Abstract:
We introduce a notion of Homological Projective Duality for smooth algebraic varieties in dual projective spaces, a homological extension of the classical projective duality. If algebraic varieties $X$ and $Y$ in dual projective spaces are Homologically Projectively Dual, then we prove that the orthogonal linear sections of $X$ and $Y$ admit semiorthogonal decompositions with an equivalent nontrivial component. In particular, it follows that triangulated categories of singularities of these sections are equivalent. We also investigate Homological Projective Duality for projectivizations of vector bundles.

Abstract:
Our main objective is to demonstrate how homological perturbation theory (HPT) results over the last 40 years immediately or with little extra work give some of the Koszul duality results that have appeared in the last decade. Higher homotopies typically arise when a huge object, e. g. a chain complex defining various invariants of a certain geometric situation, is cut to a small model, and the higher homotopies can then be dealt with concisely in the language of sh-structures (strong homotopy structures). This amounts to precise ways of handling the requisite additional structure encapsulating the various coherence conditions. Given e. g. two augmented differential graded algebras A and B, an sh-map from A to B is a twisting cochain from the reduced bar construction of A to B and, in this manner, the class of morphisms of augmented differential graded algebras is extended to that of sh-morphisms. In the present paper, we explore small models for equivariant (co)homology via differential homological algebra techniques including homological perturbation theory which, in turn, is a standard tool to handle sh-structures. Koszul duality, for a finite type exterior algebra on odd positive degree generators, then comes down to a duality between the category of sh-modules over that algebra and that of sh-comodules over its reduced bar construction. This kind of duality relies on the extended functoriality of the differential graded Tor-, Ext-, Cotor-, and Coext functors, extended to the appropriate sh-categories. We construct the small models as certain twisted tensor products and twisted Hom-objects. These are chain and cochain models for the chains and cochains on geometric bundles and are compatible with suitable additional structure.

Abstract:
In this paper we prove Homological Projective Duality for crepant categorical resolutions of several classes of linear determinantal varieties. By this we mean varieties that are cut out by the minors of a given rank of a n x m matrix of linear forms on a given projective space. As applications, we obtain pairs of derived-equivalent Calabi-Yau manifolds, and address a question by A. Bondal asking whether the derived category of any smooth projective variety can be fully faithfully embedded in the derived category of a smooth Fano variety. Moreover we discuss the relation between rationality and categorical representability in codimension two for determinantal varieties.

Abstract:
The paper surveys some new results and open problems connected with such fundamental combinatorial concepts as polytopes, simplicial complexes, cubical complexes, and subspace arrangements. Particular attention is paid to the case of simplicial and cubical subdivisions of manifolds and, especially, spheres. We describe important constructions which allow to study all these combinatorial objects by means of methods of commutative and homological algebra. The proposed approach to combinatorial problems relies on the theory of moment-angle complexes, currently being developed by the authors. The theory centres around the construction that assigns to each simplicial complex $K$ with $m$ vertices a $T^m$-space $\zk$ with a special bigraded cellular decomposition. In the framework of this theory, the well-known non-singular toric varieties arise as orbit spaces of maximally free actions of subtori on moment-angle complexes corresponding to simplicial spheres. We express different invariants of simplicial complexes and related combinatorial-geometrical objects in terms of the bigraded cohomology rings of the corresponding moment-angle complexes. Finally, we show that the new relationships between combinatorics, geometry and topology result in solutions to some well-known topological problems.

Abstract:
Let $G$ and $A$ be objects of a finitely cocomplete homological category $\mathbb C$. We define a notion of an (internal) action of $G$ of $A$ which is functorially equivalent with a point in $\mathbb C$ over $G$, i.e. a split extension in $\mathbb C$ with kernel $A$ and cokernel $G$. This notion and its study are based on a preliminary investigation of cross-effects of functors in a general categorical context. These also allow us to define higher categorical commutators. We show that any proper subobject of an object $E$ (i.e., a kernel of some map on $E$ in $\mathbb C$) admits a "conjugation" action of $E$, generalizing the conjugation action of $E$ on itself defined by Bourn and Janelidze. If $\mathbb C$ is semi-abelian, we show that for subobjects $X$, $Y$ of some object $A$, $X$ is proper in the supremum of $X$ and $Y$ if and only if $X$ is stable under the restriction to $Y$ of the conjugation action of $A$ on itself. This amounts to an elementary proof of Bourn and Janelidze's functorial equivalence between points over $G$ in $\mathbb C$ and algebras over a certain monad $\mathbb T_G$ on $\mathbb C$. The two axioms of such an algebra can be replaced by three others, in terms of cross-effects, two of which generalize the usual properties of an action of one group on another.

Abstract:
In this article we study properly discontinuous actions on Hilbert manifolds giving new examples of complete Hilbert manifolds with nonnegative, respectively nonpositive, sectional curvature with infinite fundamental group. We also get examples of complete infinite dimensional K\"ahler manifolds with positive holomorphic sectional curvature and infinite fundamental group in contrast with the finite dimensional case and we classify abelian groups acting linearly, isometrically and properly discontinuously on Stiefel manifolds. Finally, we classify homogeneous Hilbert manifolds with constant sectional curvature.

Abstract:
Given a multifunction from $X$ to the $k-$fold symmetric product $Sym_k(X)$, we use the Dold-Thom Theorem to establish a homological selection Theorem. This is used to establish existence of Nash equilibria. Cost functions in problems concerning the existence of Nash Equilibria are traditionally multilinear in the mixed strategies. The main aim of this paper is to relax the hypothesis of multilinearity. We use basic intersection theory, Poincar\'e Duality in addition to the Dold-Thom Theorem.

Abstract:
We show that taking the wreath product of a quasi-hereditary algebra with symmetric group inherits several homological properties of the original algebra, namely BGG duality, standard Koszulity, balancedness as well as a condition which makes the Ext-algebra of its standard modules a Koszul algebra.

Abstract:
Given a finite group G acting as automorphisms on a ring A, the skew group ring A*G is an important tool for studying the structure of G-stable ideals of A. The ring A*G is G-graded, i.e.G coacts on A*G. The Cohen-Montgomery duality says that the smash product A*G#k[G]^* of A*G with the dual group ring k[G]^* is isomorphic to the full matrix ring M_n(A) over A, where n is the order of G. In this note we show how much of the Cohen-Montgomery duality carries over to partial group actions in the sense of R.Exel. In particular we show that the smash product (A*_\alpha G)#k[G]^* of the partial skew group ring A*_\alpha G and k[G]^* is isomorphic to a direct product of the form K x eM_n(A)e where e is a certain idempotent of M_n(A) and K is a subalgebra of (A *_\alpha G)#k[G]^*. Moreover A*_\alpha G is shown to be isomorphic to a separable subalgebra of eM_n(A)e. We also look at duality for infinite partial group actions and for partial Hopf actions.