Abstract:
In this paper we introduce in study the projectively related complex Finsler metrics. We prove the complex versions of the Rapcs\'{a}k's theorem and characterize the weakly K\"{a}hler and generalized Berwald projectively related complex Finsler metrics. The complex version of Hilbert's Fourth Problem is also pointed out. As an application, the projectiveness of a complex Randers metric is described.

Abstract:
In this paper, we find the necessary and sufficient conditions under which two classes of (q, a, b)-metrics are projectively related to a Kropina metric.

Abstract:
A metric projective structure is a manifold equipped with the unparametrised geodesics of some pseudo-Riemannian metric. We make acomprehensive treatment of such structures in the case that there is a projective Weyl curvature nullity condition. The analysis is simplified by a fundamental and canonical 2-tensor invariant that we discover. It leads to a new canonical tractor connection for these geometries which is defined on a rank $(n+1)$-bundle. We show this connection is linked to the metrisability equations that govern the existence of metrics compatible with the structure. The fundamental 2-tensor also leads to a new class of invariant linear differential operators that are canonically associated to these geometries; included is a third equation studied by Gallot et al. We apply the results to study the metrisability equation, in the nullity setting described. We obtain strong local and global results on the nature of solutions and also on the nature of the geometries admitting such solutions, obtaining classification results in some cases. We show that closed Sasakian and K\"ahler manifold do not admit nontrivial solutions. We also prove that, on a closed manifold, two nontrivially projectively equivalent metrics cannot have the same tracefree Ricci tensor. We show that on a closed manifold a metric having a nontrivial solution of the metrisablity equation cannot have two-dimensional nullity space at every point. In these statements the meaning of trivial solution is dependent on the context. There is a function $B$ naturally appearing if a metric projective structure has nullity. We analyse in detail the case when this is not a constant, and describe all nontrivially projectively equivalent Riemannian metrics on closed manifolds with nonconstant $B$.

Abstract:
In this work an intrinsic projectively invariant distance is used to establish a new approach to the study of projective geometry in Finsler space. It is shown that the projectively invariant distance previously defined is a constant multiple of the Finsler distance in certain case. As a consequence, two projectively related complete Einstein Finsler spaces with constant negative scalar curvature are homothetic. Evidently, this will be true for Finsler spaces of constant flag curvature as well.

Abstract:
Two pseudo-Riemannian metrics are called projectively equivalent if their unparametrized geodesics coincide. The degree of mobility of a metric is the dimension of the space of metrics that are projectively equivalent to it. We give a complete list of possible values for the degree of mobility of Riemannian and Lorentzian Einstein metrics on simply connected manifolds, and describe all possible dimensions of the space of essential projective vector fields.

Abstract:
The class of spherically symmetric Finsler metrics is studied and locally dually flat and projectively flat spherically symmetric Finsler metrics is classified.

Abstract:
In this paper, a characteristic condition of the projectively flat Kropina metric is given. By it, we prove that a Kropina metric $F=\alpha^2/\beta$ with constant curvature $K$ and $\|\beta\|_{\alpha}=1$ is projectively flat if and only if $F$ is locally Minkowskian.

Abstract:
In this paper, we study a class of Finsler metrics composed by a Riemann metric $\alpha=\sqrt{a_{ij}(x)y^i y^j}$ and a $1$-form $\beta=b_i(x)y^i$ called general ($\alpha$, $\beta$)-metrics. We classify those projectively flat when $\alpha$ is projectively flat. By solving the corresponding nonlinear PDEs, the metrics in this class are totally determined. Then a new group of projectively flat Finsler metrics is found.

Abstract:
It is well known that pseudo-Riemannian metrics in the projective class of a given torsion free affine connection can be obtained from (and are equivalent to) the solutions of a certain overdetermined projectively invariant differential equation. This equation is a special case of a so-called first BGG equation. The general theory of such equations singles out a subclass of so-called normal solutions. We prove that non-degerate normal solutions are equivalent to pseudo-Riemannian Einstein metrics in the projective class and observe that this connects to natural projective extensions of the Einstein condition.

Abstract:
In this paper we study the flag curvature of a particular class of Finsler metrics called general $(\alpha,\beta)$-metrics, which are defined by a Riemannian metric $\alpha$ and a $1$-form $\beta$. The classification of such metrics with constant flag curvature are completely determined under some suitable conditions, which make them be locally projectively flat. As a result, we construct some new projectively flat Finsler metrics with flag curvature $1$, $0$ and $-1$, all of which are of singularity at some directions.