Abstract:
The Atiyah-Hitchin manifold arises in many different contexts, ranging from its original occurrence as the moduli space of two SU(2) 't Hooft-Polyakov monopoles in 3+1 dimensions, to supersymmetric backgrounds of string theory. In all these settings, (super)symmetries require the metric to be hyperk\"ahler and have an SO(3) transitive isometry, which in the four-dimensional case essentially selects out the Atiyah-Hitchin manifold as the only such smooth manifold with the correct topology at infinity. In this paper, we analyze the exponentially small corrections to the asymptotic limit, and interpret them as infinite series of instanton corrections in these various settings. Unexpectedly, the relevant configurations turn out to be bound states of $n$ instantons and $\bar n$ anti-instantons, with $|n-\bar n|=0,1$ as required by charge conservation. We propose that the semi-classical configurations relevant for the higher monopole moduli space are Euclidean open branes stretched between the monopoles.

Abstract:
Using twistor methods we derive a generating function which leads to the hyperk\" ahler metric on a deformation of the Atiyah-Hitchin monopole moduli space. This deformation was first considered by Dancer through the quotient construction and is related to a charge two monopole configuration in a completely broken SU(3) gauge theory. The manifold and metric are the first members of a family of hyperk\" ahler manifolds which are deformations of the $D_k$ rational singularities of $C^2$.

Abstract:
This is the first in a series of papers in which we develop a twistor-based method of constructing hyperkaehler metrics from holomorphic functions and elliptic curves. As an application, we revisit the Atiyah-Hitchin manifold and derive in an explicit holomorphic coordinate basis closed-form formulas for, among other things, the metric, the holomorphic symplectic form and all three Kaehler potentials.

Abstract:
We consider 3-monopoles symmetric under inversion symmetry. We show that the moduli space of these monopoles is an Atiyah-Hitchin submanifold of the 3-monopole moduli space. This allows what is known about 2-monopole dynamics to be translated into results about the dynamics of 3-monopoles. Using a numerical ADHMN construction we compute the monopole energy density at various points on two interesting geodesics. The first is a geodesic over the two-dimensional rounded cone submanifold corresponding to right angle scattering and the second is a closed geodesic for three orbiting monopoles.

Abstract:
We investigate quantum effects on the Coulomb branch of three-dimensional N=4 supersymmetric gauge theory with gauge group SU(2). We calculate perturbative and one-instanton contributions to the Wilsonian effective action using standard weak-coupling methods. Unlike the four-dimensional case, and despite supersymmetry, the contribution of non-zero modes to the instanton measure does not cancel. Our results allow us to fix the weak-coupling boundary conditions for the differential equations which determine the hyper-Kahler metric on the quantum moduli space. We confirm the proposal of Seiberg and Witten that the Coulomb branch is equivalent, as a hyper-Kahler manifold, to the centered moduli space of two BPS monopoles constructed by Atiyah and Hitchin.

Abstract:
We construct exact solutions to five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell theory based on Atiyah-Hitchin space. The solutions cannot be written explicitly in a closed form, so their properties are investigated numerically. The five-dimensional metric is regular everywhere except on the location of original bolt in four-dimensional Atiyah-Hitchin base space. On each time-fixed slices, the metric, asymptotically approaches an Euclidean Taub-NUT space.

Abstract:
We outline the construction of the Atiyah-Hitchin metric on the moduli space of SU(2) BPS monopoles with charge 2, first as an algebraic curve in C^3 following Donaldson and then as a solution of the Toda field equations in the continual large N limit. We adopt twistor methods to solve the underlying uniformization problem, which by the generalized Legendre transformation yield the Kahler coordinates and the Kahler potential of the metric. We also comment on the connection between twistors and the Seiberg-Witten construction of quantum moduli spaces, as they arise in three dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories, and briefly address the uniformization of algebraic curves in C^3 in the context of large N Toda theory. (Based on talks delivered in September 1998 at the 32nd International Symposium Ahrenshoop on the Theory of Elementary Particles, Buckow; the 21st Triangular Meeting on Quantum Field Theory, Crete and the TMR meeting on Quantum Aspects of Gauge Theories, Supersymmetry and Unification, Corfu; to be published in the proceedings in Fortschritte der Physik.)

Abstract:
We present new M2 and M5 brane solutions in M-theory based on transverse Atiyah-Hitchin space and other self-dual geometries. One novel feature of these solutions is that they have bolt-like fixed points yet still preserve 1/4 of the supersymmetry. All the solutions can be reduced down to ten dimensional intersecting brane configurations.

Abstract:
The dynamics of finite nonperiodic Toda lattice is an isospectral deformation of the finite three--diagonal Jacobi matrix. It is known since the work of Stieltjes that such matrices are in one--to--one correspondence with their Weyl functions. These are rational functions mapping the upper half--plane into itself. We consider representations of the Weyl functions as a quotient of two polynomials and exponential representation. We establish a connection between these representations and recently developed algebraic--geometrical approach to the inverse problem for Jacobi matrix. The space of rational functions has natural Poisson structure discovered by Atiyah and Hitchin. We show that an invariance of the AH structure under linear--fractional transformations leads to two systems of canonical coordinates and two families of commuting Hamiltonians. We establish a relation of one of these systems with Jacobi elliptic coordinates.

Abstract:
The Legendre transform and its generalizations, originally found in supersymmetric sigma-models, are techniques that can be used to give constructions of hyperkahler metrics. We give a twistor space interpretation to the generalizations of the Legendre transform construction. The Atiyah-Hitchin metric on the moduli space of two monopoles is used as a detailed example.