Abstract:
The main purpose of this paper is to prove that the extensions of a nilpotent block algebra and its Glauberman correspondent block algebra are Morita equivalent under an additional group-theoretic condition. In particular, Harris and Linckelman's theorem and Koshitani and Michler's theorem are covered. The ingredient to carry out our purpose is the two main results in K\"ulshammer and Puig's work "Extensions of nilpotent blocks"; we actually revisited them, giving completely new proofs of both and slightly improving the second one.

Abstract:
We obtain strong information on the asymptotic behaviour of the counting function for nilpotent Galois extensions with bounded discriminant of arbitrary number fields. This extends previous investigations for the case of abelian groups. In particular, the result confirms a conjecture by the second author on this function for arbitrary groups in the nilpotent case. We further prove compatibility of the conjecture with taking wreath products with the cyclic group of order 2 and give examples in degree up to 8.

Abstract:
Let $G$ be a finite nilpotent group and $K$ a number field with torsion relatively prime to the order of $G$. By a sequence of central group extensions with cyclic kernel we obtain an upper bound for the minimum number of prime ideals of $K$ ramified in a Galois extension of $K$ with Galois group isomorphic to $G$. This sharpens and extends results of Geyer and Jarden and of Plans. Also we confirm Boston's conjecture on the minimum number of ramified primes for a family of central extensions by the Schur multiplicator.

Abstract:
Let $B$ be a $p$-block of a finite group, and set $m=$ $\sum \chi(1)^2$, the sum taken over all height zero characters of $B$. Motivated by a result of M. Isaacs characterising $p$-nilpotent finite groups in terms of character degrees, we show that $B$ is nilpotent if and only if the exact power of $p$ dividing $m$ is equal to the $p$-part of $|G:P|^2|P:R|$, where $P$ is a defect group of $B$ and where $R$ is the focal subgroup of $P$ with respect to a fusion system $\CF$ of $B$ on $P$. The proof involves the hyperfocal subalgebra $D$ of a source algebra of $B$. We conjecture that all ordinary irreducible characters of $D$ have degree prime to $p$ if and only if the $\CF$-hyperfocal subgroup of $P$ is abelian.

Abstract:
Levi's theorem decomposes any arbitrary Lie algebra over a field of characteristic zero, as a direct sum of a semisimple Lie algebra (named Levi factor) and its solvable radical. Given a solvable Lie algebra $R$, a semisimple Lie algebra $S$ is said to be a Levi extension of $R$ in case a Lie structure can be defined on the vector space $S\oplus R$. The assertion is equivalent to $\rho(S)\subseteq \mathrm{Der}(R)$, where $\mathrm{Der}(R)$ is the derivation algebra of $R$, for some representation $\rho$ of $S$ onto $R$. Our goal in this paper, is to present some general structure results on nilpotent Lie algebras admitting Levi extensions based on free nilpotent Lie algebras and modules of semisimple Lie algebras. In low nilpotent index a complete classification will be given. The results are based on linear algebra methods and leads to computational algorithms.

Abstract:
In this paper we study topological cocycles for minimal homeomorphisms on a compact metric space. We introduce a notion of an essential range for topological cocycles with values in a locally compact group, and we show that this notion coincides with the well known topological essential range if the group is abelian. We define then a regularity condition for cocycles and prove several results on the essential ranges and the orbit closures of the skew product of regular cocycles. Furthermore we show that recurrent cocycles for a minimal rotation on a locally connected compact group are always regular, supposed that their ranges are in a nilpotent group, and then their essential ranges are almost connected.

Abstract:
In a recent article, G. Malle and G. Navarro conjectured that the $p$-blocks of a finite group all of whose height 0 characters have the same degree are exactly the nilpotent blocks defined by M. Brou\'e and L. Puig. In this paper, we check that this conjecture holds for spin-blocks of the covering group $2.\A_n$ of the alternating group $\A_n$, thereby solving a case excluded from the study of quasi-simple groups by Malle and Navarro.

Abstract:
We propose the study and description of the structure of complex Lie algebras with nilradical a nilpotent Lie algebra of type 2 by using sl2(C)-representation theory. Our results will be applied to review the classi?cation given in [1] (J. Geometry and Physics, 2011) of the Lie algebras with nilradical the quasiclassical algebra L5;3. A non-Lie algebra has been erroneously included in this classi?cation. The 5-dimensional Lie algebra L5;3 is a free nilpotent algebra of type 2 and it is one of two free nilpotent algebras admitting an invariant metric. According to [, Ok98] quasiclassical algebras let construct consistent Yang-Mills gauge theories.

Abstract:
We prove twisted homological stability with polynomial coefficients for automorphism groups of free nilpotent groups of any given class. These groups interpolate between two extremes for which homological stability was known before, the general linear groups over the integers and the automorphism groups of free groups. The proof presented here uses a general result that applies to arbitrary extensions of groups, and that has other applications as well.

Abstract:
We establish an improved upper estimate on dimension of any solvable algebra s with its nilradical isomorphic to a given nilpotent Lie algebra n. Next we consider Levi decomposable algebras with a given nilradical n and investigate restrictions on possible Levi factors originating from the structure of characteristic ideals of n. We present a new perspective on Turkowski's classification of Levi decomposable algebras up to dimension 9.