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Decentralized Event-Triggered Consensus of Linear Multi-agent Systems under Directed Graphs  [PDF]
Eloy Garcia,Yongcan Cao,Xiaofeng Wang,David W. Casbeer
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: An event-triggered control technique for consensus of multi-agent systems with general linear dynamics is presented. This paper extends previous work to consider agents that are connected using directed graphs. Additionally, the approach shown here provides asymptotic consensus with guaranteed positive inter-event time intervals. This event-triggered control method is also used in the case where communication delays are present. For the communication delay case we also show that the agents achieve consensus asymptotically and that, for every agent, the time intervals between consecutive transmissions is lower-bounded by a positive constant.
Asynchronous Decentralized Event-triggered Control  [PDF]
Manuel Mazo Jr,Ming Cao
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper we propose an approach to the implementation of controllers with decentralized strategies triggering controller updates. We consider set-ups with a central node in charge of the computation of the control commands, and a set of not co-located sensors providing measurements to the controller node. The solution we propose does not require measurements from the sensors to be synchronized in time. The sensors in our proposal provide measurements in an aperiodic way triggered by local conditions. Furthermore, in the proposed implementation (most of) the communication between nodes requires only the exchange of one bit of information (per controller update), which could aid in reducing transmission delays and as a secondary effect result in fewer transmissions being triggered.
Decentralized event-triggered control over wireless sensor/actuator networks  [PDF]
Manuel Mazo Jr.,Paulo Tabuada
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: In recent years we have witnessed a move of the major industrial automation providers into the wireless domain. While most of these companies already offer wireless products for measurement and monitoring purposes, the ultimate goal is to be able to close feedback loops over wireless networks interconnecting sensors, computation devices, and actuators. In this paper we present a decentralized event-triggered implementation, over sensor/actuator networks, of centralized nonlinear controllers. Event-triggered control has been recently proposed as an alternative to the more traditional periodic execution of control tasks. In a typical event-triggered implementation, the control signals are kept constant until the violation of a condition on the state of the plant triggers the re-computation of the control signals. The possibility of reducing the number of re-computations, and thus of transmissions, while guaranteeing desired levels of performance makes event-triggered control very appealing in the context of sensor/actuator networks. In these systems the communication network is a shared resource and event-triggered implementations of control laws offer a flexible way to reduce network utilization. Moreover reducing the number of times that a feedback control law is executed implies a reduction in transmissions and thus a reduction in energy expenditures of battery powered wireless sensor nodes.
Event-Triggered Control over Unreliable Networks Subject to Jamming Attacks  [PDF]
Ahmet Cetinkaya,Hideaki Ishii,Tomohisa Hayakawa
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Event-triggered networked control of a linear dynamical system is investigated. Specifically, the dynamical system and the controller are assumed to be connected through a communication channel. State and control input information packets between the system and the controller are attempted to be exchanged over the network only at time instants when certain triggering conditions are satisfied. We provide a probabilistic characterization for the link failures which allows us to model random packet losses due to unreliability in transmissions as well as those caused by malicious jamming attacks. We obtain conditions for the almost sure stability of the closed-loop system, and we illustrate the efficacy of our approach with a numerical example.
Distributed event-triggered communication for dynamic average consensus in networked systems  [PDF]
Solmaz S. Kia,Jorge Cortes,Sonia Martinez
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: This paper presents distributed algorithmic solutions that employ opportunistic inter-agent communication to achieve dynamic average consensus. In our solutions each agent is endowed with a local criterion that enables it to determine whether to broadcast its state to its neighbors. Our starting point is a continuous-time distributed coordination strategy that, under continuous-time communication, achieves practical asymptotic tracking of the dynamic average of the time-varying agents' reference inputs. Then, for this algorithm, depending on the directed or undirected nature of the time-varying interactions and under suitable connectivity conditions, we propose two different distributed event-triggered communication laws that prescribe agent communications at discrete time instants in an opportunistic fashion. In both cases, we establish positive lower bounds on the inter-event times of each agent and characterize their dependence on the algorithm design parameters. This analysis allows us to rule out the presence of Zeno behavior and characterize the asymptotic correctness of the resulting implementations. Several simulations illustrate the results.
Distributed Event-triggered Consensus for Multi-agent Systems with Directed Topologies  [PDF]
Xinlei Yi,Wenlian Lu,Tianping Chen
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: In this paper, we study consensus problem in multi-agent system with directed topology by event-triggered feedback control. That is, at each agent, the diffusion coupling feedbacks are based on the information from its latest observations to its in-neighbours. We derive distributed criteria to determine the next observation time of each agent that are triggered by its in-neighbours' information and its own states respectively. We prove that if the network topology is irreducible, then under the event-triggered coupling principles, the multi-agent system reach consensus. Then, we extend these results to the case of reducible topology with spanning tree. In addition, these results are also extended to the case of self-triggered control, in terms that the next triggering time of each agent is computed based on the current states, i.e., without observing the system's states continuously. The effectiveness of the theoretical results are illustrated by numerical examples.
Event-triggered Consensus for Multi-agent Systems with Asymmetric and Reducible Topologies  [PDF]
Xinlei Yi,Wenlian Lu,Tianping Chen
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: This paper studies the consensus problem of multi-agent systems with asymmetric and reducible topologies. Centralized event-triggered rules are provided so as to reduce the frequency of system's updating. The diffusion coupling feedbacks of each agent are based on the latest observations from its in-neighbors and the system's next observation time is triggered by a criterion based on all agents' information. The scenario of continuous monitoring is first considered, namely all agents' instantaneous states can be observed. It is proved that if the network topology has a spanning tree, then the centralized event-triggered coupling strategy can realize consensus for the multi-agent system. Then the results are extended to discontinuous monitoring, where the system computes its next triggering time in advance without having to observe all agents' states continuously. Examples with numerical simulation are provided to show the effectiveness of the theoretical results.
Distributed event-triggered coordination for average consensus on weight-balanced digraphs  [PDF]
Cameron Nowzari,Jorge Cortes
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: This paper proposes a novel distributed event-triggered algorithmic solution to the multi-agent average consensus problem for networks whose communication topology is described by weight-balanced, strongly connected digraphs. The proposed event-triggered communication and control strategy does not rely on individual agents having continuous or periodic access to information about the state of their neighbors. In addition, it does not require the agents to have a priori knowledge of any global parameter. We show that, under the proposed law, events cannot be triggered an infinite number of times in any finite period (i.e., no Zeno behavior), and that the resulting network executions provably converge to the average of the initial agents' states exponentially fast. We also provide weaker conditions on connectivity under which convergence is guaranteed when the communication topology is switching. Simulations illustrate our results.
Pull-Based Distributed Event-triggered Consensus for Multi-agent Systems with Directed Topologies  [PDF]
Xinlei Yi,Wenlian Lu,Tianping Chen
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: This paper mainly investigates consensus problem with pull-based event-triggered feedback control. For each agent, the diffusion coupling feedbacks are based on the states of its in-neighbors at its latest triggering time and the next triggering time of this agent is determined by its in-neighbors' information as well. The general directed topologies, including irreducible and reducible cases, are investigated. The scenario of distributed continuous monitoring is considered firstly, namely each agent can observe its in-neighbors' continuous states. It is proved that if the network topology has a spanning tree, then the event-triggered coupling strategy can realize consensus for the multi-agent system. Then the results are extended to discontinuous monitoring, i.e., self-triggered control, where each agent computes its next triggering time in advance without having to observe the system's states continuously. The effectiveness of the theoretical results are illustrated by a numerical example finally.
Periodic Event-Triggered Synchronization of Linear Multi-agent Systems with Communication Delays  [PDF]
Eloy Garcia,Yongcan Cao,David W. Casbeer
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Multi-agent systems cooperation to achieve global goals is usually limited by sensing, actuation, and communication issues. At the local level, continuous measurement and actuation is only approximated by the use of digital mechanisms that measure and process information in order to compute and update new control input values at discrete time instants. Interaction with other agents or subsystems takes place, in general, through a digital communication channel with limited bandwidth where transmission of continuous-time signals is not possible. Additionally, communication channels may be subject to other imperfections such as time-varying delays. This paper considers the problem of consensus (or synchronization of state trajectories) of multi-agent systems that are described by general linear dynamics and are connected using undirected graphs. An event-triggered consensus protocol is proposed, where each agent implements discretized and decoupled models of the states of its neighbors. This approach not only avoids the need for continuous communication between agents but also provides a decentralized method for transmission of information in the presence of time-varying communication delays where each agent decides its own broadcasting time instants based only on local information. This method gives more flexibility for scheduling information broadcasting compared to periodic and sampled-data implementations. The use of discretized models by each agent allows for a periodic event-triggered strategy where continuous actuation and continuous measurement of the states are not necessary.
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