Abstract:
We present a proof of qualitative stochastic homogenization for a nonconvex Hamilton-Jacobi equation. The new idea is to introduce a family of "sub-equations" and to control solutions of the original equation by the maximal subsolutions of the latter, which have deterministic limits by the subadditive ergodic theorem and maximality.

Abstract:
In this paper we propose and analyze a method based on the Riccati transformation for solving the evolutionary Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation arising from the stochastic dynamic optimal allocation problem. We show how the fully nonlinear Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation can be transformed into a quasi-linear parabolic equation whose diffusion function is obtained as the value function of certain parametric convex optimization problem. Although the diffusion function need not be sufficiently smooth, we are able to prove existence, uniqueness and derive useful bounds of classical H\"older smooth solutions. We furthermore construct a fully implicit iterative numerical scheme based on finite volume approximation of the governing equation. A numerical solution is compared to a semi-explicit traveling wave solution by means of the convergence ratio of the method. We compute optimal strategies for a portfolio investment problem motivated by the German DAX 30 Index as an example of application of the method.

Abstract:
Analytical (rational) mechanics is the mathematical structure of Newtonian deterministic dynamics developed by D'Alembert, Langrange, Hamilton, Jacobi, and many other luminaries of applied mathematics. Diffusion as a stochastic process of an overdamped individual particle immersed in a fluid, initiated by Einstein, Smoluchowski, Langevin and Wiener, has no momentum since its path is nowhere differentiable. In this exposition, we illustrate how analytical mechanics arises in stochastic dynamics from a randomly perturbed ordinary differential equation $dX_t=b(X_t)dt+\epsilon dW_t$ where $W_t$ is a Brownian motion. In the limit of vanishingly small $\epsilon$, the solution to the stochastic differential equation other than $\dot{x}=b(x)$ are all rare events. However, conditioned on an occurence of such an event, the most probable trajectory of the stochastic motion is the solution to Lagrangian mechanics with $\mathcal{L}=\|\dot{q}-b(q)\|^2/4$ and Hamiltonian equations with $H(p,q)=\|p\|^2+b(q)\cdot p$. Hamiltonian conservation law implies that the most probable trajectory for a "rare" event has a uniform "excess kinetic energy" along its path. Rare events can also be characterized by the principle of large deviations which expresses the probability density function for $X_t$ as $f(x,t)=e^{-u(x,t)/\epsilon}$, where $u(x,t)$ is called a large-deviation rate function which satisfies the corresponding Hamilton-Jacobi equation. An irreversible diffusion process with $\nabla\times b\neq 0$ corresponds to a Newtonian system with a Lorentz force $\ddot{q}=(\nabla\times b)\times \dot{q}+1/2\nabla\|b\|^2$. The connection between stochastic motion and analytical mechanics can be explored in terms of various techniques of applied mathematics, for example, singular perturbations, viscosity solutions, and integrable systems.

Abstract:
In this work we study the stochastic recursive control problem, in which the aggregator (or called generator) of the backward stochastic differential equation describing the running cost is continuous but not necessarily Lipschitz with respect to the first unknown variable and the control, and monotonic with respect to the first unknown variable. The dynamic programming principle and the connection between the value function and the viscosity solution of the associated Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation are established in this setting by the generalized comparison theorem of backward stochastic differential equations and the stability of viscosity solutions. Finally we take the control problem of continuous-time Epstein-Zin utility with non-Lipschitz aggregator as an example to demonstrate the application of our study.

Abstract:
We provide an example of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation in which stochastic homogenization does not occur. The Hamiltonian involved in this example satisfies the standard assumptions of the literature, except that it is not convex.

Abstract:
We prove that the solution of the discounted approximation of a degenerate viscous Hamilton--Jacobi equation with convex Hamiltonians converges to that of the associated ergodic problem. We characterize the limit in terms of stochastic Mather measures by naturally using the nonlinear adjoint method, and deriving a commutation lemma. This convergence result was first achieved by Davini, Fathi, Iturriaga, and Zavidovique for the first order Hamilton--Jacobi equation.

Abstract:
The nontrivial transformation of the phase space path integral measure under certain discretized analogues of canonical transformations is computed. This Jacobian is used to derive a quantum analogue of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation for the generating function of a canonical transformation that maps any quantum system to a system with a vanishing Hamiltonian. A formal perturbative solution of the quantum Hamilton-Jacobi equation is given.

Abstract:
This paper is concerned with the stochastic Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation with controlled leading coefficients, which is a type of fully nonlinear backward stochastic partial differential equation (BSPDE for short). In order to formulate the weak solution for such kind of BSPDEs, the classical potential theory is generalized in the backward stochastic framework. The existence and uniqueness of the weak solution is proved, and for the partially non-Markovian case, we obtain the associated gradient estimate. As a byproduct, the existence and uniqueness of solution for a class of degenerate reflected BSPDEs is discussed as well.

Abstract:
In this paper, a stochastic optimal control problem is investigated in which the system is governed by a stochastic functional differential equation. In the framework of functional It\^o calculus, we build the dynamic programming principle and the related Path-dependent Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation. We prove that the value function is the viscosity solution of the Path-dependent HJB equation.