopy technology are prime candidates for building scalable architectures for Quantum Information Processing. In this review paper we survey the current state of theoretical proposals concerning all-optical control of nanostructure qubits and their interactions. These schemes offer potential for ultrafast optical manipulation of quantum information in time scales within the coherence time.

Abstract:
We show how the basic operations of quantum computing can be expressed and manipulated in a clear and concise fashion using a multiparticle version of geometric (aka Clifford) algebra. This algebra encompasses the product operator formalism of NMR spectroscopy, and hence its notation leads directly to implementations of these operations via NMR pulse sequences.