Abstract:
Inspired by work surrounding Igusa's local zeta function, we introduce topological representation zeta functions of unipotent algebraic groups over number fields. These group-theoretic invariants capture common features of established $p$-adic representation zeta functions associated with pro-$p$ groups derived from unipotent groups. We investigate fundamental properties of the topological zeta functions considered here. We also develop a method for computing them under non-degeneracy assumptions. As an application, among other things, we obtain a complete classification of topological representation zeta functions of unipotent algebraic groups of dimension at most six.

Abstract:
We give a short introduction to the subject of representation growth and representation zeta functions of groups, omitting all proofs. Our focus is on results which are relevant to the study of arithmetic groups in semisimple algebraic groups, such as the special linear group of degree n over the ring of integers. In the last two sections we state several results which were recently obtained in joint work with N. Avni, U. Onn and C. Voll.

Abstract:
Let G be a group which has for all n a finite number r_n(G) of irreducible complex linear representations of dimension n. Let $\zeta(G,s) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} r_n(G) n^{-s}$ be its representation zeta function. First, in case G is a permutational wreath product of H with a permutation group Q acting on a finite set X, we establish a formula for $\zeta(G,s)$ in terms of the zeta functions of H and of subgroups of Q, and of the Moebius function associated with the lattice of partitions of X in orbits under subgroups of Q. Then, we consider groups W(Q,k) which are k-fold iterated wreath products of Q, and several related infinite groups W(Q), including the profinite group, a locally finite group, and several finitely generated groups, which are all isomorphic to a wreath product of themselves with Q. Under convenient hypotheses (in particular Q should be perfect), we show that r_n(W(Q)) is finite for all n, and we establish that the Dirichlet series $\zeta(W(Q),s)$ has a finite and positive abscissa of convergence s_0. Moreover, the function $\zeta(W(Q),s)$ satisfies a remarkable functional equation involving $\zeta(W(Q),es)$ for e=1,...,|X|. As a consequence of this, we exhibit some properties of the function, in particular that $\zeta(W(Q),s)$ has a singularity at s_0, a finite value at s_0, and a Puiseux expansion around s_0. We finally report some numerical computations for Q the simple groups of order 60 and 168.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be a finitely generated torsion-free nilpotent group. The representation zeta function $\zeta_G(s)$ of $G$ enumerates twist isoclasses of finite-dimensional irreducible complex representations of $G$. We prove that $\zeta_G(s)$ has rational abscissa of convergence $a(G)$ and may be meromorphically continued to the left of $a(G)$ and that, on the line $\{s\in\mathbb{C} \mid \textrm{Re}(s) = a(G)\}$, the continued function is holomorphic except for a pole at $s=a(G)$. A Tauberian theorem yields a precise asymptotic result on the representation growth of $G$ in terms of the position and order of this pole. We obtain these results as a consequence of a more general result establishing uniform analytic properties of representation zeta functions of finitely generated nilpotent groups of the form $\mathbf{G}(\mathcal{O})$, where $\mathbf{G}$ is a unipotent group scheme defined in terms of a nilpotent Lie lattice over the ring $\mathcal{O}$ of integers of a number field. This allows us to show, in particular, that the abscissae of convergence of the representation zeta functions of such groups and their pole orders are invariants of $\mathbf{G}$, independent of $\mathcal{O}$.

Abstract:
Using the Kirillov orbit method, novel methods from p-adic integration and Clifford theory, we study representation zeta functions associated to compact p-adic analytic groups. In particular, we give general estimates for the abscissae of convergence of such zeta functions. We compute explicit formulae for the representation zeta functions of some compact p-adic analytic groups, defined over a compact discrete valuation ring O of characteristic 0. These include principal congruence subgroups of SL_2(O), without any restrictions on the residue field characteristic of O, as well as the norm one group SL_1(D) of a non-split quaternion algebra D over the field of fractions of O and its principal congruence subgroups. We also determine the representation zeta functions of principal congruence subgroups of SL_3(O) in the case that O has residue field characteristic 3 and is unramified over Z_3.

Abstract:
We compute the representation zeta functions of some finitely generated nilpotent groups associated to unipotent group schemes over rings of integers in number fields. These group schemes are defined by Lie lattices whose presentations are modelled on certain prehomogeneous vector spaces. Our method is based on evaluating $\mathfrak{p}$-adic integrals associated to certain rank varieties of linear forms.

Abstract:
We study representation zeta functions of finitely generated, torsion-free nilpotent groups which are rational points of unipotent group schemes over rings of integers of number fields. Using the Kirillov orbit method and p-adic integration, we prove rationality and functional equations for almost all local factors of the Euler products of these zeta functions. We further give explicit formulae, in terms of Dedekind zeta functions, for the zeta functions of class-2-nilpotent groups obtained from three infinite families of group schemes, generalising the integral Heisenberg group. As an immediate corollary, we obtain precise asymptotics for the representation growth of these groups, and key analytic properties of their zeta functions, such as meromorphic continuation. We express the local factors of these zeta functions in terms of generating functions for finite Weyl groups of type B. This allows us to establish a formula for the joint distribution of three functions, or 'statistics', on such Weyl groups. Finally, we compare our explicit formulae to p-adic integrals associated to relative invariants of three infinite families of prehomogeneous vector spaces.

Abstract:
We introduce new methods from p-adic integration into the study of representation zeta functions associated to compact p-adic analytic groups and arithmetic groups. They allow us to establish that the representation zeta functions of generic members of families of p-adic analytic pro-p groups obtained from a global, `perfect' Lie lattice satisfy functional equations. In the case of `semisimple' compact p-adic analytic groups, we exhibit a link between the relevant p-adic integrals and a natural filtration of the locus of irregular elements in the associated semisimple Lie algebra, defined by centraliser dimension. Based on this algebro-geometric description, we compute explicit formulae for the representation zeta functions of principal congruence subgroups of the groups SL_3(O), where O is a compact discrete valuation ring of characteristic 0, and of the corresponding unitary groups. These formulae, combined with approximative Clifford theory, allow us to determine the abscissae of convergence of representation zeta functions associated to arithmetic subgroups of algebraic groups of type A_2. Assuming a conjecture of Serre on the Congruence Subgroup Problem, we thereby prove a conjecture of Larsen and Lubotzky on lattices in higher-rank semisimple groups for algebraic groups of type A_2 defined over number fields.

Abstract:
We study zeta functions enumerating finite-dimensional irreducible complex linear representations of compact p-adic analytic and of arithmetic groups. Using methods from p-adic integration, we show that the zeta functions associated to certain p-adic analytic pro-p groups satisfy functional equations. We prove a conjecture of Larsen and Lubotzky regarding the abscissa of convergence of arithmetic groups of type A_2 defined over number fields, assuming a conjecture of Serre on lattices in semisimple groups of rank greater than 1.

Abstract:
We compute explicitly Dirichlet generating functions enumerating finite-dimensional irreducible complex representations of various $p$-adic analytic and adelic profinite groups of type $\mathsf{A}_2$. This has consequences for the representation zeta functions of arithmetic groups $\Gamma \subset \mathbf{H}(k)$, where $k$ is a number field and $\mathbf{H}$ a $k$-form of $\mathsf{SL}_3$: assuming that $\Gamma$ possesses the strong Congruence Subgroup Property, we obtain precise, uniform estimates for the representation growth of $\Gamma$. Our results are based on explicit, uniform formulae for the representation zeta functions of the $p$-adic analytic groups $\mathsf{SL}_3(\mathfrak{o})$ and $\mathsf{SU}_3(\mathfrak{o})$, where $\mathfrak{o}$ is a compact discrete valuation ring of characteristic $0$. These formulae build on our classification of similarity classes of integral $\mathfrak{p}$-adic $3\times3$ matrices in $\mathfrak{gl}_3(\mathfrak{o})$ and $\mathfrak{gu}_3(\mathfrak{o})$, where $\mathfrak{o}$ is a compact discrete valuation ring of arbitrary characteristic. Organising the similarity classes by invariants which we call their shadows allows us to combine the Kirillov orbit method with Clifford theory to obtain explicit formulae for representation zeta functions. In a different direction we introduce and compute certain similarity class zeta functions. Our methods also yield formulae for representation zeta functions of various finite subquotients of groups of the form $\mathsf{SL}_3(\mathfrak{o})$, $\mathsf{SU}_3(\mathfrak{o})$, $\mathsf{GL}_3(\mathfrak{o})$, and $\mathsf{GU}_3(\mathfrak{o})$, arising from the respective congruence filtrations; these formulae are valid in case that the characteristic of $\mathfrak{o}$ is either $0$ or sufficiently large. Analysis of some of these formulae leads us to observe $p$-adic analogues of `Ennola duality'.