Abstract:
The degrees of freedom (DoF) region of the 2-user multiple-antenna or MIMO (multiple-input, multiple-output) interference channel (IC) is studied under fast fading and the assumption of {\em delayed} channel state information (CSI) wherein all terminals know all (or certain) channel matrices perfectly, but with a delay, and each receiver in addition knows its own incoming channels instantaneously. The general MIMO IC is considered with an arbitrary number of antennas at each of the four terminals. Dividing it into several classes depending on the relation between the numbers of antennas at the four terminals, the fundamental DoF regions are characterized under the delayed CSI assumption for {\em all} possible values of number of antennas at the four terminals. In particular, an outer bound on the DoF region of the general MIMO IC is derived. This bound is then shown to be tight for all MIMO ICs by developing interference alignment based achievability schemes for each class. A comparison of these DoF regions under the delayed CSI assumption is made with those of the idealistic `perfect CSI' assumption where perfect and instantaneous CSI is available at all terminals on the one hand and with the DoF regions of the conservative `no CSI' assumption on the other, where CSI is available at the receivers but not at all at the transmitters.

Abstract:
This paper studies two-user MIMO interference channel with isotropic fading. We assume that users are equipped with arbitrary number of antennas and the channel state information (CSI) is available at receivers only. An outer bound is obtained for the degree of freedom region, which suggests the loss of degrees of freedom due to the lack of CSI at transmitters under many circumstances.

Abstract:
We consider a MIMO interference channel in which the transmitters and receivers operate in frequency-division duplex mode. In this setting, interference management through coordinated transceiver design necessitates channel state information at the transmitters (CSI-T). The acquisition of CSI-T is done through feedback from the receivers, which entitles a loss in degrees of freedom, due to training and feedback. This loss increases with the amount of CSI-T. In this work, after formulating an overhead model for CSI acquisition at the transmitters, we propose a distributed mechanism to find for each transmitter a subset of the complete CSI, which is used to perform interference management. The mechanism is based on many-to-many stable matching. We prove the existence of a stable matching and exploit an algorithm to reach it. Simulation results show performance improvement compared to full and minimal CSI-T.

Abstract:
The degrees of freedom (DoF) of the two-user Gaussian multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) broadcast channel with confidential message (BCC) is studied under the assumption that delayed channel state information (CSI) is available at the transmitter. We characterize the optimal secrecy DoF (SDoF) region and show that it can be achieved by a simple artificial noise alignment (ANA) scheme. The proposed scheme sends the confidential messages superposed with the artificial noise over several time slots. Exploiting delayed CSI, the transmitter aligns the signal in such a way that the useful message can be extracted at the intended receiver but is completely drowned by the artificial noise at the unintended receiver. The proposed scheme can be interpreted as a non-trivial extension of Maddah-Ali Tse (MAT) scheme and enables us to quantify the resource overhead, or equivalently the DoF loss, to be paid for the secrecy communications.

Abstract:
In this work, we consider the use of interference alignment (IA) in a MIMO interference channel (IC) under the assumption that each transmitter (TX) has access to channel state information (CSI) that generally differs from that available to other TXs. This setting is referred to as distributed CSIT. In a setting where CSI accuracy is controlled by a set of power exponents, we show that in the static 3-user MIMO square IC, the number of degrees-of-freedom (DoF) that can be achieved with distributed CSIT is at least equal to the DoF achieved with the worst accuracy taken across the TXs and across the interfering links. We conjecture further that this represents exactly the DoF achieved. This result is in strong contrast with the centralized CSIT configuration usually studied (where all the TXs share the same, possibly imperfect, channel estimate) for which it was shown that the DoF achieved at receiver (RX) i is solely limited by the quality of its own feedback. This shows the critical impact of CSI discrepancies between the TXs, and highlights the price paid by distributed precoding.

Abstract:
We explore the available degrees of freedom for various multiuser MIMO communication scenarios such as the multiple access, broadcast, interference, relay, X and Z channels. For the two user MIMO interference channel, we find a general inner bound and a genie-aided outer bound that give us the exact number of degrees of freedom in many cases. We also study a share-and-transmit scheme for transmitter cooperation. For the share-and-transmit scheme, we show how the gains of transmitter cooperation are entirely offset by the cost of enabling that cooperation so that the available degrees of freedom are not increased.

Abstract:
We study the sum degrees of freedom (DoF) of a class of multi-layer relay-aided MIMO broadcast networks with delayed channel state information at transmitters (CSIT). In the assumed network a K-antenna source intends to communicate to K single-antenna destinations, with the help of N-2 layers of K full-duplex single-antenna relays. We consider two practical delayed CSIT feedback scenarios. If the source can obtain the CSI feedback signals from all layers, we prove the optimal sum DoF of the network to be K/(1+1/2+...+1/K). If the CSI feedback is only within each hop, we show that when K=2 the optimal sum DoF is 4/3, and when K >= 3 the sum DoF 3/2 is achievable. Our results reveal that the sum DoF performance in the considered class of N-layer MIMO broadcast networks with delayed CSIT may depend not on N, the number of layers in the network, but only on K, the number of antennas/terminals in each layer.

Abstract:
We consider the temporally-correlated Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) broadcast channels (BC) and interference channels (IC) where the transmitter(s) has/have (i) delayed channel state information (CSI) obtained from a latency-prone feedback channel as well as (ii) imperfect current CSIT, obtained, e.g., from prediction on the basis of these past channel samples based on the temporal correlation. The degrees of freedom (DoF) regions for the two-user broadcast and interference MIMO networks with general antenna configuration under such conditions are fully characterized, as a function of the prediction quality indicator. Specifically, a simple unified framework is proposed, allowing to attain optimal DoF region for the general antenna configurations and current CSIT qualities. Such a framework builds upon block-Markov encoding with interference quantization, optimally combining the use of both outdated and instantaneous CSIT. A striking feature of our work is that, by varying the power allocation, every point in the DoF region can be achieved with one single scheme. As a result, instead of checking the achievability of every corner point of the outer bound region, as typically done in the literature, we propose a new systematic way to prove the achievability.

Abstract:
The degrees of freedom (DoF) regions are characterized for the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) broadcast channel (BC), interference channels (IC) (including X and multi-hop interference channels) and the cognitive radio channel (CRC), when there is perfect and no channel state information at the receivers and the transmitter(s) (CSIR and CSIT), respectively. For the K-user MIMO BC, the exact characterization of the DoF region is obtained, which shows that a simple time-division-based transmission scheme is DoF-region optimal. Using the techniques developed for the MIMO BC, the corresponding problems for the two-user MIMO IC and the CRC are addressed. For both of these channels, inner and outer bounds to the DoF region are obtained and are seen to coincide for a vast majority of the relative numbers of antennas at the four terminals, thereby characterizing DoF regions for all but a few cases. Finally, the DoF regions of the $K$-user MIMO IC, the CRC, and X networks are derived for certain classes of these networks, including the one where all transmitters have an equal number of antennas and so do all receivers. The results of this paper are derived for distributions of fading channel matrices and additive noises that are more general than those considered in other simultaneous related works. The DoF regions with and without CSIT are compared and conditions on the relative numbers of antennas at the terminals under which a lack of CSIT does, or does not, result in the loss of DoF are identified, thereby providing, on the one hand, simple and robust communication schemes that don't require CSIT but have the same DoF performance as their previously found CSIT counterparts, and on the other hand, identifying situations where CSI feedback to transmitters would provide gains that are significant enough that even the DoF performance could be improved.

Abstract:
The degrees of freedom (DoF) region of the two-user MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output) interference channel is established under a new model termed as hybrid CSIT. In this model, one transmitter has delayed channel state information (CSI) and the other transmitter has instantaneous CSIT, of incoming channel matrices at the respective unpaired receivers, and neither transmitter has any knowledge of the incoming channel matrices of its respective paired receiver. The DoF region for hybrid CSIT, and consequently that of $2\times2\times3^{5}$ CSIT models, is completely characterized, and a new achievable scheme based on a combination of transmit beamforming and retrospective interference alignment is developed. Conditions are obtained on the numbers of antennas at each of the four terminals such that the DoF region under hybrid CSIT is equal to that under (a) global and instantaneous CSIT and (b) global and delayed CSIT, with the remaining cases resulting in a DoF region with hybrid CSIT that lies somewhere in between the DoF regions under the instantaneous and delayed CSIT settings. Further synergistic benefits accruing from switching between the two hybrid CSIT models are also explored.