Abstract:
A *-ring $R$ is called a strongly nil-*-clean ring if every element of $R$ is the sum of a projection and a nilpotent element that commute with each other. In this article, we show that $R$ is a strongly nil-*-clean ring if and only if every idempotent in $R$ is a projection, $R$ is periodic, and $R/J(R)$ is Boolean. For any commutative *-ring $R$, we prove that the algebraic extension $R[i]$ where $i^2=\mu i+\eta$ for some $\mu,\eta\in R$ is strongly nil-*-clean if and only if $R$ is strongly nil-*-clean and $\mu\eta$ is nilpotent. The relationships between Boolean *-rings and strongly nil-*-clean rings are also obtained.

Abstract:
We characterize the nil clean matrix rings over fields. As a by product, it is proved that the full matrix rings with coefficients in commutative nil-clean rings are nil-clean, and we obtain a complete characterization of the finite rank Abelian groups with nil clean endomorphism ring and the Abelian groups with strongly nil clean endomorphism ring, respectively.

Abstract:
摘要： 介绍了诣零*-clean环和唯一诣零*-clean环的概念, 研究了这些环的基本性质和扩张性质,并讨论了几类*-环的关系。 Abstract: The concepts of nil *-clean rings and uniquely nil *-clean rings are introduced. Basic properties and extension properties of such rings are investigated. Moreover, the relations of several classes of *-rings are discussed

Abstract:
In this paper we discuss several constructions that lead to new examples of nil-clean, clean, and exchange rings. A characterization of the idempotents in the algebra defined by a 2-cocycle is given and used to prove some of the algebra's properties (the infinitesimal deformation case). From infinitesimal deformations we go to full deformations and prove that any formal deformation of a clean (exchange) ring is itself clean (exchange). Examples of nil-clean, clean, and exchange rings arising from poset algebras are also discussed.

Abstract:
The notion of clean rings and 2-good rings have many variations, and have been widely studied. We provide a few results about two new variations of these concepts and discuss the theory that ties these variations to objects and properties of interest to noncommutative algebraists. A ring is called nil-good if each element in the ring is the sum of a nilpotent element and either a unit or zero. We establish that the ring of endomorphisms of a module over a division is nil-good, as well as some basic consequences. We then define a new property we call nil-good clean, the condition that an element of a ring is the sum of a nilpotent, an idempotent, and a unit. We explore the interplay between these properties and the notion of clean rings.

Abstract:
A ring $R$ is nil-clean if every element in $R$ is the sum of an idempotent and a nilpotent. A ring $R$ is abelian if every idempotent is central. We prove that if $R$ is abelian then $M_n(R)$ is nil-clean if and only if $R/J(R)$ is Boolean and $M_n(J(R))$ is nil. This extend the main results of Breaz et al. ~\cite{BGDT} and that of Ko\c{s}an et al.~\cite{KLZ}.

Abstract:
We prove that if an involution in a ring is the sum of an idempotent and a nilpotent then the idempotent in this decomposition must be 1. As a consequence, we completely characterize weakly nil-clean rings introduced recently in [Breaz, Danchev and Zhou, Rings in which every element is either a sum or a difference of a nilpotent and an idempotent, J. Algebra Appl., DOI: 10.1142/S0219498816501486].

Abstract:
The concept of nil-symmetric rings has been introduced as a generalization of symmetric rings and a particular case of nil-semicommutative rings. A ring is called right (left) nil-symmetric if, for , where are nilpotent elements, implies . A ring is called nil-symmetric if it is both right and left nil-symmetric. It has been shown that the polynomial ring over a nil-symmetric ring may not be a right or a left nil-symmetric ring. Further, it is also proved that if is right (left) nil-symmetric, then the polynomial ring is a nil-Armendariz ring. 1. Introduction Throughout this paper, all rings are associative with unity. Given a ring , and denote the set of all nilpotent elements of and the polynomial ring over , respectively. A ring is called reduced if it has no nonzero nilpotent elements; is said to be Abelian if all idempotents of are central; is symmetric [1] if implies for all . An equivalent condition for a ring to be symmetric is that whenever product of any number of elements of the ring is zero, any permutation of the factors still gives the product zero [2]. is reversible [3] if implies for all ; is called semicommutative [4] if implies for all . In [5], Rege-Chhawchharia introduced the concept of an Armendariz ring. A ring is called Armendariz if whenever polynomials , satisfy , then for each . Liu-Zhao [6] and Antoine [7] further generalize the concept of an Armendariz ring by defining a weak-Armendariz and a nil-Armendariz ring, respectively. A ring is called weak-Armendariz if whenever polynomials ,？？ satisfy , then for each . A ring is called nil-Armendariz if whenever ,？？ satisfy , then for each . Mohammadi et al. [8] initiated the notion of a nil-semicommutative ring as a generalization of a semicommutative ring. A ring is nil-semicommutative if implies for all . In their paper it is shown that, in a nil-semicommutative ring , forms an ideal of . Getting motivated by their paper we introduce the concept of a right (left) nil-symmetric ring which is a generalization of symmetric rings and a particular case of nil-semicommutative rings. Thus all the results valid for nil-semicommutative rings are valid for right (left) nil-symmetric rings also. We also prove that if a ring is right (left) nil-symmetric and Armendariz, then is right (left) nil-symmetric. In the context, there are also several other generalizations of symmetric rings (see [9, 10]). 2. Right (Left) Nil-Symmetric Rings For a ring , and denote the full matrix ring and the upper triangular matrix ring over , respectively. We observe that if is a ring, then Definition 1. A ring

Abstract:
A $*$-ring $R$ is called (strongly) $*$-clean if every element of $R$ is the sum of a projection and a unit (which commute with each other). In this note, some properties of $*$-clean rings are considered. In particular, a new class of $*$-clean rings which called strongly $\pi$-$*$-regular are introduced. It is shown that $R$ is strongly $\pi$-$*$-regular if and only if $R$ is $\pi$-regular and every idempotent of $R$ is a projection if and only if $R/J(R)$ is strongly regular with $J(R)$ nil, and every idempotent of $R/J(R)$ is lifted to a central projection of $R.$ In addition, the stable range conditions of $*$-clean rings are discussed, and equivalent conditions among $*$-rings related to $*$-cleanness are obtained.