Abstract:
If $S$ is a discrete semigroup, then $\beta S$ has a natural, left-topological semigroup structure extending $S$. Under some very mild conditions, $U(S)$, the set of uniform ultrafilters on $S$, is a two-sided ideal of $\beta S$, and therefore contains all of its minimal left ideals and minimal idempotents. We find some very general conditions under which $U(S)$ contains prime minimal left ideals and left-maximal idempotents. If $S$ is countable, then $U(S) = S^*$, and a special case of our main theorem is that if a countable discrete semigroup $S$ is a weakly cancellative and left-cancellative, then $S^*$ contains prime minimal left ideals and left-maximal idempotents. We will provide examples of weakly cancellative semigroups where these conclusions fail, thus showing that this result is sharp.

Abstract:
We construct a recursive formula for a complete system of primitive orthogonal idempotents for any $R$-trivial monoid. This uses the newly proved equivalence between the notions of $R$-trivial monoid and weakly ordered monoid.

Abstract:
It is a well known fact from the group theory that irreducible tensor representations of classical groups are suitably characterized by irreducible representations of the symmetric groups. However, due to their different nature, vector and spinor representations are only connected and not united in such description. Clifford algebras are an ideal tool with which to describe symmetries of multi-particle systems since they contain spinor and vector representations within the same formalism, and, moreover, allow for a complete study of all classical Lie groups. In this work, together with an accompanying work also presented at this conference, an analysis of q-symmetry -- for generic q's -- based on the ordinary symmetric groups is given for the first time. We construct q-Young operators as Clifford idempotents and the Hecke algebra representations in ideals generated by these operators. Various relations as orthogonality of representations and completeness are given explicitly, and the symmetry types of representations is discussed. Appropriate q-Young diagrams and tableaux are given. The ordinary case of the symmetric group is obtained in the limit q \to 1. All in all, a toolkit for Clifford algebraic treatment of multi-particle systems is provided. The distinguishing feature of this paper is that the Young operators of conjugated Young diagrams are related by Clifford reversion, connecting Clifford algebra and Hecke algebra features. This contrasts the purely Hecke algebraic approach of King and Wybourne, who do not embed Hecke algebras into Clifford algebras.

Abstract:
We consider the general question of how the homological finiteness property left-FPn holding in a monoid influences, and conversely depends on, the property holding in the substructures of that monoid. In particular we show that left-FPn is inherited by the maximal subgroups in a completely simple minimal ideal, in the case that the minimal ideal has finitely many left ideals. For completely simple semigroups we prove the converse, and as a corollary show that a completely simple semigroup is of type left- and right-FPn if and only if it has finitely many left and right ideals and all of its maximal subgroups are of type FPn. Also, given an ideal of a monoid, we show that if the ideal has a two-sided identity element then the containing monoid is of type left-FPn if and only if the ideal is of type left-FPn.

Abstract:
We give a characterisation of the idempotents of the partition monoid, and use this to enumerate the idempotents in the finite partition, Brauer and partial Brauer monoids, giving several formulae and recursions for the number of idempotents in each monoid as well as various $\mathscr R$-, $\mathscr L$- and $\mathscr D$-classes. We also apply our results to determine the number of idempotent basis elements in the finite dimensional partition, Brauer and partial Brauer algebras.

Abstract:
A classification of idempotents in Clifford algebras C(p,q) is presented. It is shown that using isomorphisms between Clifford algebras C(p,q) and appropriate matrix rings, it is possible to classify idempotents in any Clifford algebra into continuous families. These families include primitive idempotents used to generate minimal one sided ideals in Clifford algebras. Some low dimensional examples are discussed.

Abstract:
For a positive integer $d$, a non-negative integer $n$ and a non-negative integer $h\leq n$, we study the number $C_{n}^{(d)}$ of principal ideals; and the number $C_{n,h}^{(d)}$ of principal ideals generated by an element of rank $h$, in the $d$-tonal partition monoid on $n$ elements. We compute closed forms for the first family, as partial cumulative sums of known sequences. The second gives an infinite family of new integral sequences. We discuss their connections to certain integral lattices as well as to combinatorics of partitions.

Abstract:
In this paper we study regular irreducible algebraic monoids over $\fldc$ equipped with the euclidean topology. It is shown that, in such monoids, the Green classes and the spaces of idempotents in the Green classes all have natural manifold structures. The interactions of these manifold structures and the semigroup structures in these monoids have been investigated. Relations between these manifolds and Grassmann manifolds have been established. A generalisation of a result on the dimension of the manifold of rank $k$ idempotents in the semigroup of linear endomorphisms over $\fldc$ has been proved.

Abstract:
We prove homological stability for a twisted version of the Houghton groups and their multidimensional analogues. Based on this, we can describe the homology of the Houghton groups and that of their multidimensional analogues over constant noetherian coefficients as an essentially finitely generated $FI$-module.

Abstract:
We describe a refinement of the natural partial order on the set of idempotents of the Motzkin monoid which exhibits its structure as a disjoint union of geometric complexes. This leads to an efficient method for computing the numbers of idempotents and their distribution across ranks. The method extends to idempotent numbers in the Jones (or Temperley-Lieb) and Kauffman monoids. Values are tabulated for small degrees, and ramifications (including recurrence formulae) discussed in the case of the Jones monoids,