Abstract:
In this paper we define the formal and tempered Deligne cohomology groups, that are obtained by applying the Deligne complex functor to the complexes of formal differential forms and tempered currents respectively. We then prove the existence of a duality between them, a vanishing theorem for the former and a semipurity property for the latter. The motivation of these results comes from the study of covariant arithmetic Chow groups. The semi-purity property of tempered Deligne cohomology implies, in particular, that several definitions of covariant arithmetic Chow groups agree for projective arithmetic varieties.

Abstract:
Let T be a positive plurisubharmonic current of bidimension (p,p) and let $\delta>0$. Assume that the Lelong number of T satisfies $\nu(T,a)\geq \delta$ on a dense subset of supp(T) (rectifiable currents satisfy this condition). Then $T=\phi[X]$, where X is a complex subvariety of pure dimension p and $\phi$ is a weakly plurisubharmonic function on X. We have an analogous result for plurisuperharmonic currents. We also introduce and study a notion of polynomial p-hull.

Abstract:
Let $F$ be a polynomial mappping from $\mathbb{C}^n$ to $\mathbb{C}^q$ with $n>q$. We study the De Rham cohomology of its fibres and its relative cohomology groups, by introducing a special fibre $F^{-1}(\infty)$ "at infinity" and its cohomology. Let us fix a weighted homogeneous degree on $\mathbb{C}[x_1,...,x_n]$ with strictly positive weights. The fibre at infinity is the zero set of the leading terms of the coordinate functions of $F$. We introduce the cohomology groups $H^k(F^{-1}(\infty))$ of $F$ at infinity. These groups enable us to compute all the other cohomology groups of $F$. For instance, if the fibre at infinity has an isolated singularity at the origin, we prove that every weighted homogeneous basis of $H^{n-q}(F^{-1}(\infty))$ is a basis of all the groups $H^{n-q}(F^{-1}(y))$ and also a basis a the $(n-q)^{th}$ relative cohomology group of $F$. Moreover the dimension of $H^{n-q}(F^{-1}(\infty))$ is given by a global Milnor number of $F$, which only depends on the leading terms of the coordinate functions of $F$.

Abstract:
We study conserved currents of any integer or half integer spin built from massless scalar and spinor fields in $AdS_3$. 2-forms dual to the conserved currents in $AdS_3$ are shown to be exact in the class of infinite expansions in higher derivatives of the matter fields with the coefficients containing inverse powers of the cosmological constant. This property has no analog in the flat space and may be related to the holography of the AdS spaces. `Improvements' to the physical currents are described as the trivial local current cohomology class. A complex of spin $s$ currents $(T^s, {\cal D})$ is defined and the cohomology group $H^1(T^s, {\cal D}) = {\bf C}^{2s+1}$ is found. This paper is an extended version of hep-th/9906149.

Abstract:
Given a simply connected space $X$ with the cohomology $H^*(X;{\mathbb Z}_2)$ to be polynomial, we calculate the loop cohomology algebra $H^*(\Omega X;{\mathbb Z}_2)$ by means of the action of the Steenrod cohomology operation $Sq_1$ on $H^*(X;{\mathbb Z}_2).$ As a consequence we obtain that $H^*(\Omega X;{\mathbb Z}_2)$ is the exterior algebra if and only if $Sq_1$ is multiplicatively decomposable on $H^{\ast}(X;{\mathbb Z}_2).$ The last statement in fact contains a converse of a theorem of A. Borel.

Abstract:
Let $X$ be a projective manifold. Let $Y_1,...,Y_{p+1}$ be $p+1$ ample hypersurfaces in complete intersection position on $X$, each defined by the global section of an ample Cartier divisor. We show in this note that for $i\le p+1$, the cohomology groups $H^i(\Omega^q)$ can be computed as the $i-$th cohomology groups of some complex of global sections of locally residual currents on $X$. We could also compute the cohomology of the subsheaves ${\tilde\Omega}^q\subset \Omega^q$ of $\partial-$closed holomorphic forms by the corresponding subsheaves of $\partial-$closed locally residual currents. We deduce like this that any cohomology class of bidegree $(i,i)$ has an element which is a $d-$closed locally residual current with support in $Y_1\cap >...\cap Y_i$. We also show that any locally residual current $T$ of bidegree $(q,i-1)$ with support in $Y_1\cap ... Y_{i-1}$ can be written as a global residue $T=Res_{Y_1,...,Y_{i-1}}{\Psi}$ of some meromorphic form with pole in $Y_1\cup...\cup Y_{i}$. We can avoid $Y_{i}$ iff the current in $\bar\partial-$exact; we deduce as corollaries a theorem of Hererra-Dickenstein-Sessa. We give as a conclusion a new formulation of the Hodge conjecture.

Abstract:
Nekovar and Niziol have introduced in [arxiv:1309.7620] a version of syntomic cohomology valid for arbitrary varieties over p-adic fields. This uses a mapping cone construction similar to the rigid syntomic cohomology of the first author in the good-reduction case, but with Hyodo--Kato (log-crystalline) cohomology in place of rigid cohomology. In this short note, we describe a cohomology theory which is a modification of the theory of Nekovar and Niziol, modified by replacing 1 - Phi (where Phi is the Frobenius map) with other polynomials in Phi. This is the analogue for general varieties of the finite-polynomial cohomology defined by the first author for varieties with good reduction. We use this cohomology theory to give formulae for p-adic regulator maps on curves or products of curves, without imposing any good reduction hypotheses.

Abstract:
Let $X$ be a smooth proper variety of even dimension $d$ over a finite field. We establish a restriction on the value at $(-1)$ of the characteristic polynomial of the Frobenius on the middle-dimensional \'etale cohomology of $X$ with coefficients in ${\mathbb Q}_l(d/2)$.

Abstract:
We consider the dynamics of a meromorphic map on a compact kahler surface whose topological degree is smaller than its first dynamical degree. The latter quantity is the exponential rate at which its iterates expand the cohomology class of a kahler form. Our goal in this article and its sequels is to carry out a conjectural program for constructing and analyzing a natural measure of maximal entropy for each such map. Here we take the first step, converting information about the linear action of the map on cohomology to invariant currents with special geometric structure. We also give some examples and identify some additional properties of maps on irrational surfaces and of maps whose invariant cohomology classes have vanishing self-intersection.