Abstract:
This paper is devoted to the study of various aspects of deformations of log pairs, especially in connection to questions related to the invariance of singularities and log plurigenera. In particular, using recent results from the minimal model program, we obtain an extension theorem for adjoint divisors in the spirit of Siu and Kawamata and more recent works of Hacon and McKernan. Our main motivation however comes from the study of deformations of Fano varieties. Our first application regards the behavior of Mori chamber decompositions in families of Fano varieties: we prove that, in the case of mild singularities, such decomposition is rigid under deformation when the dimension is small. We then turn to analyze deformation properties of toric Fano varieties, and prove that every simplicial toric Fano variety with at most terminal singularities is rigid under deformations (and in particular is not smoothable, if singular).

Abstract:
We study deformations of pairs (X,D), with X smooth projective variety and D a smooth or a normal crossing divisor, defined over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. Using the differential graded Lie algebras theory and the Cartan homotopy construction, we are able to prove in a completely algebraic way the unobstructedness of the deformations of the pair (X,D) in many cases, e.g., whenever (X,D) is a log Calabi-Yau pair, in the case of a smooth divisor D in a Calabi Yau variety X and when D is a smooth divisor in |-m K_X|, for some positive integer m.

Abstract:
We define the "source" and the "spring" of a log canonical center and use them to solve several problems in higher-codimension adjunction. The main application is to the construction of semi log canonical pairs. Version 2: References updated. Version 3: Many small changes.

Abstract:
This paper has two parts. In the first part, we review stable pairs and triples on curves, leading up to Thaddeus' diagram of flips and contractions starting from the blow-up of projective space along a curve embedded by a complete linear series of the form K + ample. In the second part, we identify log canonical divisors which exhibit Thaddeus' flips and contractions as "log" flips and contractions in the sense of the log-minimal-model program.

Abstract:
Given an ambient variety $X$ and a fixed subvariety $Z$ we give sufficient conditions for the existence of a boundary $\Delta$ such that $Z$ is a log canonical center for the pair $(X, \Delta)$. We also show that under some additional hypotheses $\Delta$ can be chosen such that $(X, \Delta)$ has log canonical singularities.

Abstract:
In this paper, we show that the depth of an isolated log canonical center is determined by the cohomology of the -1 discrepancy diviors over it. A similar result also holds for normal isolated Du Bois singularities.

Abstract:
We prove a result on the inversion of adjunction for log canonical pairs that generalizes Kawakita's result to log canonical centers of arbitrary codimension.

Abstract:
We obtain a correct generalization of Shokurov's non-vanishing theorem for log canonical pairs. It implies the base point free theorem for log canonical pairs. We also prove the rationality theorem for log canonical pairs. As a corollary, we obtain the cone theorem for log canonical pairs. We do not need Ambro's theory of quasi-log varieties.

Abstract:
We identify dglas that control infinitesimal deformations of the pairs (manifold, Higgs bundle) and of Hitchin pairs. As a consequence, we recover known descriptions of first order deformations and we refine known results on obstructions. Secondly we prove that the Hitchin map is induced by a natural L-infinity morphism and, by standard facts about L-infinity algebras, we obtain new conditions on obstructions to deform Hitchin pairs.