Abstract:
We study the solutions of the two-dimensional Keller-Segel system describing chemotaxis. The Keller-Segel system as well as the properties of the blow-up set has been extensively studied. In this paper we obtain generalized solutions for the Keller-Segel system in the sense of measures as the limit of two-different regularizations of it. We will show that the resulting limit measures, that are in some suitable sense global weak solutions of the Keller-Segel system, depend in the regularization.

Abstract:
The L^1-critical parabolic-elliptic Patlak-Keller-Segel system is a classical model of chemotactic aggregation in micro-organisms well-known to have critical mass phenomena. In this paper we study this critical mass phenomenon in the context of Patlak-Keller-Segel models with spatially varying diffusivity and decay rate of the chemo-attractant. The primary tool for the proof of global existence below the critical mass is the use of pseudo-differential operators to precisely evaluate the leading order quadratic portion of the potential energy (interaction energy). Under the assumption of radial symmetry, blow-up is proved above critical mass using a maximum-principle type argument based on comparing the mass distribution of solutions to a barrier consisting of the unique stationary solutions of the scale-invariant PKS. Although effective where standard Virial methods do not apply, this method seems to be dependent on the assumption of radial symmetry. For technical reasons we work in dimensions three and higher where L^1-critical variants of the PKS have porous media-type nonlinear diffusion on the organism density, resulting in finite speed of propagation and simplified functional inequalities.

Abstract:
A parabolic-parabolic (Patlak-) Keller-Segel model in up to three space dimensions with nonlinear cell diffusion and an additional nonlinear cross-diffusion term is analyzed. The main feature of this model is that there exists a new entropy functional, yielding gradient estimates for the cell density and chemical concentration. For arbitrarily small cross-diffusion coefficients and for suitable exponents of the nonlinear diffusion terms, the global-in-time existence of weak solutions is proved, thus preventing finite-time blow up of the cell density. The global existence result also holds for linear and fast diffusion of the cell density in a certain parameter range in three dimensions. Furthermore, we show $L^\infty$ bounds for the solutions to the parabolic-elliptic system. Sufficient conditions leading to the asymptotic stability of the constant steady state are given for a particular choice of the nonlinear diffusion exponents. Numerical experiments in two and three space dimensions illustrate the theoretical results.

Abstract:
We consider the parabolic-parabolic two-dimensional Patlak-Keller-Segel problem. We prove the existence of stable blow-up dynamics in finite time in the radial case. We extend in this article the result of [36] for the parabolic-elliptic case.

Abstract:
We investigate a particle system which is a discrete and deterministic approximation of the one-dimensional Keller-Segel equation with a logarithmic potential. The particle system is derived from the gradient flow of the homogeneous free energy written in Lagrangian coordinates. We focus on the description of the blow-up of the particle system, namely: the number of particles involved in the first aggregate, and the limiting profile of the rescaled system. We exhibit basins of stability for which the number of particles is critical, and we prove a weak rigidity result concerning the rescaled dynamics. This work is complemented with a detailed analysis of the case where only three particles interact.

Abstract:
This paper is devoted to the analysis of the classical Keller-Segel system over $\mathbb{R}^d$, $d\geq 3$. We describe as much as possible the dynamics of the system characterized by various criteria, both in the parabolic-elliptic case and in the fully parabolic case. The main results when dealing with the parabolic-elliptic case are: local existence without smallness assumption on the initial density, global existence under an improved smallness condition and comparison of blow-up criteria. A new concentration phenomenon criteria for the fully parabolic case is also given. The analysis is completed by a visualization tool based on the reduction of the parabolic-elliptic system to a finite-dimensional dynamical system of gradient flow type, sharing features similar to the infinite-dimensional system.

Abstract:
We study the Neumann initial-boundary value problem for the fully parabolic Keller-Segel system u_t=\Delta u - \nabla \cdot (u\nabla v), \qquad x\in\Omega, \ t>0, [1mm] v_t=\Delta v-v+u, \qquad x\in\Omega, \ t>0, where $\Omega$ is a ball in ${\mathbb{R}}^n$ with $n\ge 3$. It is proved that for any prescribed $m>0$ there exist radially symmetric positive initial data $(u_0,v_0) \in C^0(\bar\Omega) \times W^{1,\infty}(\Omega)$ with $\int_\Omega u_0=m$ such that the corresponding solution blows up in finite time. Moreover, by providing an essentially explicit blow-up criterion it is shown that within the space of all radial functions, the set of such blow-up enforcing initial data indeed is large in an appropriate sense; in particular, this set is dense with respect to the topology of $L^p(\Omega) \times W^{1,2}(\Omega)$ for any $p \in (1,\frac{2n}{n+2})$.

Abstract:
For the parabolic-elliptic Keller-Segel system in R^2 it has been proved that if the initial mass is less than 8\pi/\chi\ global solution exist and in the case that the initial mass is larger than 8\pi/\chi\ blow-up happens. The case of several chemotactic species introduces an additional question: What is the analog for the critical mass obtained for the single species system? We find a threshold curve in the case of two especies case that allows us to determine if the system has blow-up or has a global in time solution.

Abstract:
We study the Keller-Segel model of chemotaxis and develop a composite particle-grid numerical method with adaptive time stepping which allows us to accurately resolve singular solutions. The numerical findings (in two dimensions) are then compared with analytical predictions regarding formation and interaction of singularities obtained via analysis of the stochastic differential equations associated with the Keller-Segel model.