Abstract:
We extend the construction of moment-angle complexes to simplicial posets by associating a certain T^m-space Z_S to an arbitrary simplicial poset S on m vertices. Face rings Z[S] of simplicial posets generalise those of simplicial complexes, and give rise to new classes of Gorenstein and Cohen--Macaulay rings. Our primary motivation is to study the face rings Z[S] by topological methods. The space Z_S has many important topological properties of the original moment-angle complex Z_K associated to a simplicial complex K. In particular, we prove that the integral cohomology algebra of Z_S is isomorphic to the Tor-algebra of the face ring Z[S]. This leads directly to a generalisation of Hochster's theorem, expressing the algebraic Betti numbers of the ring Z[S] in terms of the homology of full subposets in S. Finally, we estimate the total amount of homology of Z_S from below by proving the toral rank conjecture for the moment-angle complexes Z_S.

Abstract:
A simplicial complement P is a sequence of subsets of [m] and the simplicial complement P corresponds to a unique simplicial complex K with vertices in [m]. In this paper, we defined the homology of a simplicial complement $H_{i,\sigma}(\Lambda^{*,*}[P], d)$ over a principle ideal domain k and proved that $H_{*,*}(\Lambda[P], d)$ is isomorphic to the Tor of the corresponding face ring k(K) by the Taylor resolutions. As applications, we give methods to compute the ring structure of Tor_{*,*}^{k[x]}(k(K), k)$, $link_{K}\sigma$, $star_{K}\sigma$ and the cohomology of the generalized moment-angle complexes.

Abstract:
Associated to every finite simplicial complex $K$, there is a moment-angle complex $\mathcal {Z}_{K}$; $\mathcal {Z}_{K}$ is a compact manifold if and only if $|K|$ is a generalized homology sphere. The main goal of this article is to study the cohomology rings of moment-angle complexes associated to some special simplicial complexes. First, we give the cohomological transformation formulae of $\mathcal {Z}_{K}$ induced by some combinatorial operations on the base space $K$, such as the connected sum operation on Gorenstein* complexes and the stellar subdivisions on simplicial spheres. Second, we prove the indecomposable property of $\mathcal {Z}_{K}$ (i.e. $\mathcal {Z}_{K}$ is a prime manifold) when $K$ is a flag $2$-sphere by proving the indecomposable property of their cohomology rings. Then we use these results to solve the cohomological rigidity problem for some moment-angle manifolds and the $B$-rigidity problem for some simplicial spheres.

Abstract:
We consider an operation K \to L(K) on the set of simplicial complexes, which we call the "doubling operation". This combinatorial operation has been recently brought into toric topology by the work of Bahri, Bendersky, Cohen and Gitler on generalised moment-angle complexes (also known as K-powers). The crucial property of the doubling operation is that the moment-angle complex Z_K can be identified with the real moment-angle complex RZ_L(K) for the double L(K). As an application we prove the toral rank conjecture for Z_K by estimating the lower bound of the cohomology rank (with rational coefficients) of real moment-angle complexes RZ_K$. This paper extends the results of our previous work, where the doubling operation for polytopes was used to prove the toral rank conjecture for moment-angle manifolds.

Abstract:
Associated to every finite simplicial complex K there is a "moment-angle" finite CW-complex, Z_K; if K is a triangulation of a sphere, Z_K is a smooth, compact manifold. Building on work of Buchstaber, Panov, and Baskakov, we study the cohomology ring, the homotopy groups, and the triple Massey products of a moment-angle complex, relating these topological invariants to the algebraic combinatorics of the underlying simplicial complex. Applications to the study of non-formal manifolds and subspace arrangements are given.

Abstract:
This paper extends to finite cell complexes the classical enumerative combinatorics of graphs and their forests in generalized Kirchoff type theorems. Four types of combinatorial formulae are obtained involving summations over the resepctive notions introduced here for cell complexes which are forests, coforests, and two dual notions. Special cases of these formulae include counting spanning trees in cell complexes, for which some of the formulae are due to M. Catanzaro, V. Chernyak, and J. Klein. Combining together a relation of theirs to Reidemeister-Franz torsion with a second relation to this torsion introduced here yields a generalization to cell complexes of Trent's classical theorem on mesh matrices for graphs.

Abstract:
We consider the problem of describing the Pontryagin algebra (loop homology) of moment-angle complexes and manifolds. The moment-angle complex Z_K is a cell complex built of products of polydiscs and tori parametrised by simplices in a finite simplicial complex K. It has a natural torus action and plays an important role in toric topology. In the case when K is a triangulation of a sphere, Z_K is a topological manifold, which has interesting geometric structures. Generators of the Pontryagin algebra H_*(\Omega Z_K) when K is a flag complex have been described in the work of Grbic, Panov, Theriault and Wu. Describing relations is often a difficult problem, even when K has a few vertices. Here we describe these relations in the case when K is the boundary of a pentagon or a hexagon. In this case, it is known that Z_K is a connected sum of products of spheres with two spheres in each product. Therefore H_*(\Omega Z_K) is a one-relator algebra and we describe this one relation explicitly, therefore giving a new homotopy-theoretical proof of McGavran's result. An interesting feature of our relation is that it includes iterated Whitehead products which vanish under the Hurewicz homomorphism. Therefore, the form of this relation cannot be deduced solely from the result of McGavran.

Abstract:
We study the homotopy types of moment-angle complexes, or equivalently, of complements of coordinate subspace arrangements. The overall aim is to identify the simplicial complexes K for which the corresponding moment-angle complex Z_K has the homotopy type of a wedge of spheres or a connected sum of sphere products. When K is flag, we identify in algebraic and combinatorial terms those K for which Z_K is homotopy equivalent to a wedge of spheres, and give a combinatorial formula for the number of spheres in the wedge. This extends results of Berglund and Joellenbeck on Golod rings and homotopy theoretical results of the first and third authors. We also establish a connection between minimally non-Golod rings and moment-angle complexes Z_K which are homotopy equivalent to a connected sum of sphere products. We go on to show that for any flag complex K the loop spaces of Z_K and DJ(K) are homotopy equivalent to a product of spheres and loops on spheres when localised rationally or at any odd prime.

Abstract:
These are notes of the lectures given during the Toric Topology Workshop at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology in February 2010. We describe several approaches to moment-angle manifolds and complexes, including the intersections of quadrics, complements of subspace arrangements and level sets of moment maps. We overview the known results on the topology of moment-angle complexes, including the description of their cohomology rings, as well as the homotopy and diffeomorphism types in some particular cases. We also discuss complex-analytic structures on moment-angle manifolds and methods for calculating invariants of these structures.

Abstract:
The moment-angle complex Z_K is cell complex with a torus action constructed from a finite simplicial complex K. When this construction is applied to a triangulated sphere K or, in particular, to the boundary of a simplicial polytope, the result is a manifold. Moment-angle manifolds and complexes are central objects in toric topology, and currently are gaining much interest in homotopy theory, complex and symplectic geometry. The geometric aspects of the theory of moment-angle complexes are the main theme of this survey. We review constructions of non-Kahler complex-analytic structures on moment-angle manifolds corresponding to polytopes and complete simplicial fans, and describe invariants of these structures, such as the Hodge numbers and Dolbeault cohomology rings. Symplectic and Lagrangian aspects of the theory are also of considerable interest. Moment-angle manifolds appear as level sets for quadratic Hamiltonians of torus actions, and can be used to construct new families of Hamiltonian-minimal Lagrangian submanifolds in a complex space, complex projective space or toric varieties.