Abstract:
We investigate the Westervelt equation with several versions of nonlinear damping and lower order damping terms and Neumann as well as absorbing boundary conditions. We prove local in time existence of weak solutions under the assumption that the initial and boundary data are sufficiently small. Additionally, we prove local well-posedness in the case of spatially varying $L^{\infty}$ coefficients, a model relevant in high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) applications.

Abstract:
We study the initial-boundary value problem for the Fokker-Planck equation in an interval with absorbing boundary conditions. We develop a theory of well-posedness of classical solutions for the problem. We also prove that the resulting solutions decay exponentially for long times. To prove these results we obtain several crucial estimates, which include hypoellipticity away from the singular set for the Fokker-Planck equation with absorbing boundary conditions, as well as the Holder continuity of the solutions up to the singular set.

Abstract:
Absorbing layers are sometimes required to be impractically thick in order to offer an accurate approximation of an absorbing boundary condition for the Helmholtz equation in a heterogeneous medium. It is always possible to reduce an absorbing layer to an operator at the boundary by layer-stripping elimination of the exterior unknowns, but the linear algebra involved is costly. We propose to bypass the elimination procedure, and directly fit the surface-to-surface operator in compressed form from a few exterior Helmholtz solves with random Dirichlet data. We obtain a concise description of the absorbing boundary condition, with a complexity that grows slowly (often, logarithmically) in the frequency parameter. We then obtain a fast (nearly linear in the dimension of the matrix) algorithm for the application of the absorbing boundary condition using partitioned low rank matrices. The result, modulo a precomputation, is a fast and memory-efficient compression scheme of an absorbing boundary condition for the Helmholtz equation.

Abstract:
We consider a spatially homogeneous advection-diffusion equation in which the diffusion tensor and drift velocity are time-independent, but otherwise general. We derive asymptotic expressions, valid at large distances from a steady point source, for the flux onto a completely permeable boundary and onto an absorbing boundary. The absorbing case is treated by making a source of antiparticles at the boundary. In both cases there is an exponential decay as the distance from the source increases; we find that the exponent is the same for both boundary conditions.

Abstract:
It is well known that in numerical computations of wave equations by utilizing explicit schemes the stability is an extremely important problem when artifi- ctal boundaries are introduced and absorbing boundary conditions are imposed on them. In this paper, the stability of finite difference schemes for the acoustic wave equation with the first- and the second-order Clayton- Engquist - Majda absorbing boundary conditions is discussed by using energy techniques The corresponding stability conditions (i.e., the stability bounds of the CFL number) are given, which is sharper than those stability conditions for interior schemes or other kinds of boundary conditions. Numerical results are presented to confirm the correctness of the theoretical analysis.

Abstract:
The performances of absorbing boundary conditions (ABCs) in four widely used finite difference time domain (FDTD) methods, i.e. explicit, implicit, explicit staggered-time, and Chebyshev methods, for solving the time-dependent Schrdinger equation are assessed and compared. The computation efficiency for each approach is also evaluated. A typical evolution problem of a single Gaussian wave packet is chosen to demonstrate the performances of the four methods combined with ABCs. It is found that ABCs perfectly eliminate reflection in implicit and explicit staggered-time methods. However, small reflection still exists in explicit and Chebyshev methods even though ABCs are applied.

Abstract:
In recent decades a lot of research has been done on the numerical solution of the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation. On the one hand, some of the proposed numerical methods do not need any kind of matrix inversion, but source terms cannot be easily implemented into this schemes; on the other, some methods involving matrix inversion can implement source terms in a natural way, but are not easy to implement into some computational software programs widely used by non-experts in programming (e.g. Mathematica). We present a simple method to solve the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation by using a standard Crank-Nicholson method together with a Cayley's form for the finite-difference representation of evolution operator. Here, such standard numerical scheme has been simplified by inverting analytically the matrix of the evolution operator in position representation. The analytical inversion of the N x N matrix let us easily and fully implement the numerical method, with or without source terms, into Mathematica or even into any numerical computing language or computational software used for scientific computing.

Abstract:
In this paper we present a set of absorbing boundary conditions based on the higher order approximations of one-way wave equations. By introducing new functions, these absorbing boundary conditions are put into the form of systems of lower order partial differential equations. The stability of initial boundary value problems with these type of boundary conditions is discussed. The energy estimates for their solutions are obtained.

Abstract:
A common approach for the numerical simulation of wave propagation on a spatially unbounded domain is to truncate the domain via an artificial boundary, thus forming a finite computational domain with an outer boundary. Absorbing boundary conditions must then be specified at the boundary such that the resulting initial-boundary value problem is well posed and such that the amount of spurious reflection is minimized. In this article, we review recent results on the construction of absorbing boundary conditions in General Relativity and their application to numerical relativity.

Abstract:
Absorbing layers are sometimes required to be impractically thick in order to offer an accurate approximation of an absorbing boundary condition for the Helmholtz equation in a heterogeneous medium. It is always possible to reduce an absorbing layer to an operator at the boundary by layer-stripping elimination of the exterior unknowns, but the linear algebra involved is costly. We propose to bypass the elimination procedure, and directly fit the surface-to-surface operator in compressed form from a few exterior Helmholtz solves with random Dirichlet data. The result is a concise description of the absorbing boundary condition, with a complexity that grows slowly (often, logarithmically) in the frequency parameter.