Abstract:
We make here a short overview of the recent developments regarding translation-invariant models on the noncommutative Moyal space. A scalar model was first proposed and proved renormalizable. Its one-loop renormalization group flow and parametric representation were calculated. Furthermore, a mechanism to take its commutative limit was recently given. Finally, a proposition for a renormalizable, translation-invariant gauge model was made.

Abstract:
We review some selected aspects of the construction of gauge invariant operators in field theories on non-commutative spaces and their relation to the energy momentum tensor as well as to the non-commutative loop equations.

Abstract:
Translation-invariant noncommutative gauge theories are discussed in the setting of matrix modeled gauge theories. Using the matrix model formulation the explicit form of consistent anomalies and consistent Schwinger terms for translation-invariant noncommutative gauge theories are derived.

Abstract:
Fractional derivatives and integrations of non-integers orders was introduced more than three centuries ago but only recently gained more attention due to its application on nonlocal phenomenas. In this context, several formulations of fractional electromagnetic fields was proposed, but all these theories suffer from the absence of an effective fractional vector calculus, and in general are non-causal or spatially asymmetric. In order to deal with these difficulties, we propose a spatially symmetric and causal gauge invariant fractional electromagnetic field from a Lagrangian formulation. From our fractional Maxwell's fields arose a definition for the fractional gradient, divergent and curl operators.

Abstract:
Translation-invariant products are studied in the setting of alpha^star-cohomology. It is explicitly shown that all quantum behaviors including the Green's functions and the scattering matrix of translation-invariant non-commutative quantum field theories are thoroughly characterized by alpha^star-cohomology classes of the star products.

Abstract:
The world-volume theory on a D-brane in a constant B-field background can be described by either commutative or noncommutative Yang-Mills theories. These two descriptions correspond to two different gauge fixing of the diffeomorphism on the brane. Comparing the boundary states in the two gauges, we derive a map between commutative and noncommutative gauge fields in a path integral form, when the gauge group is U(1).

Abstract:
A matrix modeling formulation for translation-invariant noncommutative gauge theories is given in the setting of differential graded algebras and quantum groups. Translation-invariant products are discussed in the setting of {\alpha}-cohomology and it is shown that loop calculations are entirely determined by {\alpha}-cohomology class of star product in all orders. Noncommutative version of geometric quantization and (anti-) BRST transformations is worked out which leads to a noncommutative description of consistent anomalies and Schwinger terms.

Abstract:
The theory of alpha_star-cohomology is studied thoroughly and it is shown that in each cohomology class there exists a unique 2-cocycle, the harmonic form, which generates a particular Groenewold-Moyal star product. This leads to an algebraic classification of translation-invariant non-commutative structures and shows that any general translationinvariant non-commutative quantum field theory is physically equivalent to a Groenewold- Moyal non-commutative quantum field theory.

Abstract:
In this paper we put forward a systematic and unifying approach to construct gauge invariant composite fields out of connections. It relies on the existence in the theory of a group valued field with a prescribed gauge transformation. As an illustration, we detail some examples. Two of them are based on known results: the first one provides a reinterpretation of the symmetry breaking mechanism of the electroweak part of the Standard Model of particle physics; the second one is an application to Einstein's theory of gravity described as a gauge theory in terms of Cartan connections. The last example depicts a new situation: starting with a gauge field theory on Atiyah Lie algebroids, the gauge invariant composite fields describe massive vector fields. Some mathematical and physical discussions illustrate and highlight the relevance and the generality of this approach.

Abstract:
We examine the relation between Coulomb-gauge fields and the gauge-invariant fields constructed in the temporal gauge for two-color QCD by comparing a variety of properties, including their equal-time commutation rules and those of their conjugate chromoelectric fields. We also express the temporal-gauge Hamiltonian in terms of gauge-invariant fields and show that it can be interpreted as a sum of the Coulomb-gauge Hamiltonian and another part that is important for determining the equations of motion of temporal-gauge fields, but that can never affect the time evolution of ``physical'' state vectors. We also discuss multiplicities of gauge-invariant temporal-gauge fields that belong to different topological sectors and that, in previous work, were shown to be based on the same underlying gauge-dependent temporal-gauge fields. We argue that these multiplicities of gauge-invariant fields are manifestations of the Gribov ambiguity. We show that the differential equation that bases the multiplicities of gauge-invariant fields on their underlying gauge-dependent temporal-gauge fields has nonlinearities identical to those of the ``Gribov'' equation, which demonstrates the non-uniqueness of Coulomb-gauge fields. These multiplicities of gauge-invariant fields --- and, hence, Gribov copies --- appear in the temporal gauge, but only with the imposition of Gauss's law and the implementation of gauge invariance; they do not arise when the theory is represented in terms of gauge-dependent fields and Gauss's law is left unimplemented.