Abstract:
We study natural cluster structures in the rings of regular functions on simple complex Lie groups and Poisson-Lie structures compatible with these cluster structures. According to our main conjecture, each class in the Belavin-Drinfeld classification of Poisson-Lie structures on $\G$ corresponds to a cluster structure in $\O(\G)$. We have shown before that this conjecture holds for any $\G$ in the case of the standard Poisson--Lie structure and for all Belavin-Drinfeld classes in $SL_n$, $n<5$. In this paper we establish it for the Cremmer-Gervais Poisson-Lie structure on $SL_n$, which is the least similar to the standard one. Besides, we prove that on $SL_3$ the cluster algebra and the upper cluster algebra corresponding to the Cremmer-Gervais cluster structure do not coincide, unlike the case of the standard cluster structure. Finally, we show that the positive locus with respect to the Cremmer-Gervais cluster structure is contained in the set of totally positive matrices.

Abstract:
This is the second paper in the series of papers dedicated to the study of natural cluster structures in the rings of regular functions on simple complex Lie groups and Poisson-Lie structures compatible with these cluster structures. According to our main conjecture, each class in the Belavin-Drinfeld classification of Poisson-Lie structures on $\G$ corresponds to a cluster structure in $\O(\G)$. We have shown before that this conjecture holds for any $\G$ in the case of the standard Poisson-Lie structure and for all Belavin-Drinfeld classes in $SL_n$, $n<5$. In this paper we establish it for the Cremmer-Gervais Poisson-Lie structure on $SL_n$, which is the least similar to the standard one.

Abstract:
We obtain explicit formulas for the semi-classical twists deforming the coalgebraic structure of U(sl(3)) and U(sl(4)). In rank 2 and 3 the corresponding universal R-matrices quantize the boundary r-matrices of Cremmer-Gervais type defining Lie Frobenius structures on the maximal parabolic subalgebras in sl(n).

Abstract:
We give an intepretation of the Cremmer-Gervais r-matrices for sl(n) in terms of actions of elements in the rational and trigonometric Cherednik algebras of type GL2 on certain subspaces of their polynomial representations. This is used to compute the nilpotency index of the Jordanian r-matrices, thus answering a question of Gerstenhaber and Giaquinto. We also give an interpretation of the Cremmer-Gervais quantization in terms of the corresponding double affine Hecke algebra.

Abstract:
We consider the reflection equation of the N=3 Cremmer-Gervais R-matrix. The reflection equation is shown to be equivalent to 38 equations which do not depend on the parameter of the R-matrix, q. Solving those 38 equations. the solution space is found to be the union of two types of spaces, each of which is parametrized by the algebraic variety $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{C}) \times \mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{C}) \times \mathbb{P}^2(\mathbb{C})$ and $ \mathbb{C} \times \mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{C}) \times \mathbb{P}^2(\mathbb{C})$.

Abstract:
The generalized Cremmer-Gervais R-matrix being a twist of the standard R-matrix of $SL_q(3)$, depends on two extra parameters. Properties of this R-matrix are discussed and two dynamical systems, the quantum group covariant $q$-oscillator and an integrable spin chain with a non-hermitian Hamiltonian, are constructed.

Abstract:
We describe a quantum Lie algebra based on the Cremmer-Gervais R-matrix. The algebra arises upon a restriction of an infinite-dimensional quantum Lie algebra.

Abstract:
Given an arbitrary field $\mathbb{F}$ of characteristic 0, we study Lie bialgebra structures on $sl(n,\mathbb{F})$, based on the description of the corresponding classical double. For any Lie bialgebra structure $\delta$, the classical double $D(sl(n,\mathbb{F}),\delta)$ is isomorphic to $sl(n,\mathbb{F})\otimes_{\mathbb{F}} A$, where $A$ is either $\mathbb{F}[\varepsilon]$, with $\varepsilon^{2}=0$, or $\mathbb{F}\oplus \mathbb{F}$ or a quadratic field extension of $\mathbb{F}$. In the first case, the classification leads to quasi-Frobenius Lie subalgebras of $sl(n,\mathbb{F})$. In the second and third cases, a Belavin--Drinfeld cohomology can be introduced which enables one to classify Lie bialgebras on $sl(n,\mathbb{F})$, up to gauge equivalence. The Belavin--Drinfeld untwisted and twisted cohomology sets associated to an $r$-matrix are computed. For the Cremmer--Gervais $r$-matrix in $sl(3)$, we also construct a natural map of sets between the total Belavin--Drinfeld twisted cohomology set and the Brauer group of the field $\mathbb{F}$.

Abstract:
The coefficients of certain operators on $V\otimes V$ can be constructed using generating functions. Necessary and sufficient conditions are given for some such operators to satisfy the Yang-Baxter equation. As a corollary we obtain a simple, direct proof that the Cremmer-Gervais R-matrices satisfy the Yang-Baxter equation. This approach also clarifies Cremmer and Gervais's original proof via the dynamical Yang-Baxter equation.