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Einstein in the crossroad of the sciences, arts and humanities  [PDF]
Daniel Salomón
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: Western thinking underwent a turning point between 1885 and 1925. Einstein in 1905 symbolizes the emblematic hinge of this change of direction. To find an equivalent phenomenon in the past we need to go back to the period from the XV century to the XVII century. It was not a mere reform of codes but a new code. In 1905 the perception of reality changed through the introduction of relativism in three levels of the reference systems: the ego-other relation, the world perceived by the senses, and the 'ideal' universe of the concepts. We will try to identify how this change was expressed and developed in the cited levels, both in the physic and nature based sciences, in the social sciences, and in literature and fine arts. Today, 100 years after, the 1905's generation still proposes us two options: to live sheltered by the dogma that reassures us with its only and exclusive viewpoint claimed objective, or to dare to live with the multiple, the transient, the relative. The first way led to the worst regimes and intolerant ideas of the XX century, the second option throws us into the uncertainty of the creative adventure, but also leads us to the possibility of a fairer society in the XXI century.
Making manifest: the role of exemplification in the Sciences and the Arts
Catherine Z. Elgin
Principia : an International Journal of Epistemology , 2011,
Abstract: Exemplification is the relation of an example to whatever it is an example of. Goodman maintains that exemplification is a symptom of the aesthetic: although not a necessary condition, it is an indicator that symbol is functioning aesthetically. I argue that exemplification is as important in science as it is in art. It is the vehicle by which experiments make aspects of nature manifest. I suggest that the difference between exemplars in the arts and the sciences lies in the way they exemplify. Density and repleteness (among the other symptoms of the aesthetic) are characteristic of aesthetic exemplars but not of scientific ones.
Universality of Rank-Ordering Distributions in the Arts and Sciences  [PDF]
Gustavo Martínez-Mekler, Roberto Alvarez Martínez, Manuel Beltrán del Río, Ricardo Mansilla, Pedro Miramontes, Germinal Cocho
PLOS ONE , 2009, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004791
Abstract: Searching for generic behaviors has been one of the driving forces leading to a deep understanding and classification of diverse phenomena. Usually a starting point is the development of a phenomenology based on observations. Such is the case for power law distributions encountered in a wealth of situations coming from physics, geophysics, biology, lexicography as well as social and financial networks. This finding is however restricted to a range of values outside of which finite size corrections are often invoked. Here we uncover a universal behavior of the way in which elements of a system are distributed according to their rank with respect to a given property, valid for the full range of values, regardless of whether or not a power law has previously been suggested. We propose a two parameter functional form for these rank-ordered distributions that gives excellent fits to an impressive amount of very diverse phenomena, coming from the arts, social and natural sciences. It is a discrete version of a generalized beta distribution, given by f(r) = A(N+1-r)b/ra, where r is the rank, N its maximum value, A the normalization constant and (a, b) two fitting exponents. Prompted by our genetic sequence observations we present a growth probabilistic model incorporating mutation-duplication features that generates data complying with this distribution. The competition between permanence and change appears to be a relevant, though not necessary feature. Additionally, our observations mainly of social phenomena suggest that a multifactorial quality resulting from the convergence of several heterogeneous underlying processes is an important feature. We also explore the significance of the distribution parameters and their classifying potential. The ubiquity of our findings suggests that there must be a fundamental underlying explanation, most probably of a statistical nature, such as an appropriate central limit theorem formulation.
Cooperation of the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts and the Metropolitan Library in Zagreb  [PDF]
Branka Budin
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2006,
Abstract: Authors emphasize the connection of the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts, especially its Janez Vajkard Valvasor Foundation from Ljubljana, and the Metropolitan Library, the library of the Zagreb Archbishopric and commend successful collaboration of these two institutions. Author closely indicate varied correlation and collaboration of the Slovene Academy of Sciences and Arts and the Metropolitan Library. One of them was the exhibition on the occasion of the significant anniversary of printing of the Valvasor’s manuscripts and works that are exclusively kept in the Metropolitan Library. Emphasis is given to the value of the joint Slovene Academy and the Metropolitan Library project Iconotheca Valvasoriana – the facsimile edition of the Valvasor’s graphic collection that is in process of publishing.
Les sciences sociales au miroir des arts.
Corinne Delmas
EspacesTemps.net , 2010,
Abstract: Comment parler de la société , d’Howard Becker, est un ouvrage passionnant qui questionne les conditions de production et de réception des multiples représentations de la société, qu’elles soient scientifiques, littéraires, photographiques, artistiques… Par là même, il interroge l’approche des sciences sociales. à rebours d’une sociologie académique revendiquant le monopole de la production légitime de discours sur le social, Becker nous invite à découvrir toute la ...
150 Years of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts and 125 Years of the Presence of Chemists in the Academy  [PDF]
Trinajsti?, N.,Pau?ek-Ba?dar, S.,Flegar, V.
Kemija u Industriji , 2011,
Abstract: The foundation of the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts in 1861 and the role of bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer is described. The first 16 members of the Academy and all its presidents are listed. Only one chemist so far has been president of the Academy; this was Gustav Jane ek. The changes in the Academy's structure and name since its foundation are discussed. The present name - Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts - was used from 1941 to 1945 and since 1991. All full member chemists of the Academy are listed. The scientific journal Rad, published by the Academy since 1867, is briefly presented. Four papers by Dragutin Eeh, published in Rad from 1878 to 1882, are discussed since they are the first papers reporting original research in chemistry in Croatia. All papers by Gustav Janeeek published in Rad are also presented. All Janeeek’s doctoral students are mentioned with the titles of their theses and dates of doctoral degree.
Opinions of Turkish Students Graduated from Faculties of Arts and Sciences about Pedagogical Formation Training  [PDF]
Murat Demirba?,Metin Elkatmi?,Nurcan Ertugrul
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Training teachers is among the most important issues for many governments. In Turkey, similarly, the question of how to train teachers has been debated for years and numerous practices have been tried. One of these practices is providing pedagogical formation training to students who graduated from faculties of arts and sciences. The main aim of this study is to determine the opinions of these students about the pedagogical formation training given by faculties of education. The research was designed as a descriptive study in which scanning model was employed. The universe of the research consists of 122 students who graduated from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at K r kkale University and who are currently receiving pedagogical formation training in the Faculty of Education. The data in the research were collected using the assessment instrument developed by Geli li (2009), they were analyzed and interpreted using SPSS 16.0 software, and finally suggestions are presented.
The research trends of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences Research at the University of Zululand, 1994 - 2008
D Ocholla, J Mostert
Inkanyiso: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: The Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences departments play a fundamental role in university education and in promoting the vision and mission of the University of Zululand. This paper explores definitions of Humanities and the Social Sciences, and the terms ‘research’ and ‘research output’, and examines the status and challenges of research management at the University of Zululand to evaluate research in the cited departments. A bibliometric method was used to analyse the trends and challenges of Humanities and Social Sciences research by using research data reflecting on ongoing and completed Arts, Humanities and Social Science research publications submitted by staff and students from 1994 – 2008 to the university’s Research Office. Data was analysed by categorising research output according to overall research publication by department, publication in accredited (SAPSE) journals by each department, author productivity, and research output by categories. Pearson’s correlation analysis was applied to test whether there was any correlation between registered research projects and research publications. Results indicate that strong AH&SS research engagement and publication exist at the university. Most research output was in the form of journal articles and conference papers. There was also growing postgraduate research output in the form of Masters and Doctoral dissertations. AH&SS research is generally multidisciplinary in nature. We noted that the system for capturing completed Masters and Doctoral research reports at the university is inadequate. The paper raises other issues that are important for AH&SS research and development.
Arts and sciences  [PDF]
Ofer Lellouche
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00008
Abstract:
De la démocratie en Amérique : Arts, sciences et politique 1776-1865
Catherine Van der Rest
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2007,
Abstract: Intervenants : Elizabeth Kennedy, Olivier Meslay, Philippe Roger, Margaretta M. Lovell, Sally M. Promey, Emmanuel Désveaux, Richard J. Powell, Paul Staiti, Jean-Philippe Antoine, Susanne Keller, Fran ois Brunet, Neil Harris.Programme disponible sur le site du Louvre, www.louvre.frLe colloque De la démocratie en Amérique : Arts, sciences et politique 1776-1865 du vendredi 16 juin a rassemblé un public nombreux et très varié, qui a pu découvrir des approches très différentes de l’art améric...
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