Abstract:
We relate a recently introduced non-local geometric invariant of compact strictly pseudoconvex Cauchy-Riemann (CR) manifolds of dimension 3 to various eta-invariants in CR geometry: on the one hand a renormalized eta-invariant appearing when considering a sequence of metrics converging to the CR structure by expanding the size of the Reeb field; on the other hand the eta-invariant of the middle degree operator of the contact complex. We then provide explicit computations for a class of examples: transverse circle invariant CR structures on Seifert manifolds. Applications are given to the problem of filling a CR manifold by a complex hyperbolic manifold, and more generally by a Kahler-Einstein or an Einstein metric.

Abstract:
This paper studies complex cobordisms between compact, three dimensional, strictly pseudoconvex Cauchy-Riemann manifolds. Suppose the complex cobordism is given by a complex 2-manifold X with one pseudoconvex and one pseudoconcave end. We answer the following questions. What is the relation between the embeddability of the pseudoconvex end and the embeddability of the pseudoconcave end of X? Do all CR-functions on the pseudoconvex end of X extend to holomorphic functions on the interior of X? We prove that embeddability of a strictly pseudoconvex Cauchy-Riemann 3-manifold is not a complex-cobordism invariant. We show that a new phenomenon occurs: there are CR-functions on the pseudoconvex end that do not extend to holomorphic functions on X. We also show that the extendability of the CR-functions from the pseudoconvex end is necessary but not sufficient for embeddability to be preserved under complex cobordisms.

Abstract:
Basing on our results [1] on a representation of solutions to the Cauchy problem for multidimensional non-viscous Burgers equation obtained by a method of stochastic perturbation of the associated Langevin system, we deduce an explicit asymptotic formula for smooth solutions to the Cauchy problem for any genuinely nonlinear hyperbolic system of equations written in the Riemann invariants.

Abstract:
An orbifold version of the Hitchin-Thorpe inequality is used to prove that certain weighted projective spaces do not admit orbifold Einstein metrics. Also, several estimates for the orbifold Yamabe invariants of weighted projective spaces are proved.

Abstract:
The Yamabe Invariant of a smooth compact manifold is by definition the supremum of the scalar curvatures of unit-volume Yamabe metrics on the manifold. For an explicit infinite class of 4-manifolds, we show that this invariant is positive but strictly less than that of the 4-sphere. This is done by using spin^c Dirac operators to control the lowest eigenvalue of a perturbation of the Yamabe Laplacian. These results dovetail perfectly with those derived from the perturbed Seiberg-Witten equations, but the present method is much more elementary in spirit.

Abstract:
We estimate from below the isoperimetric profile of $S^2 \times \re^2$ and use this information to obtain lower bounds for the Yamabe constant of $S^2 \times \re^2$. This provides a lower bound for the Yamabe invariants of products $S^2 \times M^2$ for any closed Riemann surface $M$. Explicitly we show that $Y(S^2 \times M^2) > (2/3) Y(S^4)$.

Abstract:
We compute the Yamabe invariants for a new infinite class of closed $4$-dimensional manifolds by using a "twisted" version of the Seiberg-Witten equations, the $\mathrm{Pin}^-(2)$-monopole equations. The same technique also provides a new obstruction to the existence of Einstein metrics or long-time solutions of the normalised Ricci flow with uniformly bounded scalar curvature.

Abstract:
We derive explicit formulas for the Arakelov-Green function and the Faltings delta-invariant of a Riemann surface. A numerical example illustrates how these formulas can be used to calculate Arakelov invariants of curves.

Abstract:
In this paper it is shown that Riemann invariants are invariant under nonclassical symmetries of a hyperbolic system. As a specific example, we study the one-dimensional shallow water equations on the flat and present another type invariance under nonclassical symmetries.