Abstract:
We study the properly discontinuous and isometric actions on the unit sphere of infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces and we get some new examples of Hilbert manifold with costant positive sectional curvature. We prove some necessary conditions for a group to act isometrically and properly discontinuously and in the case of finitely generated Abelian groups, the necessary and sufficient conditions are given.

Abstract:
In the present paper, we prove that no infinite group acts isometrically, effectively, and properly discontinuously on a certain class of Lorentzian manifolds that are not necessarily homogeneous.

Abstract:
We give sufficient conditions for the quotient of a free, properly discontinuous action on a bounded domain of holomorphy to be a Stein manifold in terms of Poincar\'e series or limit sets for orbits. An immediate consequence is that the quotient of any cyclic, free, properly discontinuous action on the unit ball or the bidisc is Stein.

Abstract:
We consider the deformation of a discontinuous group acting on the Euclidean space by affine transformations. A distinguished feature here is that even a `small' deformation of a discrete subgroup may destroy proper discontinuity of its action. In order to understand the local structure of the deformation space of discontinuous groups, we introduce the concepts from a group theoretic perspective, and focus on `stability' and `local rigidity' of discontinuous groups. As a test case, we give an explicit description of the deformation space of Z^k acting properly discontinuously on R^{k+1} by affine nilpotent transformations. Our method uses an idea of `continuous analogue' and relies on the criterion of proper actions on nilmanifolds.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be a group acting freely, properly discontinuously and cellularly on a finite dimensional $C$W-complex $\Sigma(2n)$ which has the homotopy type of the $2n$- sphere $\mathbb{S}^{2n}$. Then, this action induces an action of the group $G$ on the top cohomology of $\Sigma(2n)$. For the family of virtually cyclic groups, we classify all groups which act on $\Sigma(2n)$, the homotopy type of all possible orbit spaces and all actions on the top cohomology as well. \par Under the hypothesis that $\mbox{dim}\,\Sigma(2n)\leq 2n+1$, we study the groups with the virtual cohomological dimension $\mbox{vcd}\,G<\infty$ which act as above on $\Sigma(2n)$. It turns out that they consist of free groups and certain semi-direct products $F\rtimes \mathbb{Z}_2$ with $F$ a free group. For those groups $G$ and a given action of $G$ on $\mbox{Aut}(\mathbb{Z})$, we present an algebraic criterion equivalent to the realizability of an action $G$ on $\Sigma(2n)$ which induces the given action on its top cohomology. Then, we obtain a classification of those groups together with actions on the top cohomology of $\Sigma(2n)$.

Abstract:
This article gives an up-to-date account of the theory of discrete group actions on non-Riemannian homogeneous spaces. As an introduction of the motifs of this article, we begin by reviewing the current knowledge of possible global forms of pseudo-Riemannian manifolds with constant curvatures, and discuss what kind of problems we propose to pursue. For pseudo-Riemannian manifolds, isometric actions of discrete groups are not always properly discontinuous. The fundamental problem is to understand when discrete subgroups of Lie groups $G$ act properly discontinuously on homogeneous spaces $G/H$ for non-compact $H$. For this, we introduce the concepts from a group-theoretic perspective, including the `discontinuous dual' of $G/H$ that recovers $H$ in a sense. We then summarize recent results giving criteria for the existence of properly discontinuous subgroups, and the known results and conjectures on the existence of cocompact ones. The final section discusses the deformation theory and in particular rigidity results for cocompact properly discontinuous groups for pseudo-Riemannian symmetric spaces.

Abstract:
In the early $1980$s a landmark result was obtained by Atiyah and independently Guillemin and Sternberg: the image of the momentum map for a torus action on a compact symplectic manifold is a convex polyhedron. Atiyah's proof makes use of the fact that level sets of the momentum map are connected. These proofs work in the setting of finite-dimensional compact symplectic manifolds. One can ask how these results generalize. A well-known example of an infinite-dimensional symplectic manifold with a finite-dimensional torus action is the based loop group. Atiyah and Pressley proved convexity for this example, but not connectedness of level sets. A proof of connectedness of level sets for the based loop group was provided by Harada, Holm, Jeffrey and Mare in $2006$. In this thesis we study Hilbert manifolds equipped with a strong symplectic structure and a finite-dimensional group action preserving the strong symplectic structure. We prove connectedness of regular generic level sets of the momentum map. We use this to prove convexity of the image of the momentum map.

Abstract:
A generalization of the Auslander conjecture is proved in the case when the Levi factor of the Zariski closure of the acting group is a product of simple real algebraic groups of rank \leq 1. Also, the Auslander conjecture is proved for dimensions \leq 5.

Abstract:
We construct a fundamental region for the action on the $2d+1$-dimensional affine space of some free, discrete, properly discontinuous groups of affine transformations preserving a quadratic form of signature $(d+1, d)$, where $d$ is any odd positive integer.

Abstract:
We study properly discontinuous and cocompact actions of a discrete subgroup $\Gamma$ of an algebraic group $G$ on a contractible algebraic manifold $X$. We suppose that this action comes from an algebraic action of $G$ on $X$ such that a maximal reductive subgroup of $G$ fixes a point. When the real rank of any simple subgroup of $G$ is at most one or the dimension of $X$ is at most three, we show that $\Gamma$ is virtually polycyclic. When $\Gamma$ is virtually polycyclic, we show that $\Gamma$ is virtually polycyclic. When $\Gamma$ is virtually polycyclic, we show that the action reduces to a NIL-affine crystallographic action. As applications, we prove that the generalized Auslander conjecture for NIL-affine actions holds up to dimension six and give a new proof of the fact that every virtually polycyclic group admits a NIL-affine crystallographic action.